Torbat-e Heydarieh

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Torbat-e Heydarieh
تربت حيدريه
مزار قطب الدین حیدر
سقف آرامگاه قطب الدین حیدر
مزار شیخ ابوالقاسم گورکانی
نمایی از تربت حیدریه
the Capital of Persian Red Gold or the Capital of Red Gold of Iran or the Saffron City
Torbat-e Heydarieh is located in Iran
Torbat-e Heydarieh
Torbat-e Heydarieh
Coordinates: 35°16′26″N 59°13′10″E / 35.27389°N 59.21944°E / 35.27389; 59.21944Coordinates: 35°16′26″N 59°13′10″E / 35.27389°N 59.21944°E / 35.27389; 59.21944
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountyTorbat-e Heydarieh
 (2016 Census)
 • Urban
140,019 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Torbat-e Heydarieh at GEOnet Names Server
A room in Tabasi Caravanserai - Photo by Jalal Mirzaei
A room in Tabasi Caravanserai - Photo by Jalal Mirzaei

Torbat-e Heydarieh (Persian: تربت حيدريه, also Romanized as Torbat-e Ḩeydarīyeh; also known as Torbat-e Heydari, Turbat-i-Haidari, Torbate Heydari, and Turbet-i-Haidari, and for short Torbat)[2] is a city and capital of Torbat-e Heydarieh County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 119,390, in 31,869 families.[3] The closest major city to Torbat is Mashhad and it is 157 Kilometers away.

The name Torbat in Persian means Burial place, thus the name of the city means Burial Place of Heydar named after Qutb ad-Dīn Haydar a Sufi mystic whose tomb lies in the heart of the city.

In ancient times this city was known as Zaveh and in the 19th century it was known as Torbat-e Ishaq Khan or Torbat-e Isa Khan after Ishaq Khan Qaraei the powerful chief of the local Qarai Turks who ruled as a semi-autonomous governor of Torbat-e Heydarieh from 1775 to 1816.[citation needed] It derives its present name from the turbet or tomb of a holy man named Kutb ed din Haidar, the founder of the ascetic sect of dervishes known as the Haidaris. He died c. 1230 and is buried in a large domed building a short distance outside the town.[4]

The city is located in the center of Razavi Khorasan province in Iran. This city is famous for its Zafaran (Saffron) fields. Torbat-e Heydarieh is the world's largest Saffron (or Zafaran in Persian) producer[citation needed] hence the nickname "Capital of the Red Gold of Iran" has been given to it.


Following the Mongol invasion of Iran,[5] the people of Zaveh (Old Torbat) were the first victims of the Mongol invasion. At the same time, Qutbuddin Haidar, a famous sixth-century mystic who had long resided in the city of Zaveh, died. Torbat-e Heydarieh became a city after the Safavid period.[6] In fact, the city flourished about two hundred years ago, during the reign of Ishaq Khan Qaraei,[7] one of the Khans and political figures of the Qajar era. Ishaq Khan renovated and developed the city and it created such a massive change in the city that this city has become known as Ishaq Khan Torbat for a long time. Prior to World War II, the British and Russian consulates were located in Torbat-e Heydarieh[citation needed], in the Bagh-e-Soltani area of ​​the city, indicating the city's political and economic importance at the time.

Language and people[edit]

The people of Torbat Heydariyeh speak Persian and Khorasani dialect. The dialect of the people of Torbat Heydariyeh is very close to the dialect of other cities of Khorasan, especially the dialect of Mashhad. Books of poems with Torbati accent such as Samandar Khan Salar written by Ali Akbar Abbasi Fahandari and also Torbati shout by Mohammad Ghahraman have been written.[8]


According to the general census of 2016, the population of this city was 140,019 people (in 43,029 households), which in this regard is ranked fourth in the province.[9] The total population of Torbat Heydariyeh is 224,626 people. Until 1372, the city of Torbat Heydariyeh had the second largest population in the province of Greater Khorasan after Mashhad[citation needed], which was divided into 5 cities, making its population rank reduced.

Universities and higher education centers[edit]

Torbat Heydariyeh in recent years as a university hub in Khorasan Razavi, has good higher education facilities. Torbat Heydariyeh Higher Education Centers are:

Islamic Azad University Torbat Heydarieh[10]

Torbat Heydariyeh University[11]

Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences[12]

Mines and industries[edit]

Torbat Heydariyeh has two industrial towns and the most important industrial production units of the city include Torbat Heydariyeh Sugar Factory, Zarmehr Gold, Zarrin Tile, Kaolin Factory, also products such as milk and dairies, flour, cumin and cotton gin, animal feed and silk works are also produced in Torbat.[13]

Photo Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Torbat-e Heydarieh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3087658" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Turbet i Haidari". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 411.
  5. ^ "The Mongol Invasion of Eastern Persia 1220-1223 | History Today". Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  6. ^ "History of Iran: Safavid Empire 1502 - 1736". Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  7. ^ "شهرداری تربت حیدریه - شهرداری تربت حیدریه". 2018-12-10. Archived from the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  8. ^ "You are being redirected..." Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  9. ^ Retrieved 2022-01-10. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Islamic Azad University Torbat e Heydarieh - | Admission | Tuition | University". Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  11. ^ "University of Torbat-e Heydarieh (UTH)". Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  12. ^ "Torbat Heydarieh University of Medical Sciences".
  13. ^ "User contributions for Hogo-2020 - Wikipedia". Retrieved 2022-03-09.


External links[edit]