Torreblanca was conquered from the Saracens by James I of Aragon in the 13th century and repopulated. In 1379 Torreblanca was raided by Barbary corsairs and the town was razed to the ground. Torreblanca was again the scenario of violent battles during the Carlist Wars in the 19th century. There are wetlands by the sea close to the town and there were cases of malaria in the surrounding area until the mid-20th century, when malaria was finally eradicated.
Nowadays Torreblanca's economy is based on seasonal tourism. Platja de Torrenostra and Platja Nord, the two beaches within its municipal term, are relatively unspoilt and quite popular in the summer.