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== Early life ==
 
== Early life ==
Amos was born in [[Newton, North Carolina]]. When she was two, her family moved to [[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore]], [[Maryland]], where she began to play the piano. By age five, she had begun composing instrumental pieces on piano and, while living in [[Rockville, Maryland]], she won a full scholarship to the Preparatory Division of the [[Peabody Conservatory of Music]].<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50">{{cite book |last=Amos |first=Tori and Ann Powers |title= Piece by Piece |year=2005 |publisher=Broadway Books |location=New York |isbn=978-0-7679-1677-6 |pages=49–50}}</ref> Her scholarship was discontinued at age 11 and she was asked to leave. Amos has asserted that she lost the scholarship because of her interest in [[rock music|rock]] and popular music, coupled with her dislike for reading from sheet music.<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50"/> At the age of 14 she began playing at [[piano bar]]s, chaperoned by her father Bob.<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50"/>
+
Amos was born in [[Newton, North Carolina]]. When she was two and a thousand, her family moved to [[Baltimore, Maryland|Baltimore]], [[Maryland]], where she began to play the piano. By age five, she had begun composing instrumental pieces on piano and, while living in [[Rockville, Maryland]], she won a full scholarship to the Preparatory Division of the [[Peabody Conservatory of Music]].<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50">{{cite book |last=Amos |first=Tori and Ann Powers |title= Piece by Piece |year=2005 |publisher=Broadway Books |location=New York |isbn=978-0-7679-1677-6 |pages=49–50}}</ref> Her scholarship was discontinued at age 11 and she was asked to leave. Amos has asserted that she lost the scholarship because of her interest in [[rock music|rock]] and popular music, coupled with her dislike for reading from sheet music.<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50"/> At the age of 14 she began playing at [[piano bar]]s, chaperoned by her father Bob.<ref name="Amos 2005 49–50"/>
   
 
Amos first came to local notice by winning a county teen talent contest in 1977, singing a song called "More Than Just a Friend". As a senior at [[Richard Montgomery High School]], she co-wrote "[[Baltimore (Tori Amos song)|Baltimore]]" with her brother Mike Amos for a competition involving the [[Baltimore Orioles]]. The song won the contest and became her first single, released as a [[7" single]] pressed locally for family and friends during 1980 with another Amos-penned composition as a [[B-side]], "Walking With You". Prior to this period she performed under her middle name, Ellen, but permanently adopted Tori after a friend's boyfriend told her it suited her.<ref>{{cite book |last=Rogers |first=Kalen |title=Tori Amos All These Years: The Authorized Biography |year=1994 |publisher=Omnibus |location= |isbn=978-0-8256-1448-4 |pages=24–25}}</ref> At age 21, Amos moved to [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]] to pursue her music career after several years performing on the piano bar circuit of the [[Washington, D.C.|D.C.]] area.<ref>{{cite news|title=Tori Amos on Love Affair With the Piano |publisher = ABC News|url=http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/Playlist/tori-amos-reinvents-christmas-carols-album/story?id=9372307&page=1|accessdate =2009-12-18}}</ref>
 
Amos first came to local notice by winning a county teen talent contest in 1977, singing a song called "More Than Just a Friend". As a senior at [[Richard Montgomery High School]], she co-wrote "[[Baltimore (Tori Amos song)|Baltimore]]" with her brother Mike Amos for a competition involving the [[Baltimore Orioles]]. The song won the contest and became her first single, released as a [[7" single]] pressed locally for family and friends during 1980 with another Amos-penned composition as a [[B-side]], "Walking With You". Prior to this period she performed under her middle name, Ellen, but permanently adopted Tori after a friend's boyfriend told her it suited her.<ref>{{cite book |last=Rogers |first=Kalen |title=Tori Amos All These Years: The Authorized Biography |year=1994 |publisher=Omnibus |location= |isbn=978-0-8256-1448-4 |pages=24–25}}</ref> At age 21, Amos moved to [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]] to pursue her music career after several years performing on the piano bar circuit of the [[Washington, D.C.|D.C.]] area.<ref>{{cite news|title=Tori Amos on Love Affair With the Piano |publisher = ABC News|url=http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/Playlist/tori-amos-reinvents-christmas-carols-album/story?id=9372307&page=1|accessdate =2009-12-18}}</ref>

Revision as of 21:27, 9 December 2010

Tori Amos
Tori Amos Adelaide 2007.jpg
Background information
Birth name Myra Ellen Amos
Genres Alternative rock
Baroque pop
Electronica
Piano rock
Occupation(s) Musician, vocalist, songwriter, record producer
Instruments Piano, harpsichord, clavichord, Hammond organ, harmonium, Fender Rhodes, Wurlitzer, Kurzweil, clavinet, vocals
Years active 1986–present
Labels Atlantic (1988–2001)
Epic (2002–2008)
Universal Republic (2009–present)
Website toriamos.com
everythingtori.com

Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos; August 22, 1963) is an American pianist and singer-songwriter. She was at the forefront of a number of female singer-songwriters in the early 1990s and was noteworthy early in her career as one of the few alternative rock performers to use a piano as her primary instrument. Some of her charting singles include "Crucify", "Silent All These Years", "God", "Cornflake Girl", "Caught a Lite Sneeze", "Professional Widow", "Spark", "1000 Oceans", and "A Sorta Fairytale", her most commercially successful single in the U.S. to date.[2]

As of 2005, Amos had sold 12 million albums worldwide.[3]

Early life

Amos was born in Newton, North Carolina. When she was two and a thousand, her family moved to Baltimore, Maryland, where she began to play the piano. By age five, she had begun composing instrumental pieces on piano and, while living in Rockville, Maryland, she won a full scholarship to the Preparatory Division of the Peabody Conservatory of Music.[4] Her scholarship was discontinued at age 11 and she was asked to leave. Amos has asserted that she lost the scholarship because of her interest in rock and popular music, coupled with her dislike for reading from sheet music.[4] At the age of 14 she began playing at piano bars, chaperoned by her father Bob.[4]

Amos first came to local notice by winning a county teen talent contest in 1977, singing a song called "More Than Just a Friend". As a senior at Richard Montgomery High School, she co-wrote "Baltimore" with her brother Mike Amos for a competition involving the Baltimore Orioles. The song won the contest and became her first single, released as a 7" single pressed locally for family and friends during 1980 with another Amos-penned composition as a B-side, "Walking With You". Prior to this period she performed under her middle name, Ellen, but permanently adopted Tori after a friend's boyfriend told her it suited her.[5] At age 21, Amos moved to Los Angeles to pursue her music career after several years performing on the piano bar circuit of the D.C. area.[6]

Atlantic years (1986–2001)

Y Kant Tori Read

In 1986, Amos formed a music group, Y Kant Tori Read, the name of which was a reference to her days at the Peabody Conservatory, where she was able to play songs on her piano by ear, but was never successful at sight reading.[7] In addition to Amos, the group was composed of Steve Caton (who would later play guitars on all her subsequent albums until 1999), drummer Matt Sorum, bass player Brad Cobb and, for a short time, keyboardist Jim Tauber. Following several phases of writing and recording, during which Amos has since asserted that the band lost their musical edge and direction due to interference from record executives, in July 1988, the Y Kant Tori Read's self-titled debut album was released. Although its producer, Joe Chiccarelli, has stated that Amos was very happy with the album at the time,[8] it is now out of print and Amos has expressed no interest in reissuing it.[9] Following the album's commercial failure and the group's subsequent disbanding, Amos began working with other artists (including Stan Ridgway, Sandra Bernhard, and Al Stewart) as a backup vocalist. She also recorded a song called "Distant Storm" for the film China O'Brien; in the credits, the song is attributed to a band called Tess Makes Good.[10] It was the only song recorded by the band, and its only commercial release was in the film.

Solo career

Despite the disappointing reaction to Y Kant Tori Read, Amos still had to comply with her six record contract with Atlantic Records, who in 1989 wanted a new record by March 1990. The initial recordings were declined by the label, which Amos felt was because the album had not been properly presented.[11] The album was reworked and expanded under the guidance of Doug Morris and the musical talents of Steve Caton, Eric Rosse, Will MacGregor, Carlo Nuccio, and Dan Nebenzal, resulting in Little Earthquakes, an album recounting her religious upbringing, sexual awakening, struggle to establish her identity, and sexual assault.

Amos traveled to New Mexico with personal and professional partner Eric Rosse in 1993 to write and largely record her second solo record, Under the Pink. The album was received with mostly favorable reviews and sold enough copies to chart at #12 on the Billboard 200, a significantly higher position than the preceding album's position at #54 on the same chart.[12]

Amos performing on her Dew Drop Inn tour in 1996.

Her third solo album, Boys for Pele, was released in January 1996. The album was recorded in an Irish church, in Delgany, County Wicklow, with Amos taking advantage of the church recording setting to create an album ripe with baroque influences, lending it a darker sound and style. She added harpsichord, harmonium, and clavichord to her keyboard repertoire, and also included such anomalies as a gospel choir, bagpipes, church bells, and drum programming. The album garnered mixed reviews upon its release, with some critics praising its intensity and uniqueness while others bemoaned its comparative impenetrability. Despite the album's erratic lyrical content and instrumentation, the latter of which kept it away from mainstream audiences, Boys for Pele is Amos's most successful simultaneous transatlantic release, reaching #2 on both the Billboard 200 and the UK Top 40 upon its release at the height of her fame.[13][14]

Fueled by the desire to have her own recording studio to distance herself from record company executives,[15] Amos had the barn of her home in Cornwall converted into a state-of-the-art recording studio, Martian Engineering Studios. Amos enlisted principal band mates Steve Caton on guitars, Jon Evans on bass, and Matt Chamberlain on drums, with whom Amos would record her next two studio albums and embark on world tours.

From the Choirgirl Hotel and To Venus and Back, released in May 1998 and September 1999, respectively, differ greatly from previous albums as Amos's trademark acoustic piano-based sound is largely replaced with arrangements that include elements of electronica, dance music, vocal washes and sonic landscapes. The underlying themes of both albums deal with womanhood, and Amos's own miscarriages and marriage. Reviews for From the Choirgirl Hotel were mostly favorable and praised Amos's continued artistic originality. While not her highest chart debut, debut sales for From the Choirgirl Hotel are Amos's best to date, selling 153,000 copies in its first week.[16] To Venus and Back, a two-disc release of original studio material and live material recorded from the previous world tour, received mostly positive reviews and included the first major-label single available for sale as a digital download.[17]

Motherhood inspired Amos to produce a cover album, recording songs written by men about women and reversing the gender roles to show a woman's perspective.[18] That idea grew into Strange Little Girls, released in September 2001, one year after giving birth to her daughter. The album is Amos's first concept album, with artwork featuring Amos photographed in character of the women portrayed in each song. Amos would later reveal that a stimulus for the album was to end her contract with Atlantic without giving them new original songs; Amos felt that since 1998, the label had not been properly promoting her and had trapped her in a contract by refusing to sell her to another label.[19]

Epic Records years (2002–07)

With her Atlantic contract fulfilled after a 15-year stint, Amos signed to Epic in late 2001. In October 2002, Amos released Scarlet's Walk, another concept album. Described as a "sonic novel", the album explores Amos's alter ego, Scarlet, intertwined with her cross-country concert tour following 9/11. Through the songs, Amos explores such topics as the history of America, American people, Native American history, pornography, masochism, homophobia and misogyny. The album had a strong debut,[20][21] demonstrating that Amos' fan base remained intact through the label change. However, Scarlet's Walk is Amos' last album to date to reach certified gold status.[22]

Amos in concert in 2007.

Not long after Amos was ensconced with her new label, she received unsettling news when Polly Anthony resigned as president of Epic Records in 2003. Anthony had been one of the primary reasons Amos signed with the label and as a result of her resignation, Amos formed the Bridge Entertainment Group. Further trouble for Amos occurred the following year when her label, Epic/Sony Music Entertainment, merged with BMG Entertainment as a result of the industry's decline.[23] Amos would later hint in interviews that during the creation of her next album, those in charge at the label following the aforementioned merger were interested "only in making money", the effects of which on the album have not been disclosed.[citation needed]

Amos released two more albums with the label, The Beekeeper (2005) and American Doll Posse (2007). Both albums received mixed reviews, some of which stated that the albums suffered from being too long.[24][25] The Beekeeper was conceptually influenced by the ancient art of beekeeping, which she considered a source of female inspiration and empowerment. Through extensive study, Amos also wove in the stories of the Gnostic gospels and the removal of women from a position of power within the Christian church to create an album based largely on religion and politics. The album debuted at #5 on the Billboard 200,[26] placing her in an elite group of women who have secured five or more US Top 10 album debuts.[27] American Doll Posse, another concept album, was fashioned around a group of girls (the "posse") who are used as a theme of alter-egos of Amos's. Musically and stylistically, the album saw Amos return to a more confrontational nature.[28] Like its predecessor, American Doll Posse debuted at #5 on the Billboard 200.[12]

During her tenure with Epic Records, Amos also released a retrospective collection titled Tales of a Librarian (2003) through her former label, Atlantic Records; a two-disc DVD set Fade to Red (2006) containing most of Amos's solo music videos, released through the Warner Bros. reissue imprint Rhino; a five disc box set titled A Piano: The Collection (2006), celebrating Amos's 15 year solo career through remastered album tracks, remixes, alternate mixes, demos, and a string of unreleased songs from album recording sessions, also released through Rhino; and numerous official bootlegs from two world tours, The Original Bootlegs (2005) and Legs & Boots (2007) through Epic Records.

Universal Republic years (2008–present)

In May 2008, Amos announced that, due to creative and financial disagreements with Epic Records, she had negotiated an end to her contract with the record label, and would be operating independently of major record labels on future work.[29][30] In September of the same year, Amos released a live album and DVD, Live at Montreux 1991/1992, through Eagle Rock Entertainment, of two performances she gave at the Montreux Jazz Festival very early on in her career while promoting her debut solo-album, Little Earthquakes. By December, after a chance encounter with chairman and CEO of Universal Music Group, Doug Morris, Amos signed a "joint venture" deal Universal Republic Records.[31][32][33][34]

Abnormally Attracted to Sin, Amos's tenth solo studio-album and her first album released through Universal Republic, was released in May 2009 to mostly positive reviews. The album debuted in the top 10 of the Billboard 200,[35] making it the Amos' seventh album to do so.[36] Abnormally Attracted to Sin, admitted Amos, was a "personal album", not a conceptual one.[37] Continuing her distribution deal with Universal Republic, Amos released Midwinter Graces, her first seasonal album, in November of the same year. The album features reworked versions of traditional carols, as well as original songs written by Amos.[38]

During her contract with the label, Amos recorded vocals for two songs for David Byrne's collaboration album with Fatboy Slim, entitled Here Lies Love,[39] which was released in April 2010. In July of the same year, the DVD Tori Amos- Live from the Artists Den was released exclusively through Barnes & Noble. Currently, Amos is writing the music for Samuel Adamson's musical adaptation of the George MacDonald story The Light Princess for the Royal National Theatre, which is expected to debut in 2012, as well as on her own new project.

Discography

To date, Amos has released eleven studio albums throughout her solo career, nine of which were self-produced.

Additionally, Amos has released over 30 singles, over 60 B-sides, and has contributed to nine film soundtracks, including Higher Learning (1995), Great Expectations (1998) and Mission: Impossible II (2000) among others.

Tours

Amos, who has been performing in bars and clubs from as early as 1976 and under her professional name as early as 1991, remains one of the most active touring artists in the world, having performed more than 1,000 shows since her first world tour in 1992. In 2003, Amos was voted fifth best touring act by the readers of Rolling Stone magazine. Her concerts are notable for their changing set lists from night to night.

Little Earthquakes Tour 
Amos's first world tour began on January 29, 1992 in London and ended on November 30, 1992 in Auckland. She performed solo with a Yamaha CP-70 unless the venue was able to provide a piano.[40][41] The tour included 142 concerts around the globe.
Under the Pink Tour 
Amos's second world tour began on February 24, 1994 in Newcastle upon Tyne and ended on December 13, 1994 in Perth, Western Australia. Amos performed solo each night on her iconic Bösendorfer[citation needed] piano, and on a pianino during "Bells for Her". The tour included 181 concerts.
Dew Drop Inn Tour 
The third world tour began on February 23, 1996 in Ipswich, England, and ended on November 11, 1996 in Boulder. Amos performed each night on piano, harpsichord, and harmonium, with Steve Caton on guitar on some songs. The tour included 187 concerts.
Plugged '98 Tour 
Amos's first band tour. Amos, on piano and Kurzweil keyboard, was joined by Steve Caton on guitar, Matt Chamberlain on drums, and Jon Evans on bass. The tour began on April 18, 1998 in Fort Lauderdale and ended on December 3, 1998 in East Lansing, Michigan, including 137 concerts.
Five and a Half Weeks Tour / To Dallas and Back 
Amos's fifth tour was North America–only. The first part of the tour was co-headlining with Alanis Morissette and featured the same band and equipment line-up as in 1998. Amos and the band continued for eight shows before Amos embarked on a series of solo shows. The tour began on August 18, 1999 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida and ended on December 9, 1999 in Denver, including 46 concerts.
Strange Little Tour 
This tour was Amos's first since becoming a mother in 2000 and her first tour fully solo since 1994 (Steve Caton was present on some songs in 1996). It saw Amos perform on piano, Rhodes piano, and Wurlitzer electric piano, and though the tour was in support of her covers album, the set lists were not strictly covers-oriented. Having brought her one-year-old daughter on the road with her, this tour was also one of Amos's shortest ventures, lasting just three months. It began on August 30, 2001 in London and ended on December 17, 2001 in Milan, including 55 concerts.
On Scarlet's Walk / Lottapianos Tour 
Amos's seventh tour saw her reunited with Matt Chamberlain and Jon Evans, but not Steve Caton. The first part of the tour, which featured Amos on piano, Rhodes, and Wurlitzer, was six months long and Amos went out again in the summer of 2003 for a tour with Ben Folds opening. The tour began on November 7, 2002 in Tampa and ended on September 4, 2003 in West Palm Beach, featuring 124 concerts. The final show of the tour was filmed and released as part of a DVD/CD set titled Welcome to Sunny Florida (the set also included a studio EP titled Scarlet's Hidden Treasures, an extension of the Scarlet's Walk album).
Original Sinsuality Tour / Summer of Sin 
This tour began on April 1, 2005 in Clearwater, Florida, with Amos on piano, two Hammond B-3 organs, and Rhodes. The tour also encompassed Australia for the first time since 1994. Amos announced at a concert on this tour that she would never stop touring but would scale down the tours. Amos returned to the road in August and September for the Summer of Sin North America leg, ending on September 17, 2005 in Los Angeles. The tour featured "Tori's Piano Bar", where fans could nominate cover songs on Amos's website which she would then choose from to play in a special section of each show. One of the songs chosen was the Kylie Minogue hit "Can't Get You Out of My Head", which Amos dedicated to her the day after Minogue's breast cancer was announced to the public. Other songs performed by Amos include The Doors' "People are Strange", Depeche Mode's "Personal Jesus", Joni Mitchell's "The Circle Game", Madonna's "Live to Tell" and "Like a Prayer", Björk's "Hyperballad", Led Zeppelin's "When the Levee Breaks" (which she debuted in Austin, Texas, just after the events of Hurricane Katrina), Kate Bush's "And Dream of Sheep" and Crowded House's "Don't Dream It's Over", dedicating it to drummer Paul Hester who had died a week before. The entire concert tour featured 82 concerts, and six full-length concerts were released as The Original Bootlegs.
American Doll Posse World Tour 
This was Amos's first tour with a full band since her 1999 Five and a Half Weeks Tour, accompanied by long-time band mates Jon Evans and Matt Chamberlain, with guitarist Dan Phelps rounding out Amos's new band.[42] Amos's equipment included her piano, a Hammond B-3 organ, and two Yamaha S90 ES keyboards. The tour kicked off with its European leg in Rome, Italy on May 28, 2007, which lasted through July, concluding in Israel; the Australian leg took place during September; the North American leg lasted from October to December 16, 2007, when the tour concluded in Los Angeles. Amos opened each show dressed as one of the four non-Tori personae from the album, then Amos would emerge as herself to perform for the remaining two-thirds of the show. The entire concert tour featured 93 concerts, and 27 full-length concerts of the North American tour were released as official bootlegs in the Legs and Boots series.
Sinful Attraction Tour 
For her tenth tour, Amos returned to the trio format of her 2002 and 2003 tours with bassist Jon Evans and drummer Matt Chamberlain while expanding her lineup of keyboards by adding three M-Audio MIDI controllers to her ensemble of her piano, a Hammond B-3 organ, and a Yamaha S90 ES keyboard. The North American and European band tour began on 10 July 2009 in Seattle, Washington and ended in Warsaw on 10 October 2009. A solo leg through Australia began in Melbourne on 12 November 2009 and ended in Brisbane on 24 November 2009. The entire tour featured 63 concerts.

Award nominations

Group Year Award Work Result
MTV VMAs 1992 Best Female Video "Silent All These Years" Nominated
Best Cinematography in a Video Nominated
Best New Artist In a Video Nominated
Breakthrough Video Nominated
Grammy Awards 1995 Best Alternative Music Album Under The Pink Nominated
1997 Best Alternative Music Album Boys for Pele Nominated
1999 Best Alternative Music Album From the Choirgirl Hotel Nominated
Female Rock Vocal Performance "Raspberry Swirl" Nominated
2000 Best Alternative Music Album To Venus and Back Nominated
Female Rock Vocal Performance "Bliss" Nominated
2002 Best Alternative Music Album Strange Little Girls Nominated
Female Rock Vocal Performance "Strange Little Girl" Nominated
2003 Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Packaging Scarlet's Walk (deluxe edition) Nominated
Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical "Timo on Tori (Don't Make Me Come to Vegas)" Nominated

In print

Released in conjunction with The Beekeeper, Amos co-authored an autobiography with rock music journalist Ann Powers entitled Piece by Piece (2005). The book's subject is Amos's interest in mythology and religion, exploring her songwriting process, rise to fame, and her relationship with Atlantic Records.

Image Comics released Comic Book Tattoo (2008), a collection of comic stories, each based on or inspired by songs recorded by Amos. Editor Rantz Hoseley worked with Amos to gather 80 different artists for the book, including Pia Guerra, David Mack, and Leah Moore.

Other publications include Tori Amos: Lyrics (2001) and an earlier biography, Tori Amos: All These Years (1996). Additionally, Amos and her music have been the subject of numerous official and unofficial books, as well as academic criticism.[43][44][45]

Personal life

Amos is the third child of Rev. Dr. Edison and Mary Ellen Amos. She was born at the Old Catawba Hospital in Newton, North Carolina, during a trip from their Georgetown home in Washington, D.C.. Her maternal grandparents were of mixed European and Eastern Cherokee ancestry; of particular importance to her as a child was her grandfather, Calvin Clinton Copeland, who was a great source of inspiration and guidance to her as a young child, offering a more pantheistic spiritual alternative to her father and paternal grandmother's traditional Christianity.[46]

Early in her professional career, Amos befriended author Neil Gaiman, who became a fan after she referenced him in the song "Tear In Your Hand" and also in print interviews.[47] Although created before the two met, the character Delirium from Gaiman's The Sandman series (or even her sister Death) is inspired by Amos; Gaiman has stated that "they steal shamelessly from each other".[48] She wrote the foreword to his collection Death: The High Cost of Living; he in turn wrote the introduction to Comic Book Tattoo. Gaiman is godfather to her daughter and a poem written for her birth, Blueberry Girl, was published as a children's book of the same name in 2009.[49]

In June 1994, Amos co-founded RAINN, The Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network, a toll-free help line in the US connecting callers with their local rape crisis center. Amos, herself a survivor of sexual assault,[50] was seen as unlocking the silence of her assault through her music; thus "Unlock the Silence" went on to become a year-long campaign for RAINN when Amos became a national spokesperson for the organization. By the summer of 2006, RAINN had received its one millionth caller[51] and the organization's success has led to it ranking in "America's 100 Best Charities" by Worth, and one of the "Top 10 Best Charities" by Marie Claire.

Amos married English sound engineer Mark Hawley on February 22, 1998. Their only child, a daughter named Natashya "Tash" Lórien Hawley, was born on September 5, 2000. They divide their time between Sewall's Point in Florida and Cornwall in England.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Rogers, Kalen (1994). Tori Amos: all these years : the authorized illustrated biography. Omnibus Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-7119-4827-3. Retrieved March 25, 2010. 
  2. ^ McNair, James (2003-11-21). "Tori Amos: Fairy-tale endings". The Independent. London. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Piece By Piece Press Release". Retrieved 2007-10-08. 
  4. ^ a b c Amos, Tori and Ann Powers (2005). Piece by Piece. New York: Broadway Books. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-7679-1677-6. 
  5. ^ Rogers, Kalen (1994). Tori Amos All These Years: The Authorized Biography. Omnibus. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-0-8256-1448-4. 
  6. ^ "Tori Amos on Love Affair With the Piano". ABC News. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  7. ^ David Wallechinsky & Amy Wallace: The New Book of Lists. Canongate, 2005. ISBN 978-1-84195-719-7.
  8. ^ "Interview with Joe Chiccarelli". HitQuarters. 14 June 2010. Retrieved Aug 17, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Y Kant Tori Read quotes at hereinmyhead.com". Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  10. ^ "Soundtracks for China O'Brien at imdb.com". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2008-04-09. 
  11. ^ "Tori Amos' Track-by-Track Guide to "Little Earthquakes"". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  12. ^ a b "Tori Amos — Artist Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  13. ^ "The Billboard 200 - Chart Listing For The Week Of Feb 10 1996". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  14. ^ "everyhit.com". Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  15. ^ "Tori Amos — Inside her Martian Engineering Studio". SoundOnSound.com. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  16. ^ "Garth Boxes In Billboard 200's Top Slot". Billboard. 1998-05-14. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  17. ^ Ehrlich, Dimitri (1999-12-01). "Music's Digital Democracy". Interview. 
  18. ^ "Tori Amos Says Eminem's Fictional Dead Wife Spoke To Her". MTV. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  19. ^ Amos, Tori (2005). Tori Amos: Piece by Piece. New York: Broadway Books. pp. 314–315. ISBN 978-0-7679-1677-6.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  20. ^ "Chart Beat Bonus". 2002-11-08. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  21. ^ "E! News Em's "8 Mile" Outstrips Christina". E! Online. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  22. ^ "RIAA Gold & Platinum Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2010-07-25.  Note: User must define search parameters, i.e. "Tori Amos".
  23. ^ "The Record Industry's Decline". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  24. ^ "Tori Amos — The Beekeeper". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  25. ^ "Tori Amos — American Doll Posse". Slant. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  26. ^ "'O' Puts Omarion On Top". Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  27. ^ "Tori Amos To Release New Album American Doll Posse; To Launch World Tour in May 2007". Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  28. ^ The interview with Paul Tingen regarding American Doll Posse can be found here [1]
  29. ^ "Ask Billboard — TORI AMOS GETS GRAPHIC". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2008-07-01. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  30. ^ "Tori Amos Splits With Epic, Goes Indie". Billboard. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  31. ^ "Tori Signs With Universal Republic Records For Upcoming 2009 Album". Undented.com. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  32. ^ "Tori Amos Inks New Deal, Eyes Spring/Summer Release". spinner.com. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  33. ^ "Girls on Film: An Interview with Tori Amos". American Songwriter. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  34. ^ "Tori Amos Interview". The Red Alert. 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  35. ^ "Eminem's 'Relapse' Tops Billboard 200". Billboard. billboard.com. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  36. ^ "Tori Amos — Artist Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  37. ^ "Songs In The Key of Sin". Out Magazine. 2009-05-05. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  38. ^ "Tori Amos Gets Into Holiday Spirit For 'Midwinter Graces'". Billboard. billboard.com. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  39. ^ "News: Tori Connected With Byrne's "Here Lies Love"? (2008-03-24)". Undented.com. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  40. ^ "Read the article and see scans from a Tori/Ben Folds article in Keyboard Magazine". The Dent. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  41. ^ "Tori Amos — Little Earthquakes tour 1992". Yessaid.com. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  42. ^ "Undented". Undented. 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  43. ^ "Paul Gregory Attinello, Curriculum Vitae". [dead link]
  44. ^ Reed, S. Alexander (2008). "Through Every Mirror in the World: Lacan's Mirror Stage as Mutual Reference in the Works of Neil Gaiman and Tori Amos". ImageTexT. Department of English, University of Florida. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  45. ^ Burns, Lori and Woods, Alyssa (2004-06-21). "Authenticity, Appropriation, Signification: Tori Amos on Gender, Race, and Violence in Covers of Billie Holiday and Eminem". Music Theory Online. The Society for Music Theory. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  46. ^ Amos, Tori (2005). Tori Amos: Piece by Piece. New York: Broadway Books. p. 20. ISBN 978-0767916776.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  47. ^ Rogers, Kalen. Tori Amos: All These Years: The Authorized Biography. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8256-1448-4. 
  48. ^ Rogers, Kalen. Tori Amos: All These Years: The Authorized Biography. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-8256-1448-4. 
  49. ^ Sacks, Ethan (2009-03-15). "'Blueberry Girl', Neil Gaiman's favor for friend Tori Amos, is now a sensation". Daily News. New York. Retrieved December 1, 2009. 
  50. ^ Lis (2008-11-18). "How Tori Amos Survived Rape". HealthyPlace. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  51. ^ "RAINN Commemorates One Million Callers to the National Sexual Assault Hotline". RAINN. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 

External links

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