Tornadoes of 2019

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Tornadoes of 2019
2019 United States tornado count.png
A chart of the 2019 United States tornado count
TimespanJanuary 4 – ongoing
Maximum rated tornadoEF4 tornado
Tornadoes in U.S.223
Damage (U.S.)unknown
Fatalities (U.S.)27
Fatalities (worldwide)63

This page documents notable tornadoes and tornado outbreaks worldwide in 2019. Strong and destructive tornadoes form most frequently in the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, and Eastern India, but can occur almost anywhere under the right conditions. Tornadoes also develop occasionally in southern Canada during the Northern Hemisphere's summer and somewhat regularly at other times of the year across Europe, Asia, Argentina, and Australia. Tornadic events are often accompanied by other forms of severe weather, including strong thunderstorms, strong winds, and hail.

There have been 265 preliminary filtered reports of tornadoes in the United States in 2019,[1] of which at least 223 have been confirmed. Worldwide, 63 tornado-related deaths have been confirmed; 28 in Nepal, 27 in the United States[2], six in Cuba and two in Turkey.

Events[edit]

Fatal United States tornadoes in 2019
Tornadoes of 2019 is located in the United States
Feb. 23
Feb. 23
Mar. 3
Mar. 3
Approximate touchdown location of killer tornadoes in 2019
Summary of tornadoes
  • February 23 – Mississippi (1 death)[3]
  • March 3 – Alabama (23 deaths)[3]
Total Fatalities: 24


United States yearly total[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Enhanced Fujita rating
EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
7 89 94 28 4 1 0 223


January[edit]

There were 18 tornadoes reported in United States in January;[1] however, 19 have been confirmed.

January 19[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
1 2 7 1 0 0 0
High-end EF2 damage to a structure in Wetumpka, Alabama.

On January 19, the Storm Prediction Center issued a slight risk of severe weather for much of Mississippi and Alabama, along with parts of Louisiana, Georgia, and the Florida Panhandle. This included a 5% risk of tornadoes. A small tornado outbreak impacted the Deep South later that day. Five weak tornadoes struck Mississippi and Louisiana in the morning hours, including an EF1 tornado that destroyed a mobile home, destroyed a storage building, and caused considerable roof damage to surrounding homes northeast of Franklinton, Louisiana.[4] A high-end EF2 tornado caused significant structural damage in Wetumpka, Alabama. The First Presbyterian Church was destroyed and another church, the police station, a senior center, and several homes were severely damaged or destroyed. Four people were injured.[5][6][7] An EF1 tornado near Booth, Alabama destroyed a trailer, injuring two people inside.[5] Three other EF1 tornadoes touched down in Alabama and the Florida Panhandle, including one that caused damage at Tyndall Air Force Base. Overall, this outbreak produced 10 tornadoes and resulted in six injuries.[5][8]

January 24 (Turkey)[edit]

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 1 3 0 0 0

On January 24, Turkey was impacted by four tornadoes. Two people were killed and 11 injured by an F2 tornado in the Kumluca area of Antalya Province, where homes and businesses sustained major damage. Several vehicles and trailers were tossed and damaged by the tornado as well. One of the fatalities occurred when a man attempted to take shelter inside a metal cargo container at a construction site, while the other occurred as a result of a collapsed roof.[9][10] Another F2 tornado flattened a large swath of trees in a heavily forested area near Olympos, while an F1 near Kum damaged homes and greenhouses. In Sahilkent, an F2 tornado caused significant damage to vehicles as well.[11]


January 28 (Cuba)[edit]

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 0 0 0 1 0

A violent nighttime F4 tornado struck the eastern side of Havana, Cuba's capital city, killing 6 people and injuring 193 others, some critically. The large stovepipe tornado caused extensive damage as it moved through densely populated areas of the city. Numerous well-built masonry homes and businesses were badly damaged or destroyed, including 90 homes that completely collapsed, and 30 homes that were badly damaged or partially collapsed. Many vehicles were thrown into buildings, crushed by falling debris, or were tossed and mangled beyond recognition. Numerous trees and power poles were snapped as well. This was the strongest tornado to strike Cuba in nearly 80 years, when an F4 tornado struck Bejucal on December 26, 1940.[12][13][14][15][16]

February[edit]

There have been 29 tornadoes reported in the United States in February,[1] of which at least 25 have been confirmed.

February 23–24[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 2 3 1 1 0 0
EF3 damage to a grocery store in Columbus, Mississippi. One person was killed at this location.

On the morning of February 23, the Storm Prediction Center issued a moderate risk of severe weather. This included a 15% hatched risk area for tornadoes. The possibility of a few strong, long-tracked tornadoes was noted. On the evening of February 23, through the early morning hours or February 24, a small tornado outbreak occurred in portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. A large, rain-wrapped EF3 tornado touched down and struck the city of Columbus, Mississippi, damaging or destroying numerous homes and businesses in town. A church was largely destroyed, and the top of a cell tower was bent over. A large brick grocery store building was almost entirely leveled, resulting in one fatality. Nineteen other people were injured by the tornado.[17] An EF2 tornado also caused considerable damage to homes and trees as it clipped the west edge of Burnsville, Mississippi. In addition, an EF1 tornado near Kingville, Alabama downed hundreds of trees and destroyed a manufactured home. Overall, this outbreak produced 8 tornadoes, killed one person, and resulted in 19 injuries.[18]

March[edit]

There were 130 tornadoes reported in the United States in March,[1] of which at least 100 have been confirmed.

March 3[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 10 21 7 1 1 0
EF4 damage to a well-built brick home in Beauregard, Alabama. This home was anchor-bolted to its foundation.

On March 1, parts of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina were highlighted in a slight risk for severe weather by the Storm Prediction Center. On March 2, during the evening updated outlook, the Storm Prediction Center issued an enhanced risk from eastern-most Alabama, extending through central Georgia and into western South Carolina due to the risk of a few strong tornadoes. On March 3, the Storm Prediction Center maintained the enhanced risk area, which included a 10% hatched risk area for tornadoes. Later that afternoon and evening, a tornado outbreak occurred across parts of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina as numerous tornadic supercell thunderstorms overspread the region. A long-tracked and deadly EF4 wedge tornado killed 23 people as it decimated the rural community of Beauregard in Lee County, Alabama. Well-built homes were leveled, trees were debarked, and vehicles were lofted and mangled beyond recognition by this violent tornado. The tornado continued through western portions of Georgia, striking Talbotton at EF3 strength and causing major damage in that town before dissipating. In addition to the 23 fatalities, 97 people were injured by the tornado.[19][20][21] The Beauregard tornado ended the record-long 673-day streak without a violent (EF4 or EF5) tornado in the United States since the last one touched down near Canton, Texas on April 29, 2017. It was also the deadliest tornado to strike the United States since the 2013 Moore tornado.[22]

Near Eufaula, a high-end EF2 tornado caused major damage to structures and aircraft at Weedon Field, and also destroyed a fire station. Another EF2 tornado caused significant damage to homes, mobile homes, and vehicles near Fort Valley, Georgia, injuring one person. The town of Cairo, Georgia was also significantly impacted by an EF2 tornado, where homes and businesses were severely damaged and two people were injured. In Florida, two people were injured when an EF3 tornado destroyed multiple homes to the east of Tallahassee. In South Carolina, an EF2 snapped large trees and power poles, damaged a gas station, and injured four people near Clarks Hill. Numerous weak tornadoes also touched down, including an EF0 that struck downtown Macon, Georgia. Overall, this outbreak produced 40 tornadoes and killed 23 people. All of the fatalities from this outbreak occurred in Lee County, Alabama as a result of the long-tracked EF4 tornado that struck Beauregard.[23]

March 12–14[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 20 13 5 0 0 0

A three-day tornado outbreak affected various regions of the United States during mid-March of 2019. On March 12, an EF2 tornado impacted the city of Dexter, New Mexico. The tornado damaged or destroyed several homes and mobile homes in town, injuring 6 people. It was the earliest EF1 or stronger tornado in the state of New Mexico on record and also the first tornado in Chaves County during the month of March going back to 1959.[24] Another EF2 snapped numerous power poles near Malaga as well. Over the course of March 13, a few weak tornadoes touched down in parts of Texas, including an EF0 and an EF1 that struck the town of Junction, resulting in moderate damage. Another EF1 tornado blew off roofs in Zephyr. On March 14, the Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issued an enhanced risk of severe weather from northern Indiana and northwestern Ohio southward into northern Alabama. The most notable tornado of the day was a strong EF2 tornado that caused major structural damage to several homes and a church near Lovelaceville, Kentucky, before weakening and striking West Paducah, where a mall and several businesses sustained minor damage. The tornado narrowly missed the National Weather Service office in Paducah, and was caught on video by a meteorologist on duty.[25] Another EF2 tornado struck the small town of Vernon, Michigan, where homes had roofs and exterior walls removed and a business was destroyed. Many tornadoes touched down in Alabama on the evening of March 14, almost all of which were weak. However, an EF2 that passed near Titus severely damaged multiple homes and two convenience stores. Numerous other EF0 and EF1 tornadoes touched down in parts of Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan and Ohio as well. Overall, this outbreak produced 38 tornadoes and injured eight people.[26]

March 13 (Germany)[edit]

FU F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5
0 0 0 1 0 0 0

On March 13, a strong tornado touched down in extreme western Germany, very close to the border of Belgium. The tornado struck the town of Roetgen directly, where 40 homes were damaged, 10 of which were left uninhabitable. Two of these homes had their roofs completely destroyed, and several others sustained partial roof removal. Detached garages were destroyed, and structural debris and insulation was scattered throughout the damage path. Some debris was impaled into the exterior walls of damaged homes. Trees were snapped and uprooted, and metal street lamp poles were bent to the ground. Two warehouse buildings were also damaged, and vehicles were damaged by flying debris and falling trees as well. Five people were injured in Roetgen, four of which required hospitalization.[27][28] Based on the damage, the tornado was rated F2 in intensity.[29]

March 31 (Nepal)[edit]

On March 31, a destructive and deadly tornado tore through several villages of the Bara District and Parsa District of Nepal, killing 28 people and injuring 600. It was the country’s first ever recorded tornado.[30] Most of the dead and injured were poor and living in weakly-built houses that were destroyed. However, several well-constructed masonry structures, including a mosque, were completely leveled. Numerous trees were snapped and denuded as well.[31][32]

April[edit]

There have been at least 76 tornadoes reported in the United States in April;[1] however, 90 have been confirmed.

April 13–15[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
0 23 30 14 2 0 0
EF3 damage to the Caddo Mounds State Historic Site museum in Weeping Mary, Texas. One person was killed here and several others were injured.

On April 13, the Storm Prediction Center issued a moderate risk of severe weather for much of Louisiana, along with portions of Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi. This included a 15% hatched risk area for tornadoes. A highly sheared and unstable atmosphere in place over much of the Southern United States provided a favorable environment for supercells and tornadoes, including the potential for strong, long-tracked tornadoes. Throughout the afternoon and evening, a tornado outbreak unfolded as multiple significant tornadoes tracked through the outlined threat area. An EF3 tornado severely impacted the town of Franklin, Texas, destroying numerous homes and businesses, and injuring 12 people. Another long-tracked EF3 tornado struck Weeping Mary and Alto, destroying numerous homes and the Caddo Mounds State Historic Site museum, killing two people and injuring 20 more. Three separate EF2 tornadoes struck Vicksburg, Mississippi, damaging homes and businesses. A high-end EF2 also impacted Hamilton, destroying homes and a fire station, and killing one person there. Severe storms and tornadoes continued overnight into April 14 as the system pushed eastward, and an enhanced risk of severe weather was issued for parts of the Eastern United States, included a large 5% risk area of tornadoes extending from Georgia up to Pennsylvania. Widespread tornado touchdowns occurred in the threat area, though most were weak. However, an EF2 tornado struck Shelby, Ohio, where a Chevrolet dealership and several homes were significantly damaged, and six people were injured. A high-end EF2 tornado struck Starbrick, Pennsylvania as well, where a lumber company sustained major damage. A few additional tornadoes occurred into the early morning hours of April 15, including an EF2 that caused severe damage to homes and a warehouse near Laurel, Delaware. Overall, this outbreak produced 69 tornadoes, killing three people. Damage surveys are still ongoing.[33] [34][35]

April 17–19[edit]

EFU EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5
3 3 1 1 0 0 0

Tornado activity continued a few days later, accompanying a strong cold front across the southern Great Plains and into the Southeast. The Texas Panhandle and western Oklahoma were impacted on the afternoon of April 17, with five brief tornadoes causing little to minimal damage.[36][37] The next evening, about a half dozen tornadoes impacted the Jackson, Mississippi, area, some causing significant damage. One tornado in the Morton area of Scott County destroyed several homes and was rated high-end EF2.

The third day of activity occurred along the East Coast, with tornadoes reported from Florida to Virginia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Annual Severe Weather Report Summary 2019". Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  2. ^ "Annual U.S. Killer Tornado Statistics". Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Annual U.S. Killer Tornado Statistics". Storm Prediction Center. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  4. ^ NWS Damage Survey For January 19th Tornado Event (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in New Orleans, Louisiana. January 20, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c NWS Damage Survey For January 19th Tornado Event (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Birmingham, Alabama. January 21, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  6. ^ "Tornado damages 2 churches, police station and 25+ homes in Alabama town". Associate Press. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Damage from EF2 tornado reported in Wetumpka, Alabama". AccuWeather. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  8. ^ "NWS Damage Survey for 1/19/2019 Tornado Event". Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Office in Tallahassee, Florida. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Turkey Slammed by Storms, Tornadoes That Kill 2, Injure Dozens". Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  10. ^ "Tornado in Turkish Mediterranean kills 2, injures 11". Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  11. ^ "European Severe Weather Database". www.eswd.eu. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Havana tornado: Cuba's capital hit by rare twister". BBC News. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  13. ^ "The Latest: Havana hit by Category F3 tornado". StarTribune. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Huge tornado in Cuba kills 4 and injures 195". CNN News. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  15. ^ Cappucci, Matthew (28 January 2019). "A deadly tornado plowed through Havana on Sunday night. Here's how it happened". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  16. ^ "Death Toll Rises to Six From Rare Havana Tornado". Weather Underground. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Tornado hits Columbus Mississippi: One death confirmed, others injured". Clarion Ledger. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Tornado touches down in north Mississippi, damages reported". FOX 13 Memphis. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Tornadoes kill at least 23, injure dozens more in Alabama". NBC News. March 3, 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  20. ^ Miles, Frank (2019-03-03). "At least 23 dead, many injured, in apparent large tornado in Alabama, officials say; fatalities could rise". Fox News. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  21. ^ "NWS says Lee County tornado 'at least' an EF3 in preliminary assessment; more details Monday". AL.com. March 3, 2019. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  22. ^ Frazier, Stephanie (August 12, 2017). "NWS: Weekend tornado strongest to hit Van Zandt County in nearly a century". KLTV News. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  23. ^ https://apps.dat.noaa.gov/stormdamage/damageviewer/
  24. ^ NWS Damage Survey For 03/12/2019 Tornado Event (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Albuquerque, New Mexico. March 13, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  25. ^ NWS Damage Survey for 03/14/19 Cunningham KY Tornado Event (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Paducah, Kentucky. March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  26. ^ https://apps.dat.noaa.gov/stormdamage/damageviewer/
  27. ^ https://www1.wdr.de/nachrichten/sturmtief-franz-100.html
  28. ^ https://www.aachener-zeitung.de/nrw-region/tornado-zerstoert-dutzende-haeuser-in-roetgen_bid-37437297
  29. ^ https://rp-online.de/nrw/panorama/expertin-zu-sturm-in-roetgen-in-deutschland-gibt-es-keine-tornadoregion_aid-37449203
  30. ^ "Nepali scientists record country's first tornado".
  31. ^ "Most Bara 'tornado' victims were poor, with weaker homes". MSN.com. My Republica. Retrieved 11 April 2019. Text "6 " ignored (help)
  32. ^ https://www.nepal24hours.com/tornado-confirmed-in-bara-and-parsa-southern-nepal/
  33. ^ https://apps.dat.noaa.gov/stormdamage/damageviewer/
  34. ^ "Annual Severe Weather Report Summary". Storm Prediction Center. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  35. ^ "Deadly tornado strikes Mississippi, bringing weekend death toll to 3 - AccuWeather.com". m.accuweather.com. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  36. ^ NWS Damage Survey for 04/17/19 Tornado Event in Texas (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Amarillo, Texas. April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  37. ^ NWS Damage Survey for 04/17/19 Tornado Event near Shattuck, OK (Report). Iowa Environmental Mesonet. National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office in Norman, Oklahoma. April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.