|Died||10 April 1997 (aged 68)|
|Other names||黛 敏郎|
Toshiro Mayuzumi (黛 敏郎 Mayuzumi Toshirō [majɯzɯmi toɕiɾoː]; 20 February 1929, in Yokohama – 10 April 1997, in Kawasaki) was a Japanese composer known for his implementation of avant-garde instrumentation alongside traditional Japanese musical techniques. His works drew inspiration from a variety of sources ranging from jazz to Balinese music, and he was considered a pioneer in the realm of musique concrète and electronic music (Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica n.d.; Kozinn 1997), being the first artist in his country to explore these techniques (Layne n.d.). In the span of his career, his works included symphonies, ballets, operas, and film scores (Kennedy and Kennedy 2007), and was the recipient of an Otaka prize by the NHK Symphony Orchestra and the Purple Medal of Merit (Kirkup 1997).
Mayuzumi was a student of Tomojirō Ikenouchi and Akira Ifukube at the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music immediately following the Second World War, graduating in 1951. He then went to Europe where he attended the Paris Conservatoire national supérieur de musique, studying with Aubin and becoming familiar with the new developments of Olivier Messiaen and Pierre Boulez, as well as with the techniques of musique concrète (Kanazawa 2001).
A prolific composer for the cinema, he composed more than a hundred film scores between Waga ya wa tanoshi (It's Great to Be Young) in 1951 and Jo no mai in 1984. The best-known film with a score by Mayuzumi is probably The Bible: In the Beginning (1966), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. He also wrote many pieces for wind band that have been recorded by the Tokyo Kosei Wind Orchestra.
Mayuzumi was the recipient of a Suntory Music Award in 1996.
- Kinkakuji (Der Tempelbrand; The Golden Pavilion) (1976, Berlin)
- Kojiki (Days of the Gods) (1996, Linz)
- Bugaku (1962)
- Olympics (1965)
- The Kabuki (1986)
- M (1996)
- Rumba Rhapsody (1948)
- Symphonic Mood (1950)
- Bacchanale (1954)
- Ektoplasm (1954)
- Tonepleromas 55 (1955)
- phonology Symphonique (1957)
- Nirvana Symphony for male chorus and orchestra (1958)
- Mandala Symphony (1960)
- Echigojishi (1960)
- Music with Sculpture (1961)
- Textures for wind orchestra (1962)
- Samsara (1962)
- Essay in Sonorities (Mozartiana) (1963)
- Essay for string orchestra (1963)
- Fireworks (1963)
- Ongaku no tanjō [Birth of Music] (1964)
- Concerto for percussion and wind orchestra (1965)
- Concertino for xylophone and orchestra (1965)
- Shu [Incantation] (1967)
- Tateyama (1974)
- ARIA in G for Solo Violin and Orchestra (1978)
- Capriccio for Solo Violin and String Orchestra (1988)
- Mukyūdō [Perpetual Motion] (1989)
- Sonata, for violin and piano (1946)
- Twelve Preludes, for piano (1946)
- Hors d'œuvre, for piano (1947)
- Divertimento, for 10 instruments (1948)
- String Quartet (1952)
- Sextet, for flute, clarinet, bass clarinet, horn, trumpet, and piano (1955)
- Pieces, for prepared piano and string quartet (1957)
- Mikrokosmos, for clavioline, guitar, musical saw, vibraphone, xylophone, percussion, and piano (1957)
- Bunraku, for violoncello solo (1960)
- Prelude, for string quartet (1961)
- Metamusic, for saxophone, violin, and piano (1961)
- Shōwa Ten-pyō Raku, for gagaku ensemble (1970)
- Rokudan, for harp (1989)
- X, Y, Z for musique concrète (1953)
- Boxing for Radio Drama (1954)
- Music for Sine Wave by Proportion of Prime Number (1955)
- Music for Modulated Wave by Proportion of Prime Number (1955)
- Invention for Square Wave and Saw-tooth Wave (1955)
- Variations on Numerical Principle of 7 (1956; with Makoto Moroi)
- Aoi no ue (1957)
- Campanology for multi-piano (1959)
- Olympic Campanology (1964)
- Mandala for solo voice and electronic sounds (1969)
- Waga ya wa Tanoshi (1951)
- The Woman in the Rumor (噂の女 Uwasa no onna) (1954)
- Street of Shame (1956)
- Enjo (1958)
- Stolen Desire (1958)
- When a Woman Ascends the Stairs (1960)
- The Warped Ones (1960)
- Black Sun (1964)
- Tokyo Olympiad (1965)
- The Pornographers (1966)
- The Bible... in the Beginning (1966)
- Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967)
- Thirst for Love (1967)
- The Profound Desire of the Gods (神々の深き欲望 Kamigami no Fukaki Yokubo) (film) (1968)
- Jo no Mai (1984)
- Heifetz, Robin J. 1984. "East-West Synthesis in Japanese Composition: 1950-1970". Journal of Musicology 3, no. 4 (Autumn): 443–55.
- Editors of the Encyclopedia Britannica (n.d.). "Toshiro Mayuzumi | Japanese composer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- Herd, Judith Ann. 1989. "The Neonationalist Movement: Origins of Japanese Contemporary Music". Perspectives of New Music 27, no. 2 (Summer): 118–63.
- Kanazawa, Masakata. 2001. "Mayuzumi, Toshirō". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Kennedy, Michael, and Joyce Bourne Kennedy. 2007. "Mayuzumi, Toshiro". The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music, fifth edition, edited by Michael Kennedy and Joyce Bourne Kennedy. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920383-3.
- Kirkup, James. 1997. "Obituary: Toshiro Mayuzumi". The Independent (20 May) (accessed 29 March 2018).
- Kozinn, Allan (1997). "Toshiro Mayuzumi, 68, Eclectic Composer". The New York Times (11 April). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- Layne, Joslyn (n.d.). "Toshiro Mayuzumi | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018-03-29.
- Loubet, Emmanuelle, Curtis Roads, and Brigitte Robindoré. 1997. "The Beginnings of Electronic Music in Japan, with a Focus on the NHK Studio: The 1950s and 1960s". Computer Music Journal 21, no. 4 (Winter): 11–22.