Torrey Pines Gliderport

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Torrey Pines Gliderport
Summary
Airport typePrivate
OwnerCity of San Diego
Elevation AMSL372 ft / 113 m
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
9/27 1,500 457 Asphalt
Torrey Pines Gliderport
Torry Pines Hang Gliding cliff photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Gliderport, August 2014
Torrey Pines Gliderport is located in Northwestern San Diego
Torrey Pines Gliderport
Torrey Pines Gliderport is located in San Diego County, California
Torrey Pines Gliderport
Torrey Pines Gliderport is located in California
Torrey Pines Gliderport
Torrey Pines Gliderport is located in the United States
Torrey Pines Gliderport
LocationTorrey Pines, San Diego, California
Coordinates32°53′23″N 117°14′54″W / 32.88972°N 117.24833°W / 32.88972; -117.24833Coordinates: 32°53′23″N 117°14′54″W / 32.88972°N 117.24833°W / 32.88972; -117.24833
Built1930
NRHP reference No.93000578[2]
Added to NRHPJuly 12, 1993

The Torrey Pines Gliderport (FAA LID: CA84) is a city-owned private-use glider airport located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, United States, 11 nautical miles (20 km) northwest of the city's central business district.[1]

It was first established as a soaring site in 1930, and is the home to hang gliding, paragliding, radio-controlled model sailplanes, and full-scale man-carrying sailplanes.[3] It is listed as a National Landmark of Soaring of the National Soaring Museum,[4] a San Diego City Historical Site (#315), and a Model Aviation Landmark of the Academy of Model Aeronautics.[5] It is listed on the California Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places. It is considered by glider enthusiasts of all types to be the "Kitty Hawk of the West".[6]

Full-scale sailplanes are operated by the Associated Glider Clubs of Southern California, only during special permit windows between February and April, while models, hang gliders, and paragliders fly any time the wind permits. The local Flight Director and Concessionaire maintains and enforces safety rules to protect both pilots and spectators.

History[edit]

The Torrey Pines cliffs have featured soaring aircraft since the 1930s, with many famous aviators earning their wings on the strong ocean breezes.

Many aviation pioneers have flown at Torrey Pines. On February 24, 1930, Charles A. Lindbergh made the first soaring flight in a sailplane above the cliffs at Torrey Pines on a flight Mt. Soledad to Del Mar in a Bowlus sailplane. His flight also established a western regional distance record for gliders at the time.[7] His wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh had qualified as the first American woman to earn a first-class glider license on a flight in a Bowlus sailplane also from Mt. Soledad on January 29, 1930.[7] Between 1930 and 1935, area high school students building and flying gliders in the area began to auto-tow their gliders from the beach at the north end of the cliffs near Torrey Pines State Park, soaring in the lift, and landing on the beach. In 1936, Woody Brown became the first person to launch a glider from the top of the cliffs and land back on the top, thus opening the Torrey Pines Gliderport. Between 1936 and 1940, the gliderport was so popular that San Diego Mayor Percy J. Benbough dedicated the gliderport "to the youth of California" on January 1, 1939.[7][8]

During World War II, the gliderport and its surroundings were transformed into U.S. Army Camp Callan, an anti-aircraft artillery training facility.[9] After the end of the war, members of the Associated Glider Clubs of Southern California arranged a lease with the City of San Diego and recreational glider operations resumed. By the 1950s, radio-controlled model sailplanes were flown at the site, with hang gliding becoming popular at the site in the early 1970s, and paragliding at the site since the late 1980s.[8]

The gliderport has been the location of several national and international soaring records and is associated with many important individuals in the development of soaring in the United States including Hawley Bowlus, Bud Perl, Bill Beuby, John Robinson, Dick Essery, Bill Ivans, Helen Dick, Richard Johnson, Bill Petre, Robert Cardenas and Paul MacCready. For many years Torrey Pines was also home to the Pacific Coast Midwinter Soaring Championships, one of the longest running annual glider events in United States history.

Location[edit]

Located on the cliffs above Black's Beach, next to the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, the Torrey Pines Gliderport has views of the Pacific Ocean and the city of San Diego. Nearby are the Torrey Pines Municipal Golf Course, Torrey Pines State Beach, Torrey Pines State Reserve, Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the University of California, San Diego. The trail to the clothing optional Black's Beach begins on the cliffs just south of the gliderport.

Facilities[edit]

Torrey Pines Gliderport has one runway designated 9/27 with a 1,500 by 30 ft (457 x 9 m) highly eroded asphalt surface.[1] The runway is on property owned by the University of California, San Diego, while the rest of the gliderport is owned by the city of San Diego.

The Torrey Pines Gliderport offers paragliding and hang gliding lessons and tandem flights.

Sandwiches, snacks, and drinks can be purchased from the Cliff Hanger Cafe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Form 5010 for CA84 PDF, effective 2008-09-25.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Repard, Pauline (2019-03-10). "Two dead as paragliders collide at Torrey Pines in San Diego County". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  4. ^ "National Soaring Museum | Soaring Museum - Landmark - Torrey Pines, San Diego, California". www.soaringmuseum.org. Retrieved 2021-11-14.
  5. ^ "National Aeromodeling Heritage Award - Torrey Pine". Academy of Model Aeronautics. Retrieved 2021-11-14.
  6. ^ "Torrey Pines Gliderport | The Cultural Landscape Foundation". tclf.org. Retrieved 2021-11-14.
  7. ^ a b c Fogel, Gary (2000). Wind and Wings: The History of Soaring in San Diego. RockReef Publishing House. ISBN 0967033950.
  8. ^ a b Fogel, Gary (2014). The Torrey Pines Gliderport. Arcadia Publishing.
  9. ^ "Guide to the Camp Callan Collection".

External links[edit]