Tosno

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tosno

Тосно
Welcome sign at the northern entrance to Tosno
Welcome sign at the northern entrance to Tosno
Flag of Tosno
Flag
Coat of arms of Tosno
Coat of arms
Location of Tosno
Tosno is located in Russia
Tosno
Tosno
Location of Tosno
Tosno is located in Leningrad Oblast
Tosno
Tosno
Tosno (Leningrad Oblast)
Coordinates: 59°33′N 30°54′E / 59.550°N 30.900°E / 59.550; 30.900Coordinates: 59°33′N 30°54′E / 59.550°N 30.900°E / 59.550; 30.900
CountryRussia
Federal subjectLeningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative districtTosnensky District[1]
Settlement municipal formationTosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
First mentioned1500[2]
Town status sinceFebruary 1, 1963[3]
Elevation
37 m (121 ft)
Population
 • Total39,101
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
37,509 (-4.1%)
 • Capital ofTosnensky District[1], Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
 • Municipal districtTosnensky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementTosnenskoye Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofTosnensky Municipal District[6], Tosnenskoye Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
187000–187003, 187009, 187099
OKTMO ID41648101001
Twin townsObukhiv, Polotsk, Rahachow, SuoyarviEdit this on Wikidata

Tosno (Russian: То́сно) is a town and the administrative center of Tosnensky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Tosna River, 53 kilometers (33 mi) southeast of the center of St. Petersburg. Population: 39,101 (2010 Census);[4] 38,683 (2002 Census);[9] 32,459 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

The village of Tosno was first mentioned in Russian chronicles in 1500.[2] It was a part of Vodskaya Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which Novgorod Lands were divided.[11] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Tosno was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as St. Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] Its development in the 18th and 19th centuries was mainly due to its geographic location on the road between the two Russian capitals. From 1774, it was a station at the yam route. In 1849, the railway connecting Tosno with St. Petersburg and Chudovo opened.[11] In the 19th century, Tosno was a part of Sankt-Peterburgsky Uyezd (renamed in 1913 Petrogradsky Uyezd[citation needed] and in 1924 Leningradsky Uyezd;[12] the governorate was accordingly renamed Petrogradsky in 1913[citation needed] and Leningradsky in 1924).[12]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Kolpinsky District, with the administrative center in the town of Kolpino, was established.[13] The governorates were also abolished and the district became a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[13] Tosno became a part of Kolpinsky District.[13] On August 19, 1930, Kolpinsky District was abolished[13] and Tosno became the administrative center of newly established Tosnensky District.[3] On August 20, 1935, Tosno was granted urban-type settlement status.[3] Between August 28, 1941 and January 26, 1944, during World War II, Tosno was occupied by German troops and largely destroyed, but rebuilt after the war.[14] On February 1, 1963, Tosno was granted town status.[3]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Tosno serves as the administrative center of Tosnensky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with eighteen rural localities, incorporated within Tosnensky District as Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Tosnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Tosnensky Municipal District as Tosnenskoye Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

A plant owned by the Caterpillar in Tosno produces trucks for quarries.[15] There are also several enterprises related to construction industry.

Transportation[edit]

The M10 Highway connecting Moscow to St. Petersburg and the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway run through the town. A railway connecting Tosno with the settlement of Shapki branches off east. A railway shortcut connects Tosno with the railway between Mga and Gatchina and is used for trains to bypass Saint Petersburg from the south.

Roads connect Tosno with Shapki and Mga in the east and with Lisino-Korpus and Vyritsa in the west.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The town contains seven objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[16] They commemorate events of World War II.

Tosno hosts the Tosnensky District Museum, the only state museum in the district.[17]

Sport[edit]

FC Tosno, the 2018 Russian Cup winner, is based in the town.

Notable people[edit]


Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Tosno is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 475. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b c d Тосненский район (август 1930 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e Law #116-oz
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b Страница истории (in Russian). Официальный сайт администрации Тосненского городского поселения Тосненского района Ленинградской области. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Петроградский уезд (1917 г. - январь 1924 г.), Ленинградский уезд (январь 1924 г.- август 1927 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d Колпинский район (август 1927 г. – август 1930 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  14. ^ Тосно (in Russian). Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  15. ^ Усович, Анна (June 12, 2011). "Производство карьерных самосвалов Caterpillar в Тосно: стратегии и перспективы" (in Russian). МАКСИ Экскаватор. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  17. ^ Тосненский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved January 23, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №116-оз от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Тосненский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования (9 января 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №44, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #116-oz of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Tosnensky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication (January 9, 2005).).