Toretsk

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Toretsk
Торецьк
Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
Church of St. Macarius in Toretsk
Flag of Toretsk
Coat of arms of Toretsk
Toretsk is located in Donetsk Oblast
Toretsk
Toretsk
Toretsk is located in Ukraine
Toretsk
Toretsk
Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 37°52′24″E / 48.39167°N 37.87333°E / 48.39167; 37.87333
Country
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
Donetsk Oblast
Toretsk Municipality
Founded1806[1]
City rights1938[1][2]
Government
 • MayorVolodymyr Sliptsov[3]
Area
 • Total62 km2 (24 sq mi)
Elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total31,513
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal code
85200—85279
Area code(s)+380-6247
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://toretsk-rada.gov.ua/

Toretsk (Ukrainian: Торе́цьк, romanizedToretsk, pronounced [toˈrɛt͡sʲk]; Russian: Торецк, romanizedToretsk), formerly Dzerzhynsk (Ukrainian: Дзержинськ, romanized: Dzerzhynsk; Russian: Дзержинск, romanized: Dzerzhinsk), is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 31,413 (2021 est.)[4]

History[edit]

"Toretsk is a town of miners" inscription - one of the symbols of Toretsk

The settlement Shcherbynovka was founded in 1806[1] in Russian Empire.

A local newspaper is published here since September 1936.[5]

In October 1938 the urban-type settlement Shcherbynovka became a city Dzerzhynsk, in honor of the founder of the Soviet secret police Felix Dzerzhynsky.[1][2]

In 1989, the population was 50,538 people.[2]

In 2013, the population was 35 296 people.[6]

Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Donetsk Oblast;[7][8] including former Dzerzhynsk.[9] On 11 July 2014 Ukrainian forces launched strikes against the separatists.[10] On 21 July 2014, Ukrainian forces secured the city from the pro-Russian separatists.[11][12][13] Toretsk is only a few kilometers away from the separatists-controlled Horlivka.[11]

Following the 2015 law on decommunization, the city council has decided on 16 October 2015 to rename the city to Toretsk.[14] The name was approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) on 4 February 2016.[15]

Because of the Russo-Ukrainian War the city has had its water supply cut multiple times.[16]

Nikolai Ryzhkov, a former Premier of the Soviet Union, was born in the city in 1929.

Demographics[edit]

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001, the majority of residents identified as ethnic Ukrainians and spoke Russian as their first language:[17]

Ethnicity[edit]

First language[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Дзержинск // Советский энциклопедический словарь. редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. 4-е изд. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1986. стр.387
  2. ^ a b c Дзержинск // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.386
  3. ^ Toretsk mayor suspected of infringing on territorial integrity of Ukraine, UNIAN (17 August 2016)
  4. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  5. ^ № 2683. Дзержинский шахтёр // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.352
  6. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.51
  7. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (16 April 2014). "Vladimir Putin is Accidentally Bringing Eastern and Western Ukraine Together". The New Republic.
  8. ^ "Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service".
  9. ^ "Ukrinform - Ukrainian National News Agency".
  10. ^ "Dzerzhynsk under heavy artillery fire - Jul. 11, 2014". 11 July 2014.
  11. ^ a b "War Grinds on: Volunteers doing work of government in Dzerzhynsk - May. 14, 2015". 14 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Separatists retreat from Dzerzhynsk - Jul. 21, 2014". 21 July 2014.
  13. ^ We Can Win After All, The Ukrainian Week (6 August 2015)
  14. ^ "Дзержинск решили переименовать в Торецк".
  15. ^ Decommunisation continues: Rada renames several towns and villages, UNIAN (4 February 2016)
    "Rada de-communized Artemivsk as well as over hundred cities and villages" (in Ukrainian). Pravda.com.ua. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  16. ^ "People in Toretsk struggle as shelling cuts off water supply (PHOTOS) - Nov. 27, 2016".
  17. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". Ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2022-03-16.