Gran Torre Santiago
|Gran Torre Santiago|
Gran Torre Santiago under construction in September 2013.
|Location||Costanera Center, Santiago, Chile|
|Construction started||June 2006|
|Topped-out||14 February 2012|
|Architectural||300 m (984 ft)|
|Top floor||261 m (856 ft)|
|Floor count||64 (+6 basement floors)|
|Floor area||107.125 m²|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects|
The Gran Torre Santiago (Spanish: "Great Santiago Tower"), previously known as Torre Gran Costanera, is a 64-story tall skyscraper in Santiago, Chile. It is the tallest building in Latin America. It is also the second tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere, behind Q1 in Australia, by highest architectural feature, and the second tallest in the hemisphere by highest occupied floor, behind the Eureka Tower also in Australia.
Gran Torre Santiago is part of the Costanera Center complex, which includes the largest shopping mall in Latin America, two hotels and two additional office towers. Gran Torre Santiago is 300 metres (980 ft) tall and 64 stories high plus 6 basement floors, with a floor pitch of 4.1 metres (13 ft) and 107.125 m2 in area.
The tower has nearly 700,000 square meters of building space available built on 47,000 square meters of land. Planners estimated that there would be some 240,000 people going to and from the site each day. The tower was designed by the Argentine architect Cesar Pelli of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, Chilean architects Alemparte Barreda & Asociados, and by the Canadian company Watt International. Structural engineering is performed by the Chilean company René Lagos y Asociados Ing. Civiles Ltda. Salfa Corp. was responsible for its construction. René Lagos, the building’s structural engineer, said in a documentary about the tower, that “if it is well planned and meets all the needs of its users, a high-rise building can be a very good solution to the problem of city border expansion and can improve the quality of life of those who live and work in them.”
Construction of the building began in June 2006 and was expected to be completed in 2010, but was put on hold in January 2009 due to the global financial crisis of 2008–2009. Construction on the project resumed on 17 December 2009 and it was expected to be inaugurated in 2013.
In early November 2010, standing 205 m tall, it overtook the neighboring Titanium La Portada to become the tallest building in Chile. In February 2011, La Segunda daily reported that, at 226 m tall, the tower had overtaken Caracas's Twin Towers to become the tallest building in South America, while La Tercera newspaper reported in February 2012 that it had achieved that feat on 12 April 2011.
Structural work on the tower was completed in July 2011 and the maximum height of 300 m was achieved on 14 February 2012, becoming the tallest building in Latin America. In 2013, the tower was completed.
- "Gran Santiago Torre serves as perfect wayfinder when walking Chile's capital (video)". The Oregonian. 15 February 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Costanera Center es oficialmente el edificio más alto de Latinoámerica". La Segunda. 2012-02-14.
- "Costanera Center alcanza su altura máxima y culmina etapa de obra gruesa | Santiago". La Tercera. 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- Chilean Skycraper http://www.nydailynews.com/ Friday, MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2012, 6:23 PM
- Costanera Center – Gran Santiago Tower www.livingatlaschile.com December 17, 2013, retrieved December 19, 2013
- Long, Gideon (2009-01-30). "South American skyscraper on hold". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "Costanera Center alcanza 226 metros y se convierte en el edificio más alto de Sudamérica". La Segunda. 2011-02-18. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- "Terminan obra gruesa de gran torre de Costanera Center". La Tercera. 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2012-02-15.
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