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|Elevation||1,403 m (4,603 ft)|
|English translation||तोरणा किल्ला|
|Language of name||Marathi|
|Location||Pune district, Maharashtra, India|
|Parent range||Sahyadri Range|
Torna Fort, also known as Prachandagad, is a large fort located in Pune district, in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is historically significant because it was the first fort captured by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1646, at the age of 16, forming the nucleus of the Maratha empire. The hill has an elevation of 1,403 metres (4,603 ft) above sea level, making it the highest hill-fort in the district. The name derives from Prachanda (Marathi for huge or massive) and gad (Marathi for fort).
This fort is believed to have been constructed by the Shiva Panth, followers of the Hindu god Shiva, in the 13th century. A Menghai Devi temple, also referred to as the Tornaji temple, is situated near the entrance of the fort.
In 1646, Shivaji captured this fort at the age of sixteen, thus making it one of the first forts that would become one of the forts of the Maratha empire. Shivaji renamed the fort ' 'Prachandagad' ' as Torna, and constructed several monuments and towers within it.
In the 18th century, the Mughal empire briefly gained control of this fort after assassination of Shivaji's son Sambhaji. Aurangzeb, the then Mughal emperor, renamed this fort Futulgaib in recognition of the difficult defense the Mughals had to overcome to capture this fort. It was restored to the Maratha confederacy by the Treaty of Purandar.
The fort is about 50 km via Pabe ghat southwest of Pune in the Western Ghats of the Sahyadri mountain ranges at the base village Velhe. One can go from Pune via Satara road and take right at Nasarapur village. This distance is near about 65km. It is the highest fort in Pune district.
The Torna Fort is a popular destination for trekkers specially after the south-west monsoon, from September to December. Trekkers can stay in the Menghai Devi temple. The Raigad, Lingana, Rajgad, Purandar fort, Sinhagad are seen from Torna.
- "chatrapati-shivaji". Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- A fort named after the eagle's nest :https://www.hindustantimes.com/pune-news/a-fort-named-the-eagle-s-nest/story-7b3HpQLxp9N2V6YkmQF4lO.html
- Agarwal, Rahul. "A REMARKABLE TORNA FORT |Travel guide-2020". Fort Trek. Fundaking Media Labs. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020.
Though the origin of this fort is not evident, many believe that it was constructed in the 13th century by Siva Panth, follower of the Hindu God Shiva. This was the first Fort captured by the Sovereign king, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1649. At his young age, Shivaji Maharaja conquered the fort from Adilshah of Vijapur, forming heart of the Maratha Kingdom. Torna Fort was one among the only two Maratha forts where Shivaji personally hoisted the saffron flag.
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