Historical photo of Torstein Raaby
October 6, 1918|
|Died||March 23, 1964
|Known for||Crew member on the Kon-Tiki|
During World War II he became a Secret Intelligence Service officer, having entered training in 1943. He spent ten months in hiding in the village of Alta, sending detailed reports on German warships and their radar installations to England via a hidden radio set surreptitiously connected to the antenna of a German officer. His reports were instrumental helping the RAF to find and permanently disable the battleship Tirpitz. For that and other undercover operations during the war, Raaby was awarded Norway's highest decoration for military gallantry, the War Cross with sword in 1944. Raaby held the rank of Second Lieutenant (Fenrik).
Kon-Tiki expedition and later years
In 1947, he took part in Thor Heyerdahl's Kon-Tiki expedition from Peru to Polynesia as a radio operator, exchanging frequent messages with amateur radio enthusiasts in Chile, the United States, and even Norway, on a tiny 6-watt transmitter.
After the expedition he returned to northern Norway, until he, again as a radio operator, lived on the remote Bear Island, far north of the Arctic Circle. From 1959 to 1961 he was a station controller of the radio station on the Arctic island of Jan Mayen.
Honours and awards
- War Cross with sword (Norway)
- Distinguished Service Order (United Kingdom)
- King's Medal for Courage in the Cause of Freedom (United Kingdom)
- Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 (France)
- "Torstein Raaby". vesteraalen.info. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "Torstein Raaby". nfk.no/fylkesleksikon. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Nøkleby, Berit (1995). "Raaby, Torstein". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940–45. Oslo: Cappelen. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
- "Raaby, Torstein Pettersen". ww2awards.com. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- "Fra hemmelig agent til Kon-Tiki-oppdager". nrk.no/nordland. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Thor Heyerdahl (1964). "Minneord om Torstein Raaby". vesteraalen.info. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Bjørn Rørholdt (1964). "Minneord om Torstein Raaby". vesteraalen.info. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Jørgen Alnæs. "Heroes and Nomads in Norwegian Polar Explorer Literature". septentrio.uit.no. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
- Heyerdahl, Thor (1950) The Kon-Tiki Expedition (George Allen & Unwin. translated by F.H. Lyon)
- Bjørn O Staib (1965) On skis toward the North Pole (NYC: Doubleday & Co. translated by Christopher Nordman)