Totonac languages

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Native to Mexico
Region Puebla, Veracruz, Zacatlán
Ethnicity Totonac people
Native speakers
240,000 (2010 census)[1]
Official status
Regulated by INALI
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
toc – Coyutla Totonac
tlp – Filomena Mata-Coahuitlán Totonac
tos – Highland Totonac
top – Papantla Totonac
tcw – Tecpatlán Totonac
tku – Upper Necaxa Totonac
tqt – Ozumatlán Totonac
too – Xicotepec de Juárez Totonac
tlc – Yecuatla Totonac
Glottolog toto1252[2]

Totonac is a language cluster of Mexico, spoken across a number of central Mexican states by the Totonac people. It is a Mesoamerican language and shows many of the traits which define the Mesoamerican Linguistic Area. Along with some 62 other indigenous languages, it is recognized (per General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples) as an official language of Mexico, though as a single language.[3]


See Totonacan languages.

See also[edit]

  • Totonacapan (for a list of municipalities with Totonac speakers)


  1. ^ INALI (2012) México: Lenguas indígenas nacionales
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Totonac". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ "Ley General de Derechos Lingüísticos de los Pueblos Indígenas" (PDF).  (56.2 KiB) ("General Law of the Linguistic Rights of Indigenous peoples"), decree published 13 March 2003