Toronto Area Control Centre

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Toronto Area Control Area center
Summary
Coordinates 43°40′17.7486″N 079°37′38.499″W / 43.671596833°N 79.62736083°W / 43.671596833; -79.62736083Coordinates: 43°40′17.7486″N 079°37′38.499″W / 43.671596833°N 79.62736083°W / 43.671596833; -79.62736083
Map
YYZ is located in Ontario
YYZ
YYZ
Location within Ontario

Toronto Area Control Center (ICAO: CZYZ) is one of 7 Area Control Centers in Canada operated by Nav Canada. The ACC is based in a building a short distance away from the control tower at Toronto Pearson International Airport at Britannia Road East and Midfield Road.

From this ACC, air traffic controllers provide en route and terminal control services to aircraft in the Toronto Flight Information Region (FIR). The Toronto FIR airspace covers most of Southern Ontario (the extreme southwest covered by Cleveland Air Route Traffic Control Center), Central Ontario, parts of eastern Ontario, and parts of Northwestern Michigan.[1] To the east are the Montreal Area Control Centre and Boston ARTCC; to the south are the Minneapolis Air Route Traffic Control Center, Cleveland Air Route Traffic Control Center, and New York Air Route Traffic Control Center; to the west is the Winnipeg Area Control Centre/FIR.

Aerodrome classes[edit]

The Toronto ACC assumes control of the following classes of airports:

Class C (Controlled, IFR/IFR, IFR/VFR and VFR/VFR separation, VFR: Mode C and ATC clearance required)

Class D (Controlled, IFR/IFR and IFR/VFR separation, VFR: 2-way communication required)

Class E (Controlled, only IFR/IFR spacing)

This FIR contains several Class G aerodromes that are in uncontrolled airspace and clearances are required to enter or leave controlled airspace.

Airports under these classes include:

Peripheral station (PAL) frequencies[edit]

Within each FIR, there are transmitter sites that allow the relay of distant communication from aircraft back to the ACC. These links are called a peripheral station[2] (PAL). They re-transmit the voice and data communication over high speed data links between the ACC and the remote transmitter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Federal Aviation Administration (Jan 5, 2017). "FAA IFR Enroute Aeronautical Charts and Planning Downloads" (Map). Enroute Low US31 (EFFECTIVE 0901Z 5 JAN 2017 TO 0901Z 2 MAR 2017 ed.). 1 inch = 12 nautical miles. United States and Canada: United States Federal Aviation Administration. FAA Product ID: ELUS 31. 
  2. ^ Glossary for Pilots and Air Traffic Services Personnel from Transport Canada