Torra di Santa Maria Chjapella
|Tower of Santa Maria Chjapella|
Corsican: Torra di Santa Maria Chjapella
|Designated||8 March 1991|
The Tower of Santa Maria Chjapella (Corsican: Torra di Santa Maria Chjapella) is a ruined Genoese tower located in the commune of Rogliano (Corse-du-Sud) on the east coast of the Corsica. Only part of the tower survives.
The tower was built between 1548 and 1549 for Giacomo Santo Da Mare. It was one of a series of coastal defences constructed by the Republic of Genoa between 1530 and 1620 to stem the attacks by Barbary pirates. The tower was partially destroyed in 1794 by British warships under the command of Horatio Nelson during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The tower is unusually tall and contained two internal room, one above the other, similar to the Torra di a Parata near Ajaccio. In 1991 it was listed as one of the official historical monuments of France. It is owned and maintained by the Collectivité Territoriale de Corse in an agreement with the French government agency, the Conservatoire du littoral. The agency plans to purchase 1,147 hectares (2,830 acres) of the surrounding coastline and as of 2017 had acquired 669 hectares (1,650 acres).
- Graziani, Antoine-Marie (2000). "Les ouvrages de défense en Corse contre les Turcs (1530-1650)". In Vergé-Franceschi, Michel; Graziani, Antoine-Marie. La guerre de course en Méditerranée (1515-1830) (in French). Paris: Presses de l'Université Paris IV-Sorbonne. p. 98. ISBN 2-84050-167-8.
- "Tour Genoise de Santa Maria della Chiapella". Catalogue monuments historiques (PDF) (Report) (in French). Conservatoire du Littoral, Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie, République Française. July 2011. p. 40. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- "Monuments historiques: Tour de Santa-Maria-della-Chiappella" (in French). Ministère de la culture. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- "Pointe du Cap Corse". Conservatoire du littoral, Ministère de l'écologie, du développement durable et de l'énergie. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
- Nivaggioni, Mathieu; Verges, Jean-Marie. "Les Tours Génoises Corses" (in French). Includes information on how to reach 90 towers and many photographs.
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