Topraisar

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Topraisar
Commune
Topraisar is located in Romania
Topraisar
Topraisar
Location of Topraisar
Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 28°27′00″E / 44.01000°N 28.45000°E / 44.01000; 28.45000Coordinates: 44°00′36″N 28°27′00″E / 44.01000°N 28.45000°E / 44.01000; 28.45000
Country  Romania
County Constanța County
Status Commune
Component villages Topraisar, Biruința, Movilița, Potârnichea
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Stelian (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 131.65 km2 (50.83 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total Decrease5,148
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primaria-topraisar.ro

Topraisar is a commune in the Constanța County, Romania.

The commune includes four villages:[2]

  • Topraisar (historical name: Crimean Tatar: Topraysar[3])
  • Biruința (historical name: Crimean Tatar: Muratan,[4] probably rounded out phonetically from Murat Han)
  • Movilița (historical name: Crimean Tatar: Musurat,[4] probably rounded out phonetically from Musavvirat;[5] for short periods in the 20th century it has also been named Regele Mihai and Filimon Sîrbu (1948-1964) )
  • Potârnichea (historical name: Crimean Tatar: Abdullahköy)[6]

Topraisar and the surrounding areas were the site of fierce fighting in 1916 during two battles of the World War I: the First and Second Battle of Cobadin.

Etymology[edit]

Topraysar is of Tatar origin and is rounded out phonetically from Top[5] Rayis[5] Hisar[5] meaning The Fortress of the President of the Union.

Top Rayis meaning The Elected Leader of the Union or The President of the Union appears to designate Queen Tomyris and it seems to stand also at the origin of Dobruja and the ancient city of Tomis.[7]

Some people believe that the name of the commune derivates from Toprak Hisar meaning Earth/Clay Fortress.[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Topraisar had 4,758 Romanians (92.42%), 3 Roma (0.06%), 17 Turks (0.33%), 359 Tatars (6.97%), 11 others (0.21%).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constanța County at the 2011 census" (PDF) (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.primaria-topraisar.ro/localizare.htm commune website (Romanian)
  3. ^ Lahovari, George Ioan; Brătianu, C.I.; Tocilescu, Grigore G. (1902). Marele dicționar geografic al Romîniei. V. București: Societatea Geografică Romînă. 
  4. ^ a b Lahovari, George Ioan; Brătianu, C.I.; Tocilescu, Grigore G. (1901). Marele dicționar geografic al Romîniei. IV. București: Societatea Geografică Romînă. 
  5. ^ a b c d Murat, Taner (2011). Dicționar tătar crimean-român, Kîrîm Tatarșa-Kazakșa Sózlík. Charleston, SC, USA: CreateSpace. ISBN 9781461083108. 
  6. ^ Lahovari, George Ioan; Brătianu, C.I.; Tocilescu, Grigore G. (1898). Marele dicționar geografic al Romîniei. I. București: Societatea Geografică Romînă. 
  7. ^ Murat, Taner (2012). Opening the Doors of Science. Iaşi: StudIS. pp. 99–104. ISBN 9786066242943. 
  8. ^ Seslisözlük dictionary, Entry for "toprak"
  9. ^ Seslisözlük dictionary, Entry for "hisar"