From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Topography may refer to:
Cartography, geology and oceanography
- Topography, the study of the current terrain features of a region and the graphic representation of the landform on a map
- Inverted topography, landscape features that have reversed their elevation relative to other features
- Karst topography, a three-dimensional landscape shaped by the dissolution of a soluble layer or layers of bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite
- Ocean surface topography, the difference between the surface of the ocean and the geoid
- Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, a research effort that obtained digital elevation models on a near-global scale from 56 °S to 60 °N, to generate the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of Earth to date
- Topographic maps
- Topographic prominence, a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks
- Topography as the study of place, distinguished from the above by focusing not on the physical shape of the surface, but on all details that distinguish a place. Includes both textual and graphic descriptions.
Culture and media
- Topographical views
- Topography of Terror, an outdoor museum in Berlin
- New Topographics, an exhibition of photographic art in which the landscape was depicted complete with the alterations of humans
- Christian Topography, a 6th-century book written by Cosmas Indicopleustes which advances the idea that the world is flat
- The location of features in the body, see human brain and topographical codes
- Corneal topography, a non-invasive medical imaging technique for mapping the surface curvature of the cornea, the outer structure of the eye
- The study of feather tracts, see the list of terms used in bird topography
- Diffraction topography, an X-ray imaging technique based on Bragg diffraction, in which diffraction from a crystal is recorded on film or by detector, resulting in topographic images (topographs)
- The detailed design of a semiconductor integrated circuit, see integrated circuit layout design protection and the Integrated Circuit Topography Act
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