Born in Osaka Prefecture, Toyoda was first a prodigy in the game of shogi or Japanese chess. He attended the Japan Shogi Association's apprenticeship (Shōreikai) from age 9 with the aim of becoming a professional player. But his interest turned to film and he quit when he was 17. Moving to Tokyo at age 21, he began working with producer Genjirō Arato and director Junji Sakamoto, assisting the latter on the shogi-related film Ōte, for which he helped pen the script. He debuted as a director with the film Pornostar in 1999, a film that earned him the Directors Guild of Japan New Directors Award. His career continued to rise through films like Blue Spring and 9 Souls, but he suffered a setback when he was arrested on drug charges just before Hanging Garden was released in 2005. He resumed directing with the 2009 film The Blood of Rebirth.
- Oute (王手, Oute) (1991) Screenplay
- Biliken (ビリケン, Biriken) (1996) Screenplay
- Pornostar (ポルノスター, Porunosutā) (1999)
- Blue Spring (青い春, Aoi haru) (2001)
- 9 Souls (ナイン・ソウルズ, Nainu sōruzu) (2003)
- Hanging Garden (空中庭園, Kūchū teien) (2005)
- The Blood of Rebirth (蘇りの血, Yomigaeri no chi 2009)
- Monsters Club (モンスターズクラブ, Monsutāzu kurabu) (2012)
- I'm Flash! (アイム・フラッシュ！, Aimu Furasshu) (2012)
- Crows Explode (2014)
- Shottan, The Miracle (2018)
- Noroshi ga Yobu (2019)
- "Kimi to Iu Hana" (Asian Kung-Fu Generation)
- "Siren" (Asian Kung-Fu Generation)
- "Ato 10 Byō de"(Art-School)
- "Lost in the Air" (Art-School)
- "Hakkō" (Rosso)
- "Sangatsu" (Does)
- "Toyoda Toshiaki: Eigakai no itanji". ZakZak. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- "New Directors Award" (in Japanese). Directors Guild of Japan. Archived from the original on 2012-03-03. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Koizumi Kyōko no shinsaku eiga: kantoku ga taiho daga, kōkai". Cinema Today. 2005-08-29. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- Ferry Hunt (2012-04-15). "TFF2012: Interview with Toshiaki Toyoda". TAKE ONE. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- Raffi Asdourian (2010-07-26). "NYAFF Interview: Toshiaki Toyoda, Director of 'Blood of Rebirth'". The Film Stage. Retrieved 2018-02-28.