Toshio Shimada

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Toshio Shimada
島田 俊雄
Toshio shimada.jpg
Shimada Toshio in 1932
Speaker of the House of Representatives of Japan
In office
8 June 1945 – 18 December 1945
Preceded by Tadahiko Okada
Succeeded by Senzō Higai
Minister of Agriculture and Commerce
In office
22 July 1944 – 7 April 1945
Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso
Preceded by Nobuya Uchida
Succeeded by Tadaatsu Ishiguro
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
In office
16 January 1940 – 22 Jul 1940
Prime Minister Mitsumasa Yonai
Preceded by Tadamasa Sakai
Succeeded by Fumimaro Konoe
In office
9 March 1936 – 2 February 1937
Prime Minister Kōki Hirota
Preceded by Tatsunosuke Yamazaki
Succeeded by Tatsunosuke Yamazaki
Director-General of the Legislation Bureau
In office
13 December 1931 – 26 May 1932
Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai
Preceded by Takao Saitō
Succeeded by Zenjirō Horikiri
Personal details
Born (1877-06-19)June 19, 1877
Gōtsu, Shimane, Japan
Died December 21, 1947(1947-12-21) (aged 70)
Minato, Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese

Toshio Shimada (島田 俊雄, Shimada Toshio, 19 June 1877 – 21 December 1947) was a politician and cabinet minister in the pre-war Empire of Japan.

Biography[edit]

Shimada was born in the city of Gōtsu in Shimane Prefecture Japan. In 1900, he graduated from the law department of Tokyo Imperial University, and found employment as a journalist for magazines. He was elected to a seat in the Tokyo City assembly in 1903; however, in 1905 he accepted a position as a lecturer at a law school in Yunnan Province, China. He returned to Japan in 1907. In 1911, Shimada opened a legal office and began work as a lawyer. He was elected to the Lower House of the Diet of Japan in the 1912 General Election as an independent, but joined the Rikken Seiyūkai the following year. He was re-elected nine times, and rose within the Rikken Seiyūkai to eventually become Secretary-General of the party from 1937-1939.

In 1931, Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai selected Shimada as Director-General of the Cabinet Legislation Bureau. He joined the cabinet under the administration of Prime Minister Kōki Hirota in 1936 as Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. He accepted the same portfolio again in January 1940 under the Yonai administration, and continued to hold that post into the 2nd Konoe administration. As with all other Japanese politicians, Tawara was forced to join the Taisei Yokusankai created by Konoe in 1940.

During World War II, Shimada accepted the cabinet position of Minister of Agriculture and Commerce under the Koiso administration. From June to September 1945, he served as Speaker of the Lower House.

Immediately following the surrender of Japan in 1945, he became one of the founding members of the Nihon Shimpo-tō political party. However, as with all members of the wartime administration, he was purged from public office by the American occupation authorities in 1946.

Shimada died on 21 December 1947.

References[edit]

  • Yamashita, Samuel Hideo. Leaves from an autumn of emergencies. University of Hawaii Press. (2005) ISBN 978-0-8248-2936-0
House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Tadahiko Okada
Speaker of the House of Representatives
1945
Succeeded by
Senzō Higai
Political offices
Preceded by
Takao Saitō
Director-General of the Legislation Bureau
1931–1932
Succeeded by
Zenjirō Horikiri
Preceded by
Tatsunosuke Yamazaki
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
1936–1937
Succeeded by
Tatsunosuke Yamazaki
Preceded by
Tadamasa Sakai
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
1940
Succeeded by
Fumimaro Konoe
Preceded by
Nobuya Uchida
Minister of Agriculture and Commerce
1944–1945
Succeeded by
Tadaatsu Ishiguro