Torbat-e Heydarieh

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Torbat-e Heydarieh

تربت حيدريه
نمایی از تربت حیدریه.jpg
Torbat-e Heydarieh is located in Iran
Torbat-e Heydarieh
Torbat-e Heydarieh
Coordinates: 35°16′26″N 59°13′10″E / 35.27389°N 59.21944°E / 35.27389; 59.21944Coordinates: 35°16′26″N 59°13′10″E / 35.27389°N 59.21944°E / 35.27389; 59.21944
Country Iran
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountyTorbat-e Heydarieh
 (2016 Census)
 • Urban
140,019 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Torbat-e Heydarieh at GEOnet Names Server

Torbat-e Heydarieh (Persian: تربت حيدريه‎, also Romanized as Torbat-e Ḩeydarīyeh; also known as Torbat-e Heydari, Turbat-i-Haidari, Torbate Heydari, and Turbet-i-Haidari, and for short Torbat)[2] is a city and capital of Torbat-e Heydarieh County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 119,390, in 31,869 families.[3] The closest major city to Torbat is Mashhad and it is 157 Kilometers away.

The name Torbat in Persian means Burial place, thus the name of the city means Burial Place of Heydar named after Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar a Sufi mystic whose tomb lies in the heart of the city.

In ancient times this city was known as Zaveh and in the 19th century it was known as Torbat-e Ishaq Khan or Torbat-e Isa Khan after Ishaq Khan Qaraei the powerful chief of the local Qarai Turks who ruled as a semi-autonomous governor of Torbat-e Heydarieh and Khaf from 1801 to 1816.[citation needed] It derives its present name from the turbet or tomb of a holy man named Kutb ed din Haidar, the founder of the ascetic sect of dervishes known as the Haidaris. He died c. 1230 and is buried in a large domed building a short distance outside the town.[4]

The city is located in the center of Khorasan province in Iran. This city is famous for its Zafaran lands. It has the first rank in the world for producing Saffron or Zafaran in Persian.

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  2. ^ Torbat-e Heydarieh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3087658" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Turbet i Haidari". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411.


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