Toseland, Cambridgeshire

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Toseland
Toseland Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1122532.jpg
Toseland Hall
Toseland is located in Cambridgeshire
Toseland
Toseland
Toseland shown within Cambridgeshire
Population111 (2011. Cambridgeshire Insight[1])
OS grid referenceTL232625
Civil parish
  • Toseland
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townYelling
Postcode districtPE19
Dialling code01480
PoliceCambridgeshire
FireCambridgeshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°14′50″N 0°11′41″W / 52.2471°N 0.1947°W / 52.2471; -0.1947Coordinates: 52°14′50″N 0°11′41″W / 52.2471°N 0.1947°W / 52.2471; -0.1947

Toseland is a village and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, England.[2] The name Toseland is Scandinavian and has connections to the Old Norse word 'lunde' translated as a type of sacred or small wood.[3] The parish is neighbours with nearby parishes within Cambridgeshire such as Yelling, Gravely, Great Paxton and St Agnes.[4]

History[edit]

During the 19th century Toseland was described as a hundred due to the fact that it contained smaller parishes. Imperial Gazetteer John Marius Wilson applied his definition of Toseland as:

"a parish and a hundred in Hunts. The parish lies 3¼ miles NE of St. Neots r. station, and is in St. Neots district. Post town, St. Neots. Acres, 1,320. Real property, £1,585. Pop., 217. Houses, 44. The property is divided among a few. The manor-house is a handsome ancient edifice, now occupied by a farmer".[5]

Ordnance Survey map of Toseland in 1835

Social Status[edit]

A historic census carried out in 1831 detailed the categorisation of status within occupation in the parish. From the highest to the lowest: Employers, Middling Sorts, Labourers & Servants and others; notably most of the population was Labourers. [6]

Landmarks[edit]

St Michael's church
St. Michael's mid C12 south doorway

The parish church of St Michael (St Mary in earlier records) dates to the twelfth century and is grade II* listed.[7] Toseland Hall is a seventeenth century grade II* listed manor house to the west of the village centre, built from brick with a tiled roof.[8][9] The Manor is two stories high and contains attics and the moulded bricks are constructed with a geometric pattern.[10] It was built by Nicholas Luke around 1600 who was at the time was also the lord of the manor and has been owned by various prominent figures such as Dean of Ely Cathedral in 1624.[11] During the 1881 census the property was occupied by Alfred Maine who was a farmer that owned more than 350 acres of land and since then has been used for agricultural purposes such as cultivating land.[12]

Geography[edit]

The 1900 6-inch Ordnance Survey map showed the parish as having an area of 1342.248 acres.[13] Toseland is situated in the county of Cambridgeshire located in the East of England. The parish is approximately 58m (190ft) above the sea level; Toseland's post code (PE19) is categorised as non-residential. [14] Domestic gardens use up most of the land area compared to domestic, non-domestic buildings and roads, taking up approximately 102.13 m2 in thousands as shown by the enhanced base map of UK areas in 2005.[15]

Government[edit]

Toseland has a parish council, which consists of five councillors and a parish clerk.[16] The parish council meets approximately five times a year.[17] The parish precept for the financial year ending 31 March 2015 was £700.[18]

Huntingdonshire District Council has 52 councillors representing 29 district wards.[19] Huntingdonshire District Council collects the council tax, and provides services such as building regulations, local planning, environmental health, leisure and tourism.[20] Toseland is a part of the district ward of Gransden and The Offords and is represented on the district council by two councillors.[21][19] The highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council,[22] Cambridgeshire County Council consists of 69 councillors representing 60 electoral divisions.[23] Toseland is part of the electoral division of Buckden, Gransden and The Offords[21] and is represented on the county council by one councillor.[23] It is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon.[21]

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

In the period 1801 to 1901 the population of Toseland was recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the population was in the range of 99 (the lowest was in 1801) and 230 (the highest was in 1851).[1]

Total population of Toseland obtained from the Historic Census Figures of Cambridgeshire and the Vision of Britain website.[24][25]
Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Toseland 151 138 145 121 100 101 99 78 82 111

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011 by Cambridgeshire Insight.[1]

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 1,339 acres (542 hectares)[1] and the population density of Toseland in 2011 was 53.1 persons per square mile (20.5 per square kilometre). According to the 2011 UK neighbourhood statistics census Toseland was listed as part of Yelling and the combined population was recorded as 411.[26]

Occupation[edit]

Sales field at Hollow Farm


In the late 19th century occupations in Toseland were mainly local in nature with the vast majority of jobs being in Domestic Offices/ Services and the least in primary agricultural jobs such as farming, cultivating animals as well as unspecified commodities. Almost half of the known population was unemployed and were women. These figures are documented in the table below sourced from the 1881 Census of England and Wales.[27] As of today most occupations in the parish tend to be professional occupations (make up 29% of the total jobs in the Toseland and Yelling area) especially scientific engineering, technology and telecommunications as well as environmental conservation.[28]

Occupations in Toseland (1881)
Occupation Total Male Female
Agriculture 1 1
Animals 1 1
Dealing in Dresses 2 1 1
Domestic Offices/ Services 45 43 2
Textiles/Fabrics 4 4
Unknown Occupation 4 4
Unspecified Commodities 1 1
Without Specified Occupations 24 24

All occupation census figures are retrieved from the "1881 Census of England & Wales" via "The Vision of Britain" website[29]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011". www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire Insight. Archived from the original (xlsx – download) on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 153 Bedford & Huntingdon (St Neots & Biggleswade) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2013. ISBN 9780319231722.
  3. ^ "The hundred of Toseland: Introduction: British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  4. ^ "OS Map: Toseland, Cambridgeshire". www.bing.com. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  5. ^ Bartholomew, John (1887). Gazetteer of The British Isles (1st ed.). Edinburgh: Bartholomew.
  6. ^ "Toseland CP/Ch through time: Status, based on 1831 occupational statisticsSocial Structure Statistics: Social". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  7. ^ https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1290027
  8. ^ https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1211590
  9. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/hunts/vol2/pp374-376
  10. ^ "Toseland Hall : Toseland, Cambridgeshire – England, British Listed Buildings". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Toseland Hall". www.toselandhall.wordpress.com/page/3. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  12. ^ "Toseland Hall". www.toselandhall.wordpress.com/page/2/. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  13. ^ http://maps.nls.uk/geo/explore/#zoom=15&lat=52.2468&lon=-0.1975&layers=171
  14. ^ "PE19 6RX – Check My Postcode". checkmypostcode.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  15. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics – Neil. "Key figures for Physical Environment". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  16. ^ "Toseland Parish Council: Councillors". www.toseland-pc.org.uk. Toseland Parish Council. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Toseland Parish Council: Meetings". www.toseland-pc.org.uk. Toseland Parish Council. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Toseland Parish Council: Accounts". www.toseland-pc.org.uk. Toseland Parish Council. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Huntingdonshire District Council". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  21. ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  22. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  23. ^ a b "Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  24. ^ "Historic Census Figures of Cambridgeshire to 2011". www.cambridgeshireinsight.com. Cambridgeshire Insight. Archived from the original (xlsx- download) on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  25. ^ "Toseland CP/Ch through time- Population Statistics: Total Population". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  26. ^ "Population Density 2011– Area: Yelling (Parish)". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  27. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10: " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties"". Vision of Britain. United Kingdom. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  28. ^ "Neighbourhood statistics: Occupation (Minor Groups) 2011". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  29. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10: " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties"". Vision of Britain. United Kingdom. Retrieved 15 April 2016.