Temporal range: Pleistocene - Recent
Lasiuromys Deville, 1852
These animals appear to be arboreal, based on the shape of their hind feet (Nowak, 1999). They are thought to spend the day in holes in the ground near trees.
There are currently five species recognized in the genus. Callistomys pictus was previously considered a member of this genus, but most authors consider it distinct enough to warrant a separate genus (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). Although tentatively considered an echimyine, Emmons (2005) and other authors as have suggested that Isothrix may not be particularly closely related to other members of its subfamily. There does, however, appear to be good support for the monophyly of the three species found in this genus (Emmons, 2005).
- Genus Isothrix
- Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- "New squirrel-like rodent discovered in Peru". New Scientist. 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
- Emmons, L.H. 2005. A Revision of the Genera of Arboreal Echimyidae (Rodentia: Echimyidae, Echimyinae), With Descriptions of Two New Genera. pp. 247–310 in Lacey, E.A. & Myers, P. 2005. Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography (A Celebration of the Career of James L. Patton). University of California Publications in Zoology.
- Nowak, Ronald M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1936 pp. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9