Toshinori Ishikuma

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Toshinori Ishikuma
BornSeptember 1950 (age 69)
Citizenship Japan
Alma materUniversity of Montevallo, University of Alabama
Known forestablishing the system of the School Psychology in Japan, Japanese versions of Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Ⅲ and Ⅳ
Scientific career
FieldsSchool Psychology, Multicultural Psychology, Psychological assessment
InstitutionsTokyo Seitoku University, University of Tsukuba
Doctoral advisorAlan S. Kaufman

Toshinori Ishikuma (born September 1950) is a Japanese psychologist. He is known for his work on introducing and establishing the system of school psychology services in Japan, and his expert guidance and training in chosen students for psychology[1] He was among key psychologists who started certifying school psychologists in Japan in 1997. He is also famous for development of individual intelligence tests such as the Japanese versions of Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition, and Japanese versions of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children -Ⅲ and Ⅳ, as well as Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale,- Ⅳ.[2] He is now working to produce the Japanese version of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children -Ⅴ. He was also among important members of movement toward "Certified Public Psychologist Bill", which was passed in 2015.[3]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, Ishikuma earned his bachelor's degree from University of Montevallo in 1985; M.A. in Educational Psychology from University of Alabama in 1986; and Ph.D. from University of Alabama in 1990 (under Alan S. Kaufman), specializing in School Psychology.[2] He learned about psychological services with a focus on each child's strengths in intelligence and a philosophy of intelligent testing from Alan S. Kaufman and his wife, Nadeen L. Kaufman.[2]

While Lecturer at San Diego State University (1989-1990), he worked with Carol Robinson-Zañartu, Valerie J. Cook-Morales, and Colette Ingraham. He was influenced by them and learned the assessment and services for children within the environmental and multicultural context and by integration with ecological processes. For his interests in Rational Emotive Therapy (RET) in Counseling, he had an opportunity to be supervised by Albert Ellis. From Ellis, he learned how to serve people with focuses on resolving cognitive, emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives. He applies and revised the RET to be useful and effective for Japanese clients by integrating RET with humanistic approaches.[4]

He is certified as Supervisor for both of School Psychologist and Special Education Needs Specialist in Japan. He is a member of several expert working groups for Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and academic associations such as the President of Japanese School Psychology Association (JSPA) and Japanese Association of School Psychologists (JASP). He was Vice President and Executive Director of the University of Tsukuba and Superintendent of Education Bureau of the University of Tsukuba Laboratory Schools.[5] Currently, he is Professor of Psychology and Dean of Graduate School of Psychology at Tokyo Seitoku University.

He has been providing psychological support for children in the affected areas by The Great East Japan earthquake as a coordinator for Child and School Support Team in the Japanese Association of School Psychologists,[6] as well as a leader of Psychological Support Team for Children in Fukushima Educational Board.[7] For this tremendous work, he was awarded "President's Award to Outstanding Contribution" from National Association of School Psychologists in 2012.[8]

Awards and honors[edit]

In 2013, for memorizing his contribution in the field of school psychology for years, "Toshinori Ishikuma School Psychology Award", named after him was established in Japanese School Psychology Association (JSPA).[10]

Professional associations[edit]

Development of intelligence scales[edit]

  • Matsubara, T.; Fujita, K.; Maekawa, H.; Ishikuma, T. (1993). Japanese K-ABC: Administration and scoring manual. Tōkyō: Maruzen Mates.
  • Azuma, H.; Ueno, K.; Maekawa, H.; Ishikuma, T.; Sano, H. (1998). Japanese WISC-Ⅲ Manual. Tōkyō: Nihon Bunka Kagakusha.
  • Ueno, K.; Fujita, K.; Maekawa, H.; Ishikuma, T.; Dairoku, K.; Matsuda, O. (2011). Japanese version of the Wechsler Scale for Children- Ⅳ. Tōkyō: Nihon Bunka Kagakusha.
  • Kaufman, A.S; Kaufman, N.L.; Fujita, K.; Ishikuma, T.; Aoyama, S.; Hattori, T.; Kumagai, K.;Ono, J. (2013) Japanese version of K-ABC-Ⅱ Maruzenn
  • Wechsler, D.; Uemo,K.; Ishikuma, T; Dairoku, K.; Matsuda,.; Yamanaka, K. (2018) Japanese Wechsler Intelligence Scale. Nihon Bunka Kagakusha

Major publications in Japanese[edit]

  • Ishikuma, Toshinori (1999). School psychology : psycho-educational services by a team of teachers, school counselor, and parents. Tōkyō: Seishin Shobō. ISBN 9784414301496.
  • Ishikuma, T.; Tamura, S. (2003). Introduction to team support by using Ishikuma-Tamura Support Sheet; School Psychology Practices. Tōkyō: Tosho Bunkasha. ISBN 9784810033922.
  • Fukuzawa, S.; Ishikuma, T.; Onose, M. (2004). apanese School Psychology Association (ed.). Handbook of school psychology. Tōkyō: Kyoiku shuppan. ISBN 9784316800608.
  • Ishikuma, T.; Ito, S. (2005). Live flexibly: Learning from Rational Emotive Therapy and stuttering. Tōkyō: Kanekoshobō. ISBN 4760836071.
  • Toshinori, Ishikuma (2006). Psychology of helping and being helped learning from "Tora-san and Hama-chan": Six lessons to live flexibly. Tōkyō: Seishin Shobō. ISBN 9784414403633.
  • Mizuno, H.; Ishikuma, T. (2009). Effective services in schools: forefront of school psychology. Kyōto: Nakanishiyashuppan. ISBN 9784779503481.
  • Tsuge, M.; Ishikuma, T. (2013). Special needs education in senior high schools; 70 questions and answers for parents and teachers. Tōkyō: Kanekoshobō. ISBN 9784760823772.
  • Mizuno, H.; Ishikuma, T.; Tamura, S.; Tamura, S.; Iida, J. (2013). Introduction to School Psychology. Kyōto: Mineruva Shobō. ISBN 9784623063963.

Publications in English[edit]

  • Moon, S.; Ishikuma, T.; Kaufman, A. S. (1987). "Joint factor analysis of the K-ABC and McCarthy Scales". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 65 (3): 699–704. doi:10.2466/pms.1987.65.3.699. PMID 3438113.
  • Ishikuma, T.; Moon, S.; Kaufman, A. S. (1988). "Sequential-simultaneous analysis of Japanese children's performance on the Japanese McCarthy Scales". Perceptual and Motor Skills. 66 (2): 355–362. doi:10.2466/pms.1988.66.2.355.
  • Kaufman, A. S.; McLean, J. E.; Ishikuma, T.; Moon, S. (1989). "Integration of the literature on the intelligence of Japanese children and analysis of the data from a sequential and simultaneous model". School Psychology International. 10: 73–183.
  • Kaufman, A. S.; Ishikuma, T.; Kaufman-Packe, J. (1991). "Amazingly short forms of the WAIS-R". Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment. 9: 4–15. doi:10.1177/073428299100900101.
  • Ishikuma, T. (1991). "Introduction to cross-cultural communication in English". University of Tsukuba English Counseling: 59–68.
  • Hersen, Thomas H.; Ollendick, Michel. eds. (1993). Handbook of child and adolescent assessment. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. pp. 192–207. ISBN 9780205145928.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Valasquez, R.J.; Callahan, W.J.; Evans, D.; Ishikuma, T. (1994). "DSM-Ⅲ-R training in master's-level counseling programs". Psychological Reports. 74 (3 Pt 2): 1331–1338. doi:10.2466/pr0.1994.74.3c.1331. PMID 8084954.
  • Kaufman, A. S.; Ishikuma, T.; Kaufman, N. L. (1994). "A Horn analysis of the factors measured by the WAIS-R, Kaufman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT), and two new brief cognitive measures for normal adolescents and adults". Assessment. 1 (4): 353–366. doi:10.1177/107319119400100404.
  • Ishikuma, T. (2003). "Policy and direction of development of counseling profession in Japan". Konvensi National Bimbingan Dan Kouseling: 18–22.
  • Jimerson, Shane R.; Oakland, Thomas; Farrell, Peter T. eds. (2007). The handbook of international school psychology. Thousand Oaks [u.a.]: Sage. pp. 217–227. ISBN 9781412926690.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Kaufman, James C. (2009). Intelligent testing : integrating psychological theory and clinical practice. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press. pp. 183–190. ISBN 978-0521861212.
  • T. Ishikuma; H. Nishiyama (December 2011). "Appreciation for Support for Japan in Responding to the Natural Disaster". NASP Communiqué (CQ). 40 (4).
  • Ishikuma, T.; Matsuda, O.; Ueno, K. S. (2016). "Intellectual assessment of children and youth in Japan: Past, present, and future". International Journal of School & Educational Psychology. 4 (4): 241–246. doi:10.1080/21683603.2016.1163711.

External links[edit]

Toshinori Ishikuma Official Webpage

University of Tsukuba Official Webpage

Ishikuma Toshinori, TRIOS (Researcher List), University of Tsukuba


  1. ^ Jimerson, S. (2007). Shane, R. (ed.). The handbook of international school psychology. Thousand Oaks [u.a.]: Sage. ISBN 9781412926690.
  2. ^ a b c Kaufman, Alan. S (2009). Intelligent testing : integrating psychological theory and clinical practice. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521861212.
  3. ^ "Chartered Psychologist Bill".
  4. ^ Ishikuma, T. (1989). In Japanese Association of Student Counseling (ed.). Invitation to Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET) from Albert Ellis. Tokyo: Kawashima Shoten. pp. 31–59.
  5. ^ University of Tsukuba. "Office of the President Board of Directors". Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Supporting Children and Schools in the disaster".
  7. ^ T. Ishikuma; H. Nishiyama (December 2011). "Appreciation for Support for Japan in Responding to the Natural Disaster". NASP Communiqué (CQ). 40 (4).
  8. ^ a b "Professor Ishikuma won NASP President's Award".
  9. ^ Ishikuma, T.; Tamura, S. "Japanese Association of Educational Psychology: Outstanding Article Award".
  10. ^ University of Tsukuba (October 2012). "Toshinori Ishikuma Psychological Award was established". Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Japanese School Psychology Association President's Message".