Topographic isolation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Topographic isolation and prominence

The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks, and can even be calculated for submarine summits.

Isolation table[edit]

The following sortable table lists the Earth's 40 most topographically isolated summits.

The 40 most topographically isolated summits on Earth

Rank Summit Landmass Country Elevation Prominence Isolation Nearest higher neighbour
1 Mount Everest Eurasia  China
   Nepal
8848 m
29,029 ft
8848 m
29,029 ft
n/a n/a
2 Aconcagua South America  Argentina 6962 m
22,841 ft
6962 m
22,841 ft
16,518 km
10,264 mi
Tirich Mir
3 Denali North America  United States (Alaska) 6194 m
20,320 ft
6149 m
20,174 ft
7,450 km
4,629 mi
Yanamax
4 Kilimanjaro Africa  Tanzania 5895 m
19,341 ft
5885 m
19,308 ft
5,510 km
3,424 mi
Tirich Mir
5 Puncak Jaya New Guinea  Indonesia 4884 m
16,024 ft
4884 m
16,024 ft
5,262 km
3,269 mi
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain
6 Vinson Massif Antarctica  Antarctica 4892 m
16,050 ft
4892 m
16,050 ft
4,911 km
3,052 mi
Cerro Sosneado
7 Mont Orohena Tahiti  French Polynesia 2241 m
7,352 ft
2241 m
7,352 ft
4,128 km
2,565 mi
Mount Ngauruhoe
8 Mauna Kea Hawai'i  United States (Hawai'i) 4205 m
13,796 ft
4205 m
13,796 ft
3,947 km
2,453 mi
Mount Shasta
9 Gunnbjørn Fjeld Greenland  Greenland 3694 m
12,119 ft
3694 m
12,119 ft
3,254 km
2,022 mi
The Eiger
10 Aoraki/Mount Cook South Island  New Zealand 3754 m
12,316 ft
3754 m
12,316 ft
3,140 km
1,951 mi
Mount Adam
11 Thabana Ntlenyana Africa  Lesotho 3482 m
11,424 ft
2390 m
7,841 ft
3,003 km
1,866 mi
Mount Meru (Tanzania)
12 Maunga Terevaka Rapa Nui  Chile 506 m
1,660 ft
506 m
1,660 ft
2,836 km
1,762 mi
Cerro de Los Inocentes
13 Mont Blanc Eurasia  France
 Italy
4810 m
15,781 ft
4697 m
15,410 ft
2,812 km
1,747 mi
Kukurtlu Dome
14 Piton des Neiges Réunion  France 3071 m
10,075 ft
3071 m
10,075 ft
2,767 km
1,720 mi
Giant's Castle
15 Klyuchevskaya Sopka Eurasia  Russia (Kamchatka) 4750 m
15,584 ft
4649 m
15,253 ft
2,748 km
1,708 mi
Mount Foraker
16 Pico de Orizaba North America  Mexico 5636 m
18,491 ft
4922 m
16,148 ft
2,690 km
1,672 mi
Pico Cristóbal Colón
17 Queen Mary's Peak Tristan da Cunha  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2060 m
6,759 ft
2060 m
6,759 ft
2,665 km
1,656 mi
Mount Paget
18 Mount Whitney North America  United States (California) 4421 m
14,505 ft
3072 m
10,080 ft
2,649 km
1,646 mi
Nevado de Toluca
19 Gunung Kinabalu Borneo  Malaysia 4095 m
13,435 ft
4095 m
13,435 ft
2,538 km
1,577 mi
Ngga Pilimsit
20 Mount Elbrus Eurasia  Russia 5642 m
18,510 ft
4741 m
15,554 ft
2,473 km
1,536 mi
Pik Agasis
21 Pico da Bandeira South America  Brazil 2897 m
9,505 ft
2647 m
8,684 ft
2,393 km
1,487 mi
Cerro Naranjos
22 Mont Cameroun Africa  Cameroon 4040 m
13,255 ft
3901 m
12,799 ft
2,338 km
1,453 mi
Mikeno
23 Mount Paget South Georgia  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 2915 m
9,564 ft
2915 m
9,564 ft
2,269 km
1,410 mi
Welch Mountains
24 Mauga Silisili Savai'i  Samoa 1858 m
6,096 ft
1858 m
6,096 ft
2,245 km
1,395 mi
Tabwemasana
25 Nevado Huascarán South America  Peru 6746 m
22,133 ft
2776 m
9,108 ft
2,196 km
1,365 mi
Tres Cruces
26 Anai Mudi Eurasia  India 2695 m
8,842 ft
2480 m
8,136 ft
2,115 km
1,314 mi
Machapuchare
27 Jebel Toubkal Africa  Morocco 4167 m
13,671 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
2,078 km
1,291 mi
Picco Luigi Amedeo
28 Mount Fuji Honshu  Japan 3776 m
12,388 ft
3776 m
12,388 ft
2,077 km
1,291 mi
Ch'ih-k'e Shan
29 Emi Koussi Africa  Chad 3445 m
11,302 ft
2934 m
9,626 ft
2,001 km
1,243 mi
Mount Cameroon
30 Mawson Peak Heard Island  Heard Island and McDonald Islands 2745 m
9,006 ft
2745 m
9,006 ft
1,922 km
1,194 mi
Mount McMaster
31 Mount Mitchell North America  United States (North Carolina) 2037 m
6,684 ft
1857 m
6,091 ft
1,913 km
1,189 mi
Lone Butte
32 Gunung Kerinci Sumatra  Indonesia 3805 m
12,484 ft
3805 m
12,484 ft
1,905 km
1,184 mi
Gunung Kinabalu
33 Agrihan High Point Agrihan  Northern Mariana Islands 965 m
3,166 ft
965 m
3,166 ft
1,902 km
1,182 mi
Mount Amagi
34 Mount Kosciuszko Australia  Australia 2228 m
7,310 ft
2228 m
7,310 ft
1,895 km
1,177 mi
Tutoko
35 Olavtoppen Bouvet Island  Bouvet Island 780 m
2,559 ft
780 m
2,559 ft
1,856 km
1,153 mi
Edinburgh Peak
36 Jarvis High Point Jarvis Island  United States Minor Outlying Islands 7 m
23 ft
7 m
23 ft
1,852 km
1,151 mi
Lata Mountain
37 Mascarin Peak Marion Island  South Africa 1230 m
4,035 ft
1230 m
4,035 ft
1,848 km
1,148 mi
Cockscomb
38 Green Mountain Ascension Island  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 859 m
2,818 ft
859 m
2,818 ft
1,842 km
1,145 mi
Mont Richard-Molard
39 Gora Narodnaya Eurasia  Russia 1895 m
6,217 ft
1772 m
5,814 ft
1,836 km
1,141 mi
Kattotjåkkå
40 Yushan Taiwan  Taiwan 3952 m
12,966 ft
3952 m
12,966 ft
1,815 km
1,128 mi
Peak 4030

Examples[edit]

  • The nearest peak to Germany's highest mountain, the 2,962-metre-high Zugspitze, that has a 2962-metre-contour is the Zwölferkogel (2,988 m) in Austria's Stubai Alps. The distance between the Zugspitze and this contour is 25.8 km; the Zugspitze is thus the highest peak for a radius of 25.8 km around. Its isolation is thus 25.8 km.
  • Because there are no higher mountains than Mount Everest, it has no definitive isolation. Many sources list its isolation as the circumference of the earth over the poles or – questionably, because there is no agreed definition – as half the earth's circumference.
  • After Mount Everest the Aconcagua, highest mountain of the American continents, has the greatest isolation of all mountains. There is no higher land for 16,534 kilometres when its height is first exceeded by Tirich Mir in the Hindu Kush.
  • Mont Blanc is the highest mountain of the Alps. The geographically nearest higher mountains are all in the Caucasus. The Kukurtlu (4,912 m), which rises near the Elbrus (5,633 m), is the reference peak for Mont Blanc.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]