Tornado (sailboat)

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Tornado
Tornado insigna.png
Class symbol
Tornado catamaran.svg
Boat
Crew 2 (twin trapeze, since 2000)
Draft 0.15 m (6 in)
0.76 m (2 ft 6 in)
Hull
Hull weight 155 kg (342 lb) (boat weight)
6.3 kg (14 lb) (mast tip weight)
LOA 6.09 m (20.0 ft)
LWL 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
Beam 3.08 m (10 ft 1 in)
Rig
Mast length 9.08 m (29 ft 9 in)
Sails
Mainsail area 16.61 m2 (178.8 sq ft)
Jib/genoa area  5.33 m2 (57.4 sq ft)
Spinnaker area 25.00 m2 (269.1 sq ft)
Racing
D-PN 59.0
RYA PN 644
Former Olympic class

The Tornado is a double handed multihull class recognised as an International Class by the International Sailing Federation. It was used for the Catamaran discipline at the Olympic Games from 1976 to 2008.

Background[edit]

The boat was designed in 1967 by Rodney March from the Isle of Sheppey, England. At the IYRU Olympic Catamaran Trials for international status, it easily defeated the other challengers.[1]

To increase its performance even further, the Tornado was modified in 2000, with a new sail-plan which included a Spinnaker and Spinnaker boom, as well as an increased sail area of the existing sails. An additional trapeze was also added, and the jib was made self tacking.

One hull flying

The Tornado typically flies one of its two hulls; the crew balancing the boat with their own weight and by controlling the sails. With only one hull in the water, drag is significantly reduced. The Tornado also features an adjustable, rotating mast, which not only greatly improves the aerodynamics of the crucial leading edge of the sail, but also allows improved control over mast bend and thus mainsail flatness. For the high speeds and apparent wind directions seen by this high speed vessel, a flat sail profile is often required.

The Tornado is still among the fastest double handed catamarans, with an ISAF Small Catamaran Handicap Rating System rating of 0.934 and a D-PN of 59.0.[2] It is the fastest catamaran in the RYA Portsmouth Yardstick scheme, with a 2015 Portsmouth Number of 634.[3]

Events[edit]

Olympics[edit]

The Tornado was used as the equipment for the multihull discipline in the Olympic Games from 1976 through 2008, when multihulls were deselected. Please see the individual years for results Olympic Sailing Regatta

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1976 Montreal
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Reginald White
John Osborn
 United States (USA)
David McFaull
Michael Rothwell
 West Germany (FRG)
Jörg Spengler
Jörg Schmall
1980 Moscow
details
 Brazil (BRA)
Lars Sigurd Bjorkström
Alexandre Welter
 Denmark (DEN)
Peter Due
Per Kjergard
 Sweden (SWE)
Göran Marström
Jörgen Ragnarsson
1984 Los Angeles
details
 New Zealand (NZL)
Rex Sellers
Chris Timms
 United States (USA)
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser
 Australia (AUS)
Christopher Cairns
John Anderson
1988 Seoul
details
 France (FRA)
Jean Le Deroff
Nicolas Hénard
 New Zealand (NZL)
Chris Timms
Rex Sellers
 Brazil (BRA)
Lars Grael
Clinio Freitas
1992 Barcelona
details
 France (FRA)
Yves Loday
Nicolas Hénard
 United States (USA)
Randy Smyth
Keith Notary
 Australia (AUS)
Mitch Booth
John Forbes
1996 Atlanta
details
 Spain (ESP)
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
 Australia (AUS)
Mitch Booth
Andrew Landenberger
 Brazil (BRA)
Lars Grael
Henrique Pellicano
2000 Sydney
details
 Austria (AUT)
Roman Hagara
Hans Peter Steinacher
 Australia (AUS)
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
 Germany (GER)
Roland Gäbler
René Schwall
2004 Athens
details
 Austria (AUT)
Roman Hagara
Hans Peter Steinacher
 United States (USA)
John Lovell
Charlie Ogletree
 Argentina (ARG)
Santiago Lange
Carlos Espínola
2008 Beijing
details
 Spain (ESP)
Antón Paz
Fernando Echavarri
 Australia (AUS)
Darren Bundock
Glenn Ashby
 Argentina (ARG)
Santiago Lange
Carlos Espínola

After a break in 2012, the Olympic Catamaran Discipline was revived for the 2016 Summer Olympics with the new Nacra 17 class.


World Championships[edit]

Open[edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
1968 Kiel  Great Britain
Ian Tremlett
Bill Tremlett
1969 Melbourne  Australia
Maurice Davies
Ian Ramsay
 Australia
Jim Dachtler
 
1970 Eau Galle, Florida  United States
Paul Lindenberg
Jack Sammons
1971 Weymouth  Great Britain
Ian Fraser
Tim Coventry
1972 Travemünde  Austria
Robert Jessenig
Hans Polaschegg
 United States
John Weiser
 
 Great Britain
Ian Fraser
 
1973 Toronto  United States
Bruce Stewart
Bruce Harvey
 United States
John Weiser
Cappy Sheeley  
 United States
Roy Seaman
 
1974 Honolulu  Austria
Robert Jessenig
Hans Polaschegg
 United States
R Paul Allen
Woody Cox
 United States
David McFaull
Michael Rothwell
1975 Copenhagen  West Germany
Jörg Spengler
Jörg Schmall
 Great Britain
Reginald White
John Osborn
 United States
Bruce Badeau
Douglas Cummings
1976 Sydney  Great Britain
Reginald White
John Osborn
 Australia
Brian Lewis
Warren Rock
 Australia
Jim Dachtler
 
1977 Long Beach  West Germany
Jörg Spengler
Rolf Dullenkopf
 Australia
Brian Lewis
Warren Rock
 United States
Keith Notari
Dave Gamblin
1978 Weymouth  Soviet Union
Viktor Potapov
Aleksander Sybin (ru)
 Great Britain
Reginald White
Stephen Olle
 Australia
Brian Lewis
Warren Rock
1979 Kiel  Great Britain
Reginald White
Stephen Olle
 Denmark
Peter Due
Per Kjaergaard
 West Germany
Tobias Neuhann
Herbert Plenk
1980 Auckland  Soviet Union
Viktor Potapov
Aleksander Sybin (ru)
 Austria
Hans Prack
Gottlieb Peer
 West Germany
Jörg Spengler
Jörg Schmall
1981 Carnac  United States
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser
 Soviet Union
Jakov Kliver
Sergey Fogilev
 France
Yves Loday
Christian Buet
1982 Kingston  United States
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser
1983 Hayling Island  Australia
Christopher Cairns
Scott Anderson
 Netherlands
Willy van Bladel
Huub Lambriex
 France
Yves Loday
Franck Aussedat
1984 Melbourne  Australia
Christopher Cairns
Scott Anderson
 United States
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser
 Netherlands
Willy van Bladel
Huub Lambriex
1985 Travemünde  Great Britain
Robert White
Jeremy Newman
 United States
Randy Smyth
Jay Glaser
 Denmark
Paul Elvstrøm
Trine Elvstrøm
1986 Hamilton  Great Britain
Robert White
Jeremy Newman
 West Germany
Stephan Lange
Michael Starken
 Great Britain
Greg White
Daniel Campbell-Jones
1987 Kiel  Austria
Andreas Hagara
Roman Hagara
 Australia
Christ Cairns
John Forbes
 Italy
Giorgio Zuccoli
Luca Santella
1988 Tallinn  Soviet Union
Yuri Konovalov (sailor) (ru)
Sergey Kravtsov
 France
Jean-Yves Le Déroff
Nicolas Hénard
 Italy
Giorgio Zuccoli
Luca Santella
1989 Houston  Australia
Mitch Booth
John Forbes
 Italy
Giorgio Zuccoli
Angelo Glisoni
 Australia
Allan Goddell
Greg Cann
1990 Medemblik  France
Christophe Clevenot
Maurice Eisenblatter
 Australia
Brad Schafferius
Lachlan Gilbert
 Austria
Andreas Hagara
Roman Hagara
1991 Cagliari  Italy
Giorgio Zuccoli
Angelo Glisoni
 Italy
Walter Pirinoli
Marco Pirinoli
 Germany
Oliver Schwall
René Schwall
1992 Perth  Australia
Mitch Booth
John Forbes
 Germany
Oliver Schwall
René Schwall
 France
Frederic le Peutrec
Richard de Mec
1993 Long Beach  Germany
Oliver Schwall
René Schwall
 Australia
Mitch Booth
John Forbes
 France
Christophe Clevenot
Yvon Quernec
1994 Båstad  Spain
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
 Germany
Helge Sach
Jens-Christian Sach
 Australia
Mitch Booth
John Forbes
1995 Kingston  Italy
Walter Pirinoli
Marco Pirinoli
 France
Jean-Christofer Mourniac
Philippe Mourniac
 Spain
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
1996 Brisbane  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Frank Parlow
 Spain
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
 Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
1997 Hamilton  Germany
Roland Gäbler
René Schwall
 Spain
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
 Australia
Mitch Booth
Andrew Beashel
1998 Buzios  Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
René Schwall
 Spain
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
1999 Vallensbæk  Austria
Roman Hagara
Hans-Peter Steinacher
 Austria
Andreas Hagara
Wolfgang Moser
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
René Schwall
2000 Sydney  Germany
Roland Gäbler
René Schwall
 Austria
Roman Hagara
Hans-Peter Steinacher
 France
Jean-Christofer Mourniac
Philippe Mourniac
2001 Richards Bay  Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
 Austria
Roman Hagara
Hans-Peter Steinacher
 Great Britain
Hugh Styles
Adam May
2002 Edgartown  Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
 France
Olivier Backes
Laurent Voiron
 Netherlands
Mitch Booth
Herbert Dercksen
2003 Cádiz  Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
 Great Britain
Leigh McMillan
Mark Bulkeley
 Argentina
Santiago Lange
Carlos Espínola
2004 Palma de Mallorca  Argentina
Santiago Lange
Carlos Espínola
 United States
John Lovell
Charlie Ogletree
 Australia
Darren Bundock
John Forbes
2005 La Rochelle  Spain
Fernando Echavarri
Antón Paz
 Great Britain
Leigh McMillan
Will Howden
 France
Xavier Revil
Christophe Espagnon
2006 San Isidro  Australia
Darren Bundock
Glenn Ashby
 Argentina
Santiago Lange
Carlos Espínola
 Austria
Roman Hagara
Hans-Peter Steinacher
2007 Cascais  Spain
Fernando Echavarri
Antón Paz
 Belgium
Carolijn Brouwer
Sébastien Godefroid
 Netherlands
Mitch Booth
Pim Nieuwenhuis
2008 North Shore City  Australia
Darren Bundock
Glenn Ashby
 Canada
Oskar Johansson
Kevin Stittle
 France
Yann Guichard
Alexandre Guyader
2009 Bogliaco  Australia
Darren Bundock
Glenn Ashby
 Austria
Thomas Zajac
Thomas Czajka
 Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
2010 Travemünde  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Germany
Helge Sach
Christian Sach
2011 Biel  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Australia
Brett Burvill
Ryan Duffield
2012 Torbole  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Italy
Matteo Ferraglia
Lorenzo Bianchini
2013 Ibiza  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Australia
Brett Burvill
Faris Chase
2014 Nedlands  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Australia
Brett Burvill
Ryan Duffield
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
2015 Carnac  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Greece
Mavros Nikolaos
Tagaropoulos Alexandros
2016 Lindau  Greece
Iordanis Paschalidis
Konstantinos Trigkonis
 Australia
Gavin Colby
Billy Leonard
 Australia
Brett Burvill
Estela Jentsch

Mixed[edit]

Year
Gold Silver Bronze
2010 Travemünde  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Germany
Kiki Loweg
Florian Loweg
 Germany
Andreas Behem
Katharina Behem
2011 Biel  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Austria
Nicole Salzmann
Dietmar Salzmann
  Switzerland
Martin Rusterholz
Julia Rusterholz
2012 Torbole  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Germany
Dieter Maurer
Maren Odefey
 Spain
Jürgen Jentsch
Sarah Steimer Klees
2013 Ibiza  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
  Switzerland
Jean-Marc Cuanillion
Gudrun Kolb
 Greece
Maria Tsausidou
Michael Papadopolus
2014 Nedlands  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
 Spain
Jürgen Jentsch
Sarah Steimer Klees
 Greece
Maria Tsausidou
Marc Baier
2015 Carnac  Germany
Roland Gäbler
Nahid Gäbler
  Switzerland
Jean-Marc Cuanillion
Gudrun Kolb
 Czech Republic
Zdeněk Pavlis
Michaela Pavlisova
2016 Lindau  Australia
Brett Burvill
Estela Jentsch
 Greece
Maria Tsausidou
Michael Papadopolus
 Czech Republic
Zdeněk Pavlis
Michaela Pavlisova

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forbes, John; Young, Jim (2003). "A Brief Tornado History—The Story of the Tornado, the Olympic Catamaran". International Tornado Class Association. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  2. ^ "Multihull Classes". U.S. Sailing. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-01-20. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  3. ^ "Portsmouth Number List 2015" (PDF). Royal Yachting Association. 2015. Retrieved 2016-01-27. For any catamaran classes that do not appear on this list but that have a published SCHRS number on http://www.schrs.com/ratings.php it is possible to use a conversion factor of 675 as agreed between the Portsmouth Yardstick Group and SCHRS Technical Committee. To convert from SCHRS to PY, simply multiply the SCHRS number by 675 e.g: Tornado = 0.939(SCHRS) x 675 = 634 (PY) If using the conversion factor please return results to http://www.pys.org.uk using the correct class designation. 

External links[edit]