Torture (The Jacksons song)
|Single by The Jacksons|
|from the album Victory|
|Released||September 30, 1984|
|The Jacksons singles chronology|
"Torture" is the second single released off the album Victory by the band, The Jacksons. Written by Jackie Jackson and fellow Motown veteran Kathy Wakefield, the song is about someone ending a relationship and the torture that a person can receive while trying to end it. Jackie was originally going to sing the song with his brother, Michael, but Jackie's role instead went to Jermaine Jackson, whose availability for the album was in question until the last minute. The rest of the Jacksons sang the chorus along with Michael and Jermaine.
The song received mixed reactions from critics. The video was probably best known for Michael not being available, and the use of a wax dummy in his place throughout the video. Paula Abdul replaced Perri Lister as the video's choreographer, in which various scenes of torture are displayed with the Jacksons being on the receiving end of most of it. The shoot was an expensive and arduous affair that neither Michael nor Jermaine took part in, and it ultimately bankrupted the production company. The song peaked at #17 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, making it the second best selling single on the album, behind "State of Shock". It also peaked at #26 on the UK charts. This was their last single to reach the US Top 40.
Writing and recording
"Torture" was written by Jackie Jackson. Motown writer Kathy Wakefield also helped in the writing. Originally Jackie was going to record the vocals along with Michael. However, Jermaine Jackson sang vocals in Jackie's place, because he did not know if he'd be fully involved with the Victory album until the last minute. On the recording, Michael and Jermaine sing a duet, with the rest of the group providing backing vocals. "Torture" was Jermaine's only main contribution to the Victory album. The B-side of the single was an instrumental version of the song.
A common misconception is that the lyrics are about sadomasochism and physical torture, claims which Susan Baker of the Parents Music Resource Center had at one time made. The lyrics to the song are about a relationship that is about to end, and how the feelings of love become "torture" when a break-up is nearing. One of the members of the relationship is still in love with the other and feels that the break-up is "torture".
In the video various acts of torture are displayed, and various members of the band are usually on the receiving end. At some points the video looks like a horror movie. At a later point a group of skeletons—that are supposed to represent the Jacksons—are shown dancing. Neither Michael nor Jermaine appears in the video: Michael was busy with other obligations, and Jermaine refused to be in the video. The rest of the group decided to shoot the video without them.
Jeff Stein was the director, and Bryce Walmsley the scenic designer. Jackie Jackson also oversaw the production, acting as an advisor. The dancing skeletons were animated at Peter Wallach Enterprises.
Stein recalls the shoot as "an experience that lived up to the song title", and that sentiment is shared by others involved in the production. It finished over schedule and over budget. By the end the Jacksons themselves had stopped showing up. Stein says it was so stressful that one of his crew members lost control of her bodily functions. "The crew motto used to be 'Death or victory'," he says. "I think that was the only time we ever prayed for death."
After Michael had sketched out his ideas for the shoot at a meeting with the production company and his brothers, Stein and producer John Diaz had a feeling he would skip the actual shoot, so they rented a wax dummy of Michael from Madame Tussaud's museum in Nashville. "[It] was put through the wringer," Stein says. "Its head ended up in the salad bowl at lunch one day." The dummy was ultimately used in three separate sequences, including the ending sequence that shows the rest of the group standing in a shot similar to the album cover. The television show PM Magazine later discovered the dummy had been used through a close analysis of the video. "I was so young and naïve, I just figured this is what they normally do in music videos," recalls Paula Abdul, who eventually became the choreographer.
She replaced Perri Lister, an alumna of the British dance troupe Hot Gossip, who had choreographed and/or danced in many early 1980s videos, including playing the bride in "White Wedding" for her boyfriend at the time, Billy Idol. Lister and Stein had worked together before and the Jacksons approved her. A few days afterwards Field told her that Jackie wanted his girlfriend, who he said was a dancer herself, to be in the video. She auditioned and Lister decided she was sufficiently talented to hire, putting her in a group of similarly-built women so her short stature and plumpness would be less noticeable.
Jackie's girlfriend—who Lister did not know was Abdul—did not show up once rehearsals started, so Lister decided to go on without her. A few days later, however, according to Field, Jackie told him Lister wasn't right for the Jacksons. After a week Jackie and Abdul showed up at rehearsals, and Stein privately told Lister that Jackie had indicated that his girlfriend wanted to choreograph the video. She took her check and left.
Abdul, a Laker Girl at the time, took over as the choreographer from that point. She said some of the members of the band approached her after attending a Laker game and asked if she wanted to choreograph their video. "My only problem was how to tell the Jacksons how to dance," Abdul later recalled. "Imagine me telling them what routines to do. I was young, I was scared. I'm not quite sure how I got through that." The success of the choreography in the video helped lead to Abdul's then new career of choreographer in music videos. It was also due to the success of the video that she was chosen to be the choreographer for the Jacksons' Victory tour.
Filming took place at Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens, New York. On the first day Stein told his crew that since the Jacksons were devout Jehovah's Witnesses, no drugs or alcohol would be tolerated on the set. Shortly thereafter he was looking for two of them he needed for a sequence. Behind a cyclorama he saw them in 30-foot-high (9.1 m) silhouette "shoveling something into their nostrils. I ran the length of two football fields, kicked over the lights and no one ever saw it but me."
Paul Flattery, a producer with the Picture Music International production company, blames the handling of this video by producer Diaz and director Stein for driving the company into bankruptcy. "I'll take the blame for many things, but not that video," Stein responds. "We were constantly waiting around for everybody to be ready. It was endless. I don't even know if there was a budget . . . I do not know what it ended up costing."
Reception for the song was mixed. The Philadelphia Inquirer said that the song was "a hard-rock dance tune with blaring synthesizers and buzzing guitars." The reviewer, however, didn't like the song, summing it up with one word: "Yawn." The Sacramento Bee complimented Jackie Jackson for being the only person "besides Michael" to "rise above the generic," citing "Torture" as one of the two songs by Jackie that were more than exceptional on the album.
William Ruhlmann of Allmusic considered the song a "Track pick", and mentioned that its popularity probably had to do more with the fact that Michael Jackson was involved. "So, here one has the ludicrous situation of an album in which Marlon Jackson has as prominent a role as Michael Jackson. That's how it sounded to listeners in 1984, anyway, and they weren't fooled — "State of Shock", on which Michael shared vocals with Mick Jagger, was a gold Top Ten hit, and "Torture", which teamed Michael with Jermaine, made the Top 40, while the album went platinum. But the tracks by other group members went virtually ignored," Ruhlmann said.
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||32|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||9|
|Germany (Official German Charts)||31|
|Irish Singles Chart||13|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||14|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||22|
|UK (Official Charts Company)||26|
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||17|
|U.S. Billboard Hot Dance Club Play||9|
|U.S. Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles||12|
- "The Jacksons 'Victory' is Released - Album is a Pop-Cultural Event In Spite of Itself". Philadelphia Inquirer. 6 July 1984. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Torture--Copyright Info". faqs.org. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- Halstead, Craig (2007). Michael Jackson: For the Record. Authors OnLine. p. 329. ISBN 978-0-7552-0267-6.
- Palmer, Robert (4 July 1984). "Pop: 'Victory' Album Echoes Jacksons' Tour". New York Times. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Joel Whitburn, Top Pop Singles 1955-1999 (Menomonee Falls, WI: Record Research, 2000), 317.
- Pareles, Jon (13 October 1985). "Critic's View: Should Rock Lyrics Be Sanitized?". New York Times. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "A War Over Lurid Lyrics". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 4 December 1985. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Dancing in the Dark". Miami Herald. 26 September 1984. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Anderson, George (13 September 1984). "Triangle Tattler: Empty Seats". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "The Stage is Going Up For the Big Event". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 30 August 1984. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Marks, Craig; Tannenbaum, Rob (2011). I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution. New York, NY: Dutton. pp. 207–09. ISBN 978-0-525-95230-5.
- "Close Ups: Just a Dummy". The Courier. 26 September 1984. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Norment, Lynn (11 May 1990). "The Many Talents of Paula Abdul: Sassy Entertainer Gives Expanded Definition to Term "Multiple."". Ebony. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Graff, Gary (21 November 1991). "Abdul's Dues: She Has Paid a Lot of Them in 3 Years, But They Haven't Slowed Her Rise". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Abdul Delivers More Than the Same Old Song and Dance". San Jose Mercury News. 11 August 1989. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Hunt, Dennis (12 February 1989). "Paula Abdul Scores with New Singing Career and Debut Album". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Oldenburg, Ann (4 May 2005). "Idol Scandal Could Hurt, Not Help, the Show". USA Today. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- Mike Heyliger (May 6, 2011). "Jheri Curl Fridays 01: "Torture"". Jheri Curl Fridays. Popdose. Archived from the original on May 7, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- "A 'Victory' That's More Like a Loser". The Sacramento Bee. 15 July 1984. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
- "Victory > Overview". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2 May 2009. Check date values in:
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 152. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. N.B. the Kent Report chart was licensed by ARIA between mid 1983 and 19 June 1988.
- "Ultratop.be – Jacksons – Torture" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Lescharts.com – Jacksons – Torture" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Jacksons – Torture". GfK Entertainment Charts.
- "Torture in Irish Chart". IRMA. Retrieved 2 July 2013. Only one result when searching "Torture"
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Jacksons – Torture" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
- "Charts.org.nz – Jacksons – Torture". Top 40 Singles.
- "1984 Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive - 15th September 1984". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "Victory awards on Allmusic". Allmusic. Retrieved 2 July 2013.