T. R. Fyvel
Raphael Joseph Feiwel (1907 – 22 June 1985), better known as Tosco R. Fyvel or T. R. Fyvel (Hebrew: טוסקו פייבל) , was an author, journalist and literary editor. A noted Zionist, in 1936-7, he worked with Golda Meir in Palestine.
The T R Fyvel Book Award, awarded to a "book which has given new insight into issues or events, shown a perspective not often acknowledged, or given a platform to new voices", is one of the five Freedom of Expression awards presented by Index on Censorship.
Born in Cologne, Germany, his mother, from a Belarusian Jewish family, was a niece of Ahad Ha'am and had worked for Chaim Weizmann. His father, Berthold Feiwel, from a Moravian Jewish family, was an executive director of Keren Hayesod.
Fyvel (or, as he then still was, Feiwel) studied the Moral Sciences tripos (i.e. Philosophy) at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a third-class degree in 1928. Following graduation he moved to Palestine, where he spent some time as an assistant to Meir in the Histadrut. Returning to Britain, during the Second World War he worked in counter-intelligence.
Fyvel first met George Orwell in January 1940 when their mutual publisher, Fredric Warburg, introduced the two authors. Although Orwell did not agree with the ambition for an independent Jewish state in Palestine, they became friends and met sometimes at Warburg's home in Reading. The three of them planned a series of pamphlets/essays to be published by Secker & Warburg as Searchlight Books.
In 1945, he succeeded Orwell as literary editor of the Tribune newspaper when Orwell left to become a war correspondent for The Observer. Fyvel remained in this post until 1949. In the early 1950s he was a founder and contributor to Encounter. From 1973 to 1983, he was literary editor of The Jewish Chronicle.
- 1938: No Ease in Zion
- 1961: The Insecure Offenders
- 1964: Troublemakers: Rebellious Youth in an Affluent Society (Schocken)
- 1968: The Frontiers of sociology (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London)
- 1968: Intellectuals Today (Chatto & Windus, London)
- 1983: George Orwell: A Personal Memoir
- Rubinstein, William D. et al (2011) The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History, p. 308. Palgrave Macmillan At Google Books. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Official website Index on Censorship. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Sissay, Lemn (2008) ["Why Ahlaam (Dreams) deserved to win"] The Guardian. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- 'University News', Times, 13 June 1928
- Gordon Bowker, George Orwell, p.257
- Rodden, John (2001) George Orwell: The Politics of Literary Reputation, pp. 314-8. Transaction Publishers At Google Books. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Lucas, Scott (2011) "A Bright Shining Mecca" in Libertas University of Birmingham. Retrieved 18 June 2013.