Tortilla Flat, Arizona
Tortilla Flat, Arizona
Tortilla Flat, 2007
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
|Elevation||1,750 ft (530 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))|
Tortilla Flat is a small unincorporated community in far eastern Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is located in the central part of the state, northeast of Apache Junction. It is the last surviving stagecoach stop along the Apache Trail. According to the Gross Management Department of Arizona's main U.S. Post Office in Phoenix, Tortilla Flat is presumed to be Arizona's smallest official "community" having a U.S. Post Office and voter's precinct. The town has a population of 6. Tortilla Flat can be reached by vehicles on State Route 88, via Apache Junction.
Originally a camping ground for the prospectors who searched for gold in the Superstition Mountains in the mid-to-late 19th century, Tortilla Flat was later a freight camp for the construction of Theodore Roosevelt Dam. From this time (1904) on, Tortilla Flat has had a small (<100 people) but continuous population. A flood in 1942 badly damaged the town, resulting in many residents moving away. Today Tortilla Flat is owned and operated by Alvin Ross, a farmer from Indiana who purchased the town in 1998. The town is made up primarily of a small store and restaurant, which were constructed in the late 1980s after a fire consumed the existing store and restaurant on the same site. Several hiking trails into the Superstition Mountains begin near Tortilla Flat.
Based on available records, Tortilla Flat got its start because of the road construction to Roosevelt Dam in 1904. There was a need for a stagecoach stop for freight haulers on their way to the construction site at Roosevelt Dam and Tortilla Flat served that purpose. Shortly following the construction of the road, Roosevelt Dam became a big tourist attraction. At that point Tortilla Flat was a stage stop for tourists and mail carriers through the 1930s.
Tortilla Flat took its name from a nearby butte shaped like a tortilla.  However, an alternative explanation is that the name was given by John Cline, a Tonto Basin pioneer, who claims to have been stranded about 1867 at this location for several days with nothing but flour to make tortillas to eat. 
Forest Service records show Tonto National Forest being established in 1905 as kind of a "package deal" with the Salt River Reclamation Project. The Forest Service was needed to manage the land and protect watershed for the dams because cattle grazing had denuded the land. The freight camp at Tortilla Flat, as well as the other camps along the road to the dam, were, therefore, on U.S. Forest Service land. Folks who decided to make Tortilla Flat their permanent residence kept up the lease on the land in later years whenever it came due. 
- Historic Mormon Flat and Boulder Creek Bridges in Tortilla Flat, Arizona
- Mark, Jay (October 19, 2017). "Where the heck is Tortilla Flat?". Arizona Republic. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
- Lori, Lombardi (1996). Tortilla Flat Then and Now. Mesa, AZ: Sunshower Corporation.
- Blackwood, Alisa (April 15, 2001). "Whimsical names mark Arizona towns". Reading Eagle. pp. E11. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Howell Granger, Byrd (1983). Arizona's Names - X Marks the Place. Tucson, AZ: Falconer Publishing Company. p. 622. ISBN 0-91 8080-18-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tortilla Flat, Arizona.|
- Camp Arizona – Tortilla Campground
- Tortilla Flat, Arizona – The Apache Trail
- Official Tortilla Flat website