Toto IV

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Toto IV
Toto Toto IV.jpg
Studio album by Toto
Released April 8, 1982
Recorded
Genre
Length 41:59
Label Columbia
Producer Toto
Toto chronology
Turn Back
(1981)
Toto IV
(1982)
Isolation
(1984)
Singles from Toto IV
  1. "Rosanna"
    Released: April 1, 1982
  2. "Make Believe"
    Released: August 7, 1982
  3. "Africa"
    Released: October 30, 1982
  4. "I Won't Hold You Back"
    Released: March 12, 1983
  5. "Waiting For Your Love"
    Released: July 2, 1983
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[1]
Robert Christgau B−[2]
Rolling Stone 2/5 stars[3]

Toto IV is the fourth studio album by American rock band Toto released in the spring of 1982 by Columbia Records. The album marked the band's career zenith.

The lead single, "Rosanna", peaked at number 2 for five weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, while the album's third single, "Africa", topping the Hot 100 charts as well, became the group's first number 1 hit.[4] Both songs were smash hits in the UK as well, reaching number 12 and 3 respectively.[5] The fourth single, "I Won't Hold You Back", also peaked within the top ten on the Hot 100, at number 10, but atop the Billboard Adult Contemporary charts for three weeks.[4] It also went within the top 40 in the UK.[5] With the success of "Africa", the album climbed back into the top 10 in early 1983 on both sides of the Atlantic.

Toto IV received six Grammy Awards in 1983 including Album of the Year, Producer of the Year for the band, and Record of the Year for "Rosanna". It reached number four on the Billboard 200 album charts in the United States alone, shortly after its release. It also reached within top ten in some other countries, including in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom, and Japan.

Background[edit]

After the success of their self-titled debut, Toto struggled to sustain success on their next two albums, Hydra and Turn Back. The band was under heavy pressure from Columbia Records to deliver a hit album with their next release or be at risk of being dropped from the label.

The band went back to the formula that helped them succeed on their first album, having an album that touched on many different genres of music. They also utilized many outside musicians to help give the sound a more polished, fuller feel than they had on past albums.

The recording took many months during 1981 and 1982 and the band was allowed a much larger than average recording budget. At a time when most bands were using a single 24-track recorder Toto used as many as 3 separate 24-track recorders at the same time.[6] The 24-track recorders were linked with a computerized SMPTE timecode system that allowed for up to 69 individual tracks of sound simultaneously.

This was the final album with the original Toto lineup. David Hungate, who moved to Nashville during the recording of the album, left the band to spend more time with his family. Bobby Kimball was fired by the band due to drug issues that were damaging his voice.

The band delayed touring after the release of the album to instead help in the production of Michael Jackson's Thriller album, as well as collaborating on Chicago's comeback album Chicago 16 that same year.

Album's updated emblem[edit]

Philip Garris' original emblem from the Toto album was updated to show four rings since this was their fourth album. The newer looking, well-polished ring around the hilt of the sword represented their latest work. Each successive ring showed a little more wear and a few more chips which represented the band's previous records.[7]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length
1. "Rosanna"   David Paich Steve Lukather and Bobby Kimball 5:31
2. "Make Believe"   Paich Kimball 3:43
3. "I Won't Hold You Back"   Lukather Lukather 4:53
4. "Good for You"   Kimball and Lukather Kimball 3:17
5. "It's a Feeling"   Steve Porcaro Steve Porcaro 3:05
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Lead vocals Length
6. "Afraid of Love"   Lukather, Paich and Jeff Porcaro Lukather 3:52
7. "Lovers in the Night"   Paich Paich 4:25
8. "We Made It"   Paich and J. Porcaro Kimball 3:56
9. "Waiting for Your Love"   Kimball and Paich Kimball 4:12
10. "Africa"   Paich and J. Porcaro Paich and Kimball 4:55

Personnel[edit]

Toto
  • David Paich - keyboards, orchestral arrangements on "I Won't Hold You Back" and "It's a Feeling", lead and backing vocals, horn arrangements on "Rosanna"
  • Steve Lukather - guitar, lead and backing vocals, piano on "Good For You"
  • Bobby Kimball - lead and backing vocals
  • Jeff Porcaro - drums, percussion
  • Steve Porcaro - keyboards, lead vocals on "It's a Feeling"
  • David Hungate – bass guitar
Additional personnel
  • James Newton Howard - orchestral arrangements and conductor on "I Won't Hold You Back", "It's a Feeling", "Afraid of Love" and "Lovers in the Night".
  • Tom Scott - saxophone on "Rosanna" and "Lovers in the Night"
  • Lenny Castro - percussion and congas on "Rosanna", "Good For You", "It's a Feeling", "Lovers in the Night" and "Africa".
  • Joe Porcaro - percussion on "It's a Feeling" and "Africa", xylophone on "Afraid of Love", tympani on "Lovers in the Night", marimba on "Africa".
  • Ralph Dyck - synthesizer on "Lovers in the Night"
  • The Martyn Ford Orchestra - strings on "I Won't Hold You Back", "It's a Feeling", "Afraid of Love" and "Lovers in the Night".
  • Gary Grant - trumpet on "Rosanna"
  • Jerry Hey - trumpet and horn arrangements on "Rosanna"
  • James Pankow - trombone on "Rosanna"[8]
  • Jim Horn - saxophone on "Rosanna" and "Lovers in the Night", recorders on "Africa".
  • Tom Kelly - backing vocals on "Rosanna" and "Make Believe"
  • Marty Paich - orchestral arrangements on "I Won't Hold You Back"
  • Roger Linn - synthesizer programming on "Good For You"
  • Mike Porcaro - cello on "Good For You"
  • Timothy B. Schmit - backing vocals on "I Won't Hold You Back", "Good For You", and "Africa"
  • Jon Smith - saxophone on "Make Believe"

Production[edit]

  • Produced by Toto
  • Engineers - Dick Gall, Bruce Heigh, Tom Knox, Greg Ladanyi, David Paich, Steve Porcaro and Al Schmitt.
  • Tracks recorded by Al Schmitt (1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10), Tom Knox (2, 9) and Greg Ladanyi (6, 8).
  • Strings on tracks # 3, 5, 6 and 7 recorded by John Kurlander.
  • Additional recording by Niko Bolas, Terry Christian, Jamie Ledner, Lon LeMaster, David Leonard and Peggy McCreary.
  • Mixed by Greg Ladanyi
  • Mastered by George Marino at Sterling Sound (New York City).
  • Photography - Glen Christiensen, Sam Emerson and Jim Hagopian.
  • Illustration - Joe Spencer
  • Album Package Concept - Steve Porcaro

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA)[29] Platinum 70,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[30] 3× Platinum 300,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[31] Gold 34,179[31]
France (SNEP)[32] Platinum 370,600[33]
Germany (BVMI)[34] Platinum 500,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[35] Platinum 346,520^
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong)[36] Gold 7,500*
Netherlands (NVPI)[37] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[38] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[39] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Ruhlmann. "Toto IV - Toto - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic. 
  2. ^ "Robert Christgau: CG: Toto". robertchristgau.com. 
  3. ^ "Rolling Stone review". Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b Toto USA chart history, Billboard.com. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Toto UK chart history, The Official Charts. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  6. ^ Classic Tracks: Toto's "Africa", Mix Online. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  7. ^ "Jeff Porcaro Interview about Toto's Sword". 
  8. ^ "Darrin Matteson - In terms of two, The amazing similarities between Chicago and Toto". Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  9. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  10. ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc (1982-03-26). Billboard.com - Hits of the World. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  11. ^ Hung Medien. "dutchcharts.nl Toto – IV". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Archived from the original (ASP) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  12. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  13. ^ a b "Hit Parade Italia - Gli album più venduti del 1982" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  14. ^ a b Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970-2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4-87131-077-9. 
  15. ^ "charts.org.nz Toto – IV". Hung Medien. Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Archived from the original (ASP) on 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  16. ^ "norwegiancharts.com Toto – IV". Hung Medien. VG-lista. Archived from the original (ASP) on 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  17. ^ "swedishcharts.com Toto – IV" (ASP) (in Swedish). Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  18. ^ "Chart Stats - Toto – IV" (PHP). UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  19. ^ "allmusic ((( Toto IV > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  20. ^ "Album Search: Toto – IV" (in German). Media Control. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  21. ^ "Top 100 Albums '82". RPM. 1982-12-25. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  22. ^ "Dutch charts jaaroverzichten 1982" (in Dutch). Dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  23. ^ "Les Albums (CD) de 1982 par InfoDisc" (PHP) (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  24. ^ 1982年アルバム年間ヒットチャート "Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1982" Check |url= value (help) (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  25. ^ "Billboard.BIZ: Top Pop Albums of 1982". billboard.biz. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2014-04-25. [dead link]
  26. ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1983". RPM. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  27. ^ "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Archived from the original on 2012-05-19. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  28. ^ "Billboard BIZ: Top Pop Albums of 1983". billboard.biz. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2014-04-25. [dead link]
  29. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2008 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  30. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Toto – IV". Music Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  31. ^ a b "Toto" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  32. ^ "French album certifications – Toto – IV" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 
  33. ^ "Les Albums Platine". infodisc.fr. SNEP. Retrieved 2012-03-03. 
  34. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Toto; 'IV')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  35. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Toto – Toto IV" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan.  Select 1984年月 on the drop-down menu
  36. ^ "IFPIHK Gold Disc Award − 1984". IFPI Hong Kong. 
  37. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Toto – IV" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  38. ^ "British album certifications – Toto – IV". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2012-03-03.  Enter IV in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Gold in the field By Award. Click Search
  39. ^ "American album certifications – Toto – IV". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2012-03-03.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Preceded by
The Concert in Central Park
by Simon & Garfunkel
Dutch Mega Chart number-one album
September 11, 1982
Succeeded by
The Concert in Central Park
by Simon & Garfunkel
Preceded by
Built for Speed by Stray Cats
Top Canadian Chart number-one album
March 12 – April 9, 1983
Succeeded by
Thriller by Michael Jackson
Preceded by
25 Years of Gold by Cliff Richard
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
April 4–10, 1983
Succeeded by
Go for It by Various artists