The main entrance to the Toronto Zoo
|Date opened||August 15, 1974|
|Location||2000 Meadowvale Rd|
Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Land area||287 hectares (710 acres)|
|No. of animals||5,000+|
|No. of species||460+|
|Annual visitors||1,462,910 (2013)|
|Memberships||CAZA, WAZA, AZA|
|Owner||City of Toronto government|
|Public transit access||85B Sheppard East, 86A Scarborough|
The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Encompassing 287 hectares (710 acres), the Toronto Zoo is the largest zoo in Canada. It is divided into seven zoogeographic regions: Indo-Malaya, Africa, Americas, Tundra Trek, Australasia, Eurasia, and the Canadian Domain. Some animals are displayed indoors in pavilions and outdoors in what would be their naturalistic environments, with viewing at many levels. It also has areas such as the Kids Zoo, Waterside Theatre, and Splash Island. It has one of the most taxonomically diverse collection of animals on display of any zoo; it is currently home to over 5,000 animals (including invertebrates and fish) representing over 500 species. The zoo is open to the public every day of the year except December 25.
The zoo is owned by the City of Toronto government. Founded by Hugh A. Crothers, an industrialist who became the first Chairman of the Metro Toronto Zoological Society in 1966, the zoo opened on August 15, 1974, as the Metropolitan Toronto Zoo. The word "Metropolitan" was dropped from its name when the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was amalgamated into the current city in 1998. The zoo is located near the Rouge River on the western border of Rouge Park in the city's east end district of Scarborough.
- 1 History
- 2 Exhibits
- 3 Conservation
- 4 Controversies
- 5 Media
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Around 1880, businessman Harry L. Piper (1839–1921) established a Zoological and Acclimatization Society (also as Toronto Zoological Garden) and open a zoological gardens at Old Post Office Lane at Toronto Street north of King Street East, then in 1881 to a lot at Front Street and York Street next to the Queen's Hotel and finally to the eastern end of the Exhibition Grounds in 1885. Piper was also Alderman for St. John's Ward from 1877 to 1880 and 1883–1888.
In 1888, the Riverdale Zoo opened in Toronto, as a typical example of a zoo during this time, with animals displayed as curiosities in dark cages and cramped enclosures. Animals for Piper's zoo moved to this site.
In 1963, a private citizen's brief to build a new zoo was introduced by Hugh Crothers to the Chairman of the Council of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto, William Allen. Allen asked Crothers to head up a committee to investigate the feasibility of a new zoo. By 1966, a group of eleven people became The Metro Toronto Zoological Society with Crothers as the first Chairman.
Original plans were to have the park located at the Leaside area, but the site was later used to create the E.T. Seton Park. In 1966, Mr. Crothers and the 10 other citizens met at City Hall to form the Metropolitan Toronto Zoological Society. In 1967, the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto approved the Rouge Park site in Scarborough for a new zoo. The following year, a feasibility study on the new zoo was produced by architect Raymond Moriyama. In 1969, a master plan was created by Johnson Sustronk Weinstein and Associates that was approved by the Zoological Society. Construction of the new zoo began in 1970. On August 15, 1974, the Metropolitan Toronto Zoo was open to the public. The zoo increased from the original Riverdale Zoo's 3 hectares (7.4 acres) to 287 hectares (710 acres), and is now one of the largest zoos in the world. The Zoo introduced some designs to enhance the public's viewing experience and the animals' living comfort. Animals were displayed in naturalized environments and grouped according to their zoogeographic region. The old zoo was converted into an urban farm called Riverdale Farm, which opened in 1978.
In 1976, the Zoo opened the Canadian Domain Ride, a monorail that traveled into the Zoo's Canadian Domain area, located in the Rouge Valley. The rides operations were placed on hold in July 1994 after an accident. The monorail has since been mothballed with many sections becoming overgrown with vegetation. A 2009 study determined it would cost upwards of $800,000 to return the infrastructure to use and upgrade it to current standards. A fundraising drive was started in 2010 and has since raised $1.15 million. Plans are to have the monorail functional and running by 2018. In the interim, the current Zoomobile uses five (4-car set) Chance Coach Sunliner trams.
Between 1980 and 1984, several new exhibits were added to the zoo, including gaur, a children's zoo (Littlefootland) that does not exist anymore, and a new indoor habitat for African elephants, snow leopards and the Indian Rhinoceros Pavilion, as well as, the official opening of the Zoomobile.
In 1985, Qing Qing and Quan Quan – a pair of giant pandas, on loan for three months from the People's Republic of China, were displayed at the Zoo. The Zoo broke all previous attendance records as thousands of visitors came to see these rare animals. Over the years, the Zoo has presented other rare or unusual animals, including golden monkeys (1986), koalas (1988, 1996, 2002), Tasmanian devils (the late 1970s until 1998), white lions (1995, 2012), and walruses (2020).
In 1987, the zoo opened the Maya Temple exhibit and Wolf Woods exhibit. In 1988, the zoo completed new reptile exhibits in the Australasia Pavilion and the Primate Wing in the Americas Pavilion. Caracal lynx exhibit opened in 1989, the year after the spotted-neck otter exhibit opened.
In 1993, the red panda exhibit re-opened and the Malayan Woods Pavilion opened. The sumatran tigers arrived in 1994. Naked mole-rats went on exhibit in 1996. Komodo dragons become a feature exhibit in 1997.
In 1998, with the amalgamation of the individual municipalities that made up Metro Toronto, the Zoo was officially renamed the Toronto Zoo. That same year, the Zoo opened the Africa Savannah exhibits, the largest expansion in its history. In 2001, the zoo added eyelash vipers to its collection and opened the Gorilla Rainforest, the world's largest indoor habitat for western lowland gorilla. The zoo's 'Splash Island', an educationally-themed water play area, opened in 2002. This was followed by an open-air amphitheatre in 2003 and the 'Kid's Zoo' in 2004 featuring exhibits geared to guests 10 years of age and under.
While the SARS crisis in 2003 had a devastating effect on the tourism industry in Toronto, the Zoo fared well with local residents supporting the zoo by visiting often. The Zoo's attendance has recovered well with many record-breaking annual attendance numbers since then.
In November 2006, the Toronto Zoo temporarily closed the Australasia Pavilion for redevelopment. The pavilion underwent two years of construction, resulting in new exhibits including a Great Barrier Reef area (where the former Edge of Night exhibit used to be). The Great Barrier Reef exhibit consists of a large seven-metre-long community tank featuring brownbanded bamboo sharks, damselfish, and angel fish. There is also a lion fish, as well as enlarged seahorse tanks. Coral and moon jelly fish have also been added to the collection—both firsts for the Toronto Zoo. This pavilion reopened on May 16, 2008.
In May 2007, Dinosaurs Alive opened, which featured 18 animated dinosaur models and life-size skeleton replicas. It featured the largest T-Rex in North America. This exhibit was enjoyed by over 600,000 visitors and was included with zoo admission. The exhibit closed in October 2007. On August 21, 2007, the polar bear, llama, Dall sheep and mara exhibits were closed for the construction of the new 10-acre (4.0 ha) Tundra Trek area. This project was the first phase of the North Zoo Site Redevelopment Project. Tundra Trek features new exhibits for the popular polar bear, reindeer, Arctic fox, Arctic wolf and snowy owl. Coming back to take up residence in the new polar bear exhibit were 3 orphaned polar bears initially raised at the zoo and named by the community: Aurora, Nikita, and Inukshuk. The Tundra Trek opened on August 1, 2009.
On May 16, 2008, Stingray Bay opened for the first time. This interactive exhibit allowed the public to touch, feel, and feed live stingrays. It returned several times but closed indefinitely on October 8, 2012. In September 2008, the Toronto Zoo Board approved a motion to dissolve the Toronto Zoo Foundation and bring fundraising and development in-house. All parties agreed to the transfer of existing donor funds to the Toronto Community Foundation.
On August 15, 2009, the Toronto Zoo celebrated its 35-year anniversary. During that weekend the public got to learn about some of the zoos oldest residents, including; Marg the demoiselle crane and Monty the West African dwarf crocodile. On September 9, 2009, the south side of the African Rainforest Pavilion was closed for construction. During construction, one of the mandrills scheduled to move into the new area died, and the rest were moved to another zoo. The pavilion opened in early 2011, with new exhibits for pygmy hippos, red river hogs, Nile softshell turtle, and lemurs instead of the mandrills, as well as a variety of exhibits for fish and reptiles.
The Frank Schofield Memorial/Asian Gardens opened the first phase in June 2010, and includes a statue erected in Schofield's honour.
On May 21, 2011, the black-footed penguin exhibit opened to the public. This exhibit once was the old South African cape fur seal exhibit and it was closed in 2010 and modified to house black-footed penguins. In 2011, the city started looking at the process of selling the zoo to a third party after Toronto Mayor Rob Ford claimed there were many interested buyers. This process was short-lived with the city later deciding the zoo will remain an entity of the city.
In April 2012, the zoo lost its accreditation in the Association of Zoos and Aquariums due to a disagreement regarding sending its three elephants to PAWS, an animal sanctuary in California that is not AZA accredited. The zoo began looking for a new accredited home for its elephants in October 2011, but the Toronto city council voted to send the elephants to California instead, ignoring the recommendations of the zoo's professional staff. The zoo may re-apply for AZA accreditation in March 2013. The three elephants were transported to the PAWS sanctuary in California on October 16, 2013.
In 2012, on a trade mission to China, it was announced that the Toronto Zoo and the Calgary Zoo would be lent two giant pandas from China for the span of ten years, with the pandas splitting the time equally between the two facilities. The pandas, named Er Shun and Da Mao, arrived at the Toronto Zoo on Monday, March 25, 2013, greeted by prime minister Stephen Harper. Their exhibit opened on May 18, 2013. The pandas originated the Chongqing Zoo and Chengdu Panda Base, residing in Toronto from 2013 to spring of 2018; moving thence to the Calgary Zoo for 2018 through 2022. In October 2013, Er Shun gave birth to twin cubs (see below). The exhibit closed on March 18, 2018.
In April 2016, plans to install a maglev operation to replace the Zoo Domain Ride surfaced. Plans have been confirmed in November 2018 with the consortium (which includes Magna and Lockheed Martin) paying for the first 15 years of operation.
On May 11, 2017, over 400 employees went on strike, and zoo management decided to close the zoo, due to job security negotiations falling out, though conservation programs continued. During the strike, three snow leopard cubs, two clouded leopard cubs, five cheetah cubs, and three Vancouver Island marmot pups were born. The strike ended on June 15, 2017, after the Union and Zoo Board of Management signed and ratified a four-year agreement.
- North Zoo Redevelopment Project: (The animal listed in brackets may be getting new exhibits)
- Phase One: Tundra Trek (Polar bears, Arctic wolves, and reindeer get new exhibits, as well as the addition of snowy owls, snow geese, and Arctic foxes); opened on August 1, 2009.
- Phase Two: Eurasia (Snow leopards moved into a new exhibit, and a giant panda breeding centre opened.) Opened in October 2014.
- Phase Three: Mixed Wood/Boreal Forests (moose, wood bison, grizzly bears, and Vancouver Island marmots).
- Phase Four: Tropical Americas (the conversion of the Americas Pavilion to Tropical Americas)
- Giraffe House Refurbishment
- Wildlife Health Centre
- New front entrance
- Education centre
- Orangutan Complex
- Maglev to replace the Zoo Domain ride
The Toronto Zoo is divided up into seven different geographic regions. Each region showcases animals and plants from that area of the world.
The Indo-Malayan area contains two pavilions that exhibit plants and animals from South and Southeast Asia. There are four outdoor exhibits in this area. Featured animals in this area include Indian rhinos, babirusa, Sumatran orangutans, Mandarin ducks, spiny turtles, rare Sumatran tigers, and various freshwater fish. The Malayan Woods Pavilion houses butterflies, whistling ducks, red-tailed green rat snakes, and clouded leopards.
Opened in 1998, the African Savanna became the zoo's largest expansion in history. The African Savanna combined with the African Rainforest Pavilion encompasses most of the southern third of the zoo. The African Savanna featured species include white lions, Grévy's zebras, olive baboons, greater kudus, cheetahs, white rhinoceroses, river hippopotamuses, spotted hyenas, African penguins and masai giraffe. The African Rainforest Pavilion holds the world's largest indoor gorilla exhibit, home to Charles, as well as dozens of other more sensitive African species, including meerkats, red river hogs, West African dwarf crocodiles, and pygmy hippopotamuses. The south side of the African Rainforest Pavilion underwent extensive renovations in 2009 and 2010, and opened in the spring of 2011. The south side of the pavilion is completely refurbished and showcases ring-tailed lemurs and Aldabra tortoises.
The Toronto Zoo received three white African lion cubs in 2012 to replace the single white lioness the zoo had since 1996.
The Canadian Domain is situated in the Rouge Valley. The animals in this area will all be regrouped onto the table land. The Canadian Domain was built in accompaniment with the Canadian Domain Ride, which exhibited North American animals in their native environment. Featured species in this area include wood bison, moose, bald eagles, cougars, lynxes, raccoons, and grizzly bears. The Toronto Zoo is currently participating in a breeding program for the Canadian bison. Canadian Domain is slated to be moved onto the zoo's tableland in coming years and renamed Canadian Wilderness.
This area of the zoo houses animals from both North and South America. Animals include several species of New World monkeys. The Americas Pavilion displays a wide variety of amphibians, reptiles, fish, and insects. Some of its most popular residents are the common marmosets, golden lion tamarins, Linnaeus's two-toed sloths, American alligators, beavers, river otters and a giant Pacific octopus. The Mayan Temple Ruins features jaguars, capybaras, macaws, spider monkeys, and American flamingos. The Americas Pavilion houses the majority of the zoo's reptile and amphibian collection, as well as a large number of its invertebrates, and was the designated area for the 2008 Year of the Frog conservation project. In 2006, a two-toed sloth was born; this was the first birth of this species at the zoo. The Americas Pavilion will undergo a transition as per the North Zoo Site Redevelopment from the Americas Pavilion to the Tropical American Pavilion. Some Americas animals will be relocated with this redevelopment project.
The Australasian Pavilion features animals from the Australian mainland, as well as surrounding islands. Featured species in this area include thorny devil stick insects, a variety of small Australian reptiles, Western grey kangaroos, wallabies, echidnas, southern hairy-nosed wombats, kookaburras, red-tailed black cockatoos, Matschie's tree-kangaroos, and Komodo dragons. The Komodo dragons were donated to the zoo as a gift from the President of Indonesia. This pavilion once had an "Edge of Night" section to highlight crepuscular and nocturnal marsupials, but this was later converted into the Great Barrier Reef exhibit featuring seahorses, a live coral and jellyfish tank, lionfish, brownbanded bamboo sharks, and a 7-metre (23 ft) long community tank. The exhibits inside the pavilion also received facelifts during the transition, including and outdoor area for the hairy-nosed wombats and swamp wallabies.
Often regarded as the oldest part of the zoo, Eurasia received a large overhaul in 2014. The featured species in this section of the zoo are snow leopards, west caucasian tur, mouflon, chamois, red pandas, and Bactrian camels. With the area's redesign to the Eurasia Wilds Steller's sea eagles were added; while several other species are now only viewable from the Zoomobile, including lion-tailed macaques, yak, and a demoiselle crane, as well as the herd of Przewalski's horses.
From May 18, 2013 to March 18, 2018, the area included two giant pandas: Er Shun (female) and Da Mao (male). With the pandas' arrival, the zoo has refurbished its seasonal attraction area into an extensive educational centre – the Giant Panda Interpretive Centre. In 2014, after her first estrus, Er Shun was artificially inseminated – the first such procedure performed on a panda in Canada. No baby was born in 2014 and it was believed that Er Shun experienced a pseudopregnancy, a phenomenon common in giant pandas. In 2015, Er Shun was again artificially inseminated, resulting in the first birth of giant pandas in Canada. Twins cubs, one male (later named "Jia Panpan" indicating "Canadian Hope") and one female ("Jia Yueyue" indicating "Canadian Joy"), were born on October 13, 2015. The cubs were raised by Er Shun, with "twin swapping" occurring through the first four months of their lives until they were large and healthy enough that zoo staff were confident of their survival.
After the closing of some of the Americas animal exhibits in 2007, the Tundra Trek opened on August 1, 2009. This area became the sixth region of the zoo, and showcases a variety of Arctic animals including reindeer, polar bears, snowy owls, snow geese, Arctic foxes, and Arctic wolves. The new state-of-the-art exhibits are larger in order to encourage breeding. Educational theming emphasizes the lives of the Inuit and the effects of climate change.
This area is geared towards children by featuring educational themes and exhibits. The most prominent area is a children's water park, Splash Island, which features landscaping and themed objects depicting the three states of water: solid (ice), liquid, and gas. Exhibits are grouped around variously themed groups of aquatic animals, including rivers, lakes, and oceans. Waterside Theatre is an open-air venue where live demonstrations of a variety of animals are shown, including alpacas, goats, falcons, turkey vultures, hawks, skunks, ferrets, and abyssinian ground hornbills. A third area, the Kids Zoo, consists of a variety of animals that children can interact with, such as guinea pigs, ravens, and a secretary bird. The Discovery Zone also hosted Dinosaurs Alive and the Stingray Bay exhibit for their respective durations.
It was originally known as the Zellers Discovery Zone, named after Hudson's Bay Company-owned discount department store sponsor Zellers, which later became defunct in 2013 upon Target Canada's purchase of Zellers' leases.
The Toronto Zoo makes considerable effort to conserve endangered species from around the world with the help of other accredited zoos. Captive breeding is often considered one of the most difficult and elusive rewards of captive animal care, but the Toronto Zoo's efforts have been met with much success, and even resulted in the re-introduction of many species.
Some of the conservation initiatives that the Toronto Zoo has participated in are as follows:
- The Toronto Zoo was the first zoo to establish a captive-breeding program for black-footed ferrets with the goal of releasing them back into their wild habitat and, after years of successful breeding, had released more than 120 animals by 2011. This included re-introducing the ferrets, which had been extinct in the wild, to Saskatchewan's Grasslands National Park beginning in 2009.
- The zoo has rescued polar bears from the wild: two in 2001, later named Aurora and Nikita and one in 2003, later named Inukshuk.
- In 2008, the Toronto Zoo participated in 2008 Year of the Frog, where researchers were sent to study a deadly fungus causing problems to amphibians and reptiles worldwide.
- The Toronto Zoo has acted and continues to act in the captive breeding, and re-introduction into the wild of critically endangered and otherwise threatened Canadian species, including the Vancouver Island marmot, loggerhead shrike, and Blanding's turtle, as well as Great Lakes fishes. The zoo also runs a program for habitat preservation within the Great Lakes Region, focusing on the protection of endemic species of freshwater mussels. In the past, the zoo contributed heavily to increasing the numbers of threatened species, including the wood bison and the trumpeter swan.
- The Toronto Zoo has actively contributed to international conservation efforts and reintroduction programs, including for the Puerto Rican crested toad, and for fish in the African Great Lakes (including the Singidia tilapia, or ngege).
- The zoo has bred additional rare Ontario species such as the redside dace and eastern massasauga rattlesnake.
- One zoo staff member has been key in preservation of critically endangered Malagasy freshwater fish species, both at the zoo and in Madagascar.
The Toronto Zoo has been collecting and recycling cell phones since 2006. In 2010, it was awarded the distinction of being the top cell phone recycler out of the Eco-Cell's 175 participating wildlife organizations in [North America]. Other participating wildlife organizations include the San Diego Zoo and the Philadelphia Zoo. Coltan is a mineral ore mined and refined in central Africa for metals used in the cell phone industry. This unregulated mining industry has a dramatic impact on the region's biodiversity. Recycling cell phones helps to preserve the critical Lowland gorilla rainforest habitat in Africa by decreasing the demand for these minerals. This is of particular interest to the Toronto Zoo as its gorilla habitat has expanded with the addition of a newly born baby gorilla. The Toronto Zoo's cell phone recycling program is composed of two parts: Retrocell is the zoo's official cell phone refurbisher and the Ontario Electronic Stewardship Program processes the remainder of the phones that are collected by the Toronto Zoo.
In addition, the Toronto Zoo also participates in, and has been a key centre for, the Species Survival Plans of dozens of species, maintaining healthy captive populations of animals which may one-day be re-introduced to their former homes. Some notable SSP species the zoo has successfully bred over the years include the western lowland gorilla, Sumatran orangutan, golden lion tamarin, Sumatran tiger, Amur tiger, snow leopard, cheetah, Przewalski's horse, Indian rhinoceros, Matschie's tree-kangaroo, African penguin, and Komodo dragon. The Toronto Zoo has bred hundreds of species, with many of these breedings being firsts for Canada, North America, and even the world.
In 2003, a Komodo dragon was hatched for the first time in Canada. In 2006, a Matschie's tree kangaroo was born, one of three born in North America in 2006 (New York Bronx Zoo, St. Louis Zoo and Toronto Zoo). Later named Noru, it was sent to the Lincoln Zoo, and was paired with a mate named Milla who gave birth to twins – a first for this species.
In 2004, two female West African dwarf crocodiles successfully hatched on October 1, the first hatching of this species in Canada. In September 2009, a male gorilla was born to Ngozi and Charles, later named Nassir.
Three Sumatran tigers were born at the zoo to parents Brytne and Rengat in 2003, and two more (Kali and Indah, which mean "River" and "Beautiful" in the Indonesian language) in 2006. Also in 2006, three orangutans were born and named Jinnga, Kembali, and Budi through a TVOKids naming contest.
On June 5, 2007, two rare snow leopards were born, the first birth in thirteen years. Another snow leopard was born in 2009.
A mandrill named Mohawk was born at the Zoo in December 2008. The Toronto Zoo no longer displays mandrills.
Two Przewalski's horses, one male and one female, were born on June 22, 2007, the first birth in fifteen years. Three more Przewalski's horses were born in 2008 and another was born in 2009. In 2007, one male and one female Siberian tigers, were born. The zoo has also been very successful in breeding Bactrian camels, the most recent birth coming in 2016.
Through the weekend of September 26–27, 2015, the zoo's white lioness Makali gave birth to four cubs: the first pure-bred white lions born at the Toronto Zoo.
On October 13, 2015, Er Shun, the visiting female giant panda, gave birth to two cubs. This was this first successful reproduction of giant pandas in Canada. A male, later named Jia Panpan, was born at 3:31 AM with a weight 187.7 g, while the other, a female, later named Jia Yueyue, was born at 3:44 AM and weighed 115 g. Their sexes were unknown during the first few months of their lives, being determined in February 2016. The cubs were kept off display until the age of 5 months. In March 2016, the cubs were given the names Jia Panpan and Jia Yueyue to signify Canadian hope and Canadian joy, respectively, and revealed to the public before the March Break of that year.
On February 17, 2016, 11-year-old Indian rhinoceros Ashakiran, on loan from the Los Angeles Zoo, gave birth to a male named Nandu. With fewer than 3,555 left in the wild, Indian rhinos are classified as a vulnerable species.
In May 2017, the Toronto Zoo had its first births of clouded leopards to mom, Parvati, and dad, Mingma.
On November 30, 2009, the elephant Tara, the zoo's largest elephant died. She was found lying down when staff arrived in the morning and was unable to be raised to her feet. Tara was the third elephant in 14 months to die at the zoo and fourth in three years. The zoo has planned a major expansion of the zoo exhibit and indoor quarters, to accommodate the existing herd and any new elephants, perhaps the result of breeding. The Board of Management minutes from October 2009 indicate a concern that the condition of the elephant exhibit might cause the zoo to lose its Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA) accreditation.
Elephant deaths preceding Tara's:
- June 2009: Tessa, knocked to the ground by another elephant, unable to stand unassisted after being raised to her feet by staff and equipment.
- September 2008: Tequila, cause of death not released.
- July 2006: Patsy, euthanized due to long-term degenerative arthritis
In the days following Tara's death, both Zoocheck Canada and U.S.-based In Defence of Animals called for the zoo to close the exhibit and send the remaining three elephants to a sanctuary. Toronto City Council endorsed this highly controversial decision. In September 2013, plans were finalized to move Toka, Thika and Iringa to a facility in California in October 2013 (after Canadian Thanksgiving) The three elephants were transported on land during a 50-hour-long drive with stopovers. Iringa died on July 22, 2015 at the sanctuary in California.
- Zoo Diaries was a Canadian documentary television series which aired on Life Network. Its focus was on the relationship between the animals and their keepers, allowing viewers to experience what it is like to bond with some of the world's most exotic creatures. There have been 74 episodes produced since 2000 by DocuTainment Productions. The first two seasons of the show were also released on DVD/VHS.
- Undercover Boss Canada took place in 2011 and was filmed at the Toronto Zoo with the CEO.
- Rick Mercer Report featured Canadian comedian Rick Mercer at the Toronto Zoo in 2008 and early 2016 with Mercer visiting the pandas.
- Multiple YouTube videos released by the zoo have gone viral, being shared by news agencies and social media sites to millions of viewers around the world. Notably, videos of visiting giant panda Da Mao have received significant attention.
- The Zoo began releasing the Wild for Life podcast in early 2019 sharing interviews with staff on the behind-the-scenes conservation, animal care and research work done by the facility.
Other Toronto zoos and animal exhibits:
- Centreville Amusement Park - Far Enough Farm, a livestock zoo, on Toronto Islands
- High Park Zoo - small zoo in High Park
- Riverdale Farm - livestock zoo on site of former Toronto Zoo
- "Toronto Zoo - Explore the Zoo - Hours of Adventure and Fun". www.torontozoo.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo to remain shut during strike". David Rider. The Toronto Star. May 13, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- "Check Out Our Amazing Animals!". torontozoo.com. Toronto Zoo. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- "Toronto 2015 Budget" (PDF). City of Toronto. January 19, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
- "Members' Directory, Accredited Institutions". caza.ca.org. CAZA. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
- "World Association of Zoos and Aquaria". waza.org. WAZA. Retrieved September 15, 2012.
- "8 Largest Zoos in the World". Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto's First Zoo |".
- "History of the zoo". Archived from the original on February 20, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo - Admission, Location, Cost, Hours, Maps and Events". Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Vincent, Donovan (October 3, 2009). "$28,000 Panda Trip Gets Okay From Zoo". The Star. Toronto.
- "Toronto Zoo closed as more than 400 workers walk off the job". Codi Wilson. CP24. May 11, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "CUPE 1989 Supports Striking Zoo Workers, and You Should, Too". CUPE 1989. May 16, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
- "Media Kit - Sharks at Stingray Bay 2012" (PDF). Toronto Zoo. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Rob Ford: Buyers eyeing Toronto Zoo, theatres". CBC News. September 15, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo loses international accreditation". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. April 18, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- "Toronto Zoo Training Elephants for long haul to California". Toronto Star. Torstar Corporation. September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Sachgau, Oliver (April 10, 2016). "Toronto zoo eyes monorail after Edmonton firm's proposal". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Yes, it's a monorail ... And the Toronto Zoo could get it for free | CBC News".
- "Striking Toronto Zoo workers 'are well paid,' Mayor Tory says". Andrew Lupton. CBC News. May 11, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo reopens Thursday after workers ratify new deal". Lucia Yglesias. Humber News. June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo announces births of leopards, cheetahs, amid strike". Kayla Goodfield. CP24. May 24, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo | Wildlife Health Centre". www.torontozoo.com.
- "New White lion cubs make Toronto Zoo debut". Vidya Kauri. National Post. May 4, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
- "Australasia". torontozoo.com. Toronto Zoo. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- "Toronto Zoo - Toronto Zoo - Animals Off Display". www.torontozoo.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo - Press Releases". Toronto Zoo. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo - Press Releases". www.torontozoo.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo - Giant Panda Cubs". www.torontozoo.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Mangione, Kendra (October 13, 2015). "First panda cubs born in Canada at Toronto Zoo". Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo panda cubs named 'Canadian Hope' and 'Canadian Joy'". March 7, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Schaul, Jordan Carlton; Schaul, Jordan Carlton (September 24, 2011). "Black-footed Ferret: The Comeback Kid Celebrates 30 Years of Rediscovery". National Geographic Society (blogs). Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Government of Canada Marks Third Release of Black-Footed Ferrets in Grasslands National Park".
- "Captive Breeding Program Wins Prestigious CAZA Award!". Marmot Recovery Foundation. January 25, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Wood Bison: Bouncing back - Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "CNN - Fate of the trumpeter swan swayed - Apr. 11, 1996". www.cnn.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Ngege: Extinct in the wild". Donovan Vincent. The Toronto Star. April 8, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- Mangione, Kendra (August 26, 2015). "Endangered rattlesnakes born at Toronto Zoo". Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo expert helps give fish on brink of extinction another chance - Toronto Star". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved March 5, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Archived May 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Home". Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Atkinson, R.W. (January 2008). "Breeding the Renauld's or Coral-billed ground cuckoo at the Metro Toronto Zoo". International Zoo Yearbook. 22: 168–171. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.1982.tb02028.x.
- Isai, Vjosa (September 1, 2016). "Toronto Zoo welcomes baby camel". thestar.com. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Bateman, David (October 2, 2015). "White lion gives birth to 4 cubs at Toronto Zoo". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Campbell, Will (February 5, 2016). "It's a boy AND a girl! DNA testing reveals gender of Toronto Zoo panda cubs". Global News. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Yuen, Jenny (March 7, 2016). "Push to keep panda cubs in Toronto longer". Toronto Sun. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "First Giant Panda Cubs Born in Canada". Press Releases. Toronto Zoo. October 13, 2015. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo polar bear cub born on Remembrance Day 2015 named Juno". News 1130. February 25, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Goffin, Peter (February 19, 2016). "Newborn rhino cuddles with mom in Toronto Zoo video". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- "Toronto Zoo announces birth of leopards, cheetahs amidst strike". cp24.com. May 24, 2017. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Wingrove, Josh (December 1, 2009). "Elephant's death a crossroads for zoo". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- Kupferman, Steve (December 2, 2009). "When Elephants Die". The Torontoist. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- "Zoo elephant deaths spark call for shutdown". thestar.com. December 3, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- Vincent, Donovan (May 12, 2011). "Elephants to leave Toronto Zoo". thestar.com. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
- "Toronto Zoo elephants to head south after Thanksgiving". CBC News Staff. CBC News. September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
- Taekema, Dan (July 23, 2015). "Toronto's Iringa the elephant has died in California". thestar.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Mercer, Rick (November 25, 2008). "RMR: A Trip to the Toronto Zoo". Rick Mercer Report. Retrieved August 15, 2017 – via YouTube.
- Mercer, Rick (March 8, 2016). "Season 13 - Episode 16". Rick Mercer Report. Season 13. CBC Television. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toronto Zoo.|