Torture by proxy
Torture by proxy is collusion by one government in the abuse of prisoners by another. The United States has "renditioned" prisoners to nations known to practice torture. In the case of the United Kingdom, the government of Prime Minister Tony Blair is alleged to have colluded in the torture of prisoners by Libya.
The frequency with which the US government has chosen to employ the practice of transferring prisoners to countries that practice torture has fluctuated from one administration to the next. Before the September 11 attacks, renditions to countries that practice torture were sporadic and ad hoc. Afterwards, the Bush administration created a dedicated rendition bureaucracy and streamlined procedures which radically expanded abductions for torture by proxy, most commonly sending victims to be abused in Egypt, sometimes to Syria and Morocco. Despite protestations that it does not condone torture, recently the Obama administration has been accused of transferring prisoners to face brutal treatment in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia.
Colluding governments use proxy torturers in order to support the deception that they have no knowledge of, or participation in, torture.
- Arbitrary arrest and detention
- Black site
- Central Intelligence Agency
- Enhanced interrogation
- Enemy combatant or Unlawful combatant
- Extraordinary rendition
- Extrajudicial punishment
- Ghost detainee
- Extraordinary Rendition, film by Jim Threapleton, starring Omar Berdouni & Andy Serkis
- Mohamed et al. v. Jeppesen Dataplan, Inc.
- Michael Scheuer
- Rendition, film by Gavin Hood, starring Jake Gyllenhaal, Reese Witherspoon & Meryl Streep
- Repatriation of Ahmed Agiza and Muhammad al-Zery
- Nacht und Nebel (Nazi Germany)
- Torture and the United States
- U.S. Torture-by-proxy
- Jane Mayer (Feb 14, 2005). "Outsourcing torture". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- Ian Cobain and Stephen Grey (August 2005). "British detainee's tale of US 'torture by proxy'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Ian Drury (January 22, 2015). "Revealed: Shameful evidence of how Blair's secret services took part in 'torture by proxy' of Colonel Gaddafi's enemies in notorious Libyan jails". Daily Mail. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- "Torture by Proxy - latimes". Articles.latimes.com. March 11, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- Joshua Keeting (June 16, 2015). "Senate votes to ban torture: Will It Stick This Time?". Slate.com. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- Stephen Grey (17 October 2006). Ghost Plane: The True Story of the CIA Torture Program. St. Martin's Press. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-1-4299-1957-9.