Toucheng

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Toucheng Township

頭城鎮
Harbor in Toucheng Township
Harbor in Toucheng Township
Toucheng Township in Yilan County
Toucheng Township in Yilan County
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
CountyYilan County, Taiwan Yilan
Urban villages ()25
Government
 • Mayor (鎮長)Tsao Qian-shun (曹乾舜)
Area
 • Total100.89 km2 (38.95 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2018)
 • Total29,187
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
261
Websitetoucheng.e-land.gov.tw (in Chinese)
Toucheng Township Office

Toucheng Township (Chinese: 頭城; pinyin: tóu chéng zhèn[1]; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thâu-siâⁿ-tìn) is an urban township in Yilan County, Taiwan. The township includes Guishan Island and Guiluan Island in the Philippine Sea. The Senkaku Islands, known in Mandarin as the Diaoyu Islands, are claimed as part of the township.[2][3]

History[edit]

Map of Toucheng (labeled as Tōi) and surrounding area (1944)

Toucheng was formerly called Thau-ui (Chinese: 頭圍; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Thâu-uî). Toucheng Township (頭城鄉) was established on September 9, 1946. Toucheng Township was upgraded to an urban township (頭城鎮) on January 1, 1948.[4]

Geography[edit]

Map including Toucheng (labeled as T’ou-wei (Tōi) 頭圍) (1954)

Administrative divisions[edit]

Toucheng includes twenty-five urban villages:[5]

  • Shicheng/Shihcheng[6] (Shih-ch'eng-tzu, Sekijōshi; 石城里), Dali (Ta-li-chien, Dairikan; 大里里, 大里簡), Guishan (Kuei-shan, Kīzan; 龜山里), Daxi (Ta-ch'i, Taikei; 大溪里), Gexing (Ho-hsing, Gōkō; 合興里), Gengxin (更新里), Waiao (Wai-ao, Gaiō; 外澳里), Gangkou (Chiang-k'ou, Kōkō; 港口里), Wuying (武營里), Dakeng (大坑里), Chengtung (城東里), Chengbei (城北里), Chengxi (城西里), Chengnan (城南里), Zhuan (竹安里), Xinjian (新建里), Baya (拔雅里), Fucheng (福成里), Jinmian (Hsiao-chin-mien, Shō-kimmen; 金面里, 小金面), Jinying (金盈里), Dingpu (頂埔里), Xiapu (下埔里), Zhonglun (Chung-lun, Chūron; 中崙里) and Ercheng (二城里) Village.

Education[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Submarine communication cables[edit]

Toucheng is one of the two cable landing points of Taiwan island (the other one is Fangshan). Four submarine communication cables, including APCN, APCN2, RNAL, and SEA-ME-WE 3, connect here.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Aerial panorama of Wushigang Harbour, including Lanyang Museum

The township has several fresh seafood restaurants and also black sand beach for surfing activities.

Several boat operators offer trips from the Wushish Harbor to Guishan Island and also for whale and dolphin watching.

The Juh-an River Bird sanctuary is another attraction of Toucheng.

Once the economic center of the area, the Ho-Ping street in Toucheng is one of the few unaltered and typical Qing Dynasty Taiwanese urban structures.

View from Caoling Historic Trail
View of Guishan Island

Transportation[edit]

Toucheng is served by the Yilan Line of Taiwan Railway Administration on Dali Station, Daxi Station, Dingpu Station, Guishan Station, Sicheng Station, Toucheng Station and Wai-ao Station. Toucheng has more rail stations (three) than any other townships in Taiwan. There are seven stations along the route.

The township has recently seen a marked increase in tourism due to the opening of the Freeway 5 linking it with western Taipei. The freeway consists of a series of tunnels dug through the Snow Mountains, the longest of which measures 12.7 km (7.9 mi). The distance between western Taipei and Toucheng is now 30 km (19 mi) and takes roughly thirty minutes of driving, compared to several hours in the past.

Wushi Harbor is located in the township.

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本 (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 October 2019. 字詞 【頭城鎮】 注音 ㄊㄡˊ ㄔㄥˊ ㄓㄣˋ 漢語拼音 tóu chéng zhèn
  2. ^ 宜蘭縣土地段名代碼表 (in Chinese). Department of Land Administration. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2019. 地政事務所名稱(代碼) 宜蘭(GB) 鄉鎮市區名稱(代碼) 頭城鎮(02){...}段 小段 代碼 備註{...}釣魚台 0568 赤尾嶼 0569 黃尾嶼 0570 北小島 0571{...}南小島 0572
  3. ^ 地理位置圖. 宜蘭縣頭城鎮公所 Toucheng Township Office (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 October 2019. 另轄兩小島(龜山島及龜卵嶼)及一群島(釣魚臺列嶼)。
  4. ^ 沿革. 宜蘭縣頭城鎮公所 Toucheng Township Office (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 October 2019. 民國卅四年(1945)臺北縣下共設九區,原宜蘭郡改為宜蘭區,本鎮所轄隨之改為臺北縣宜蘭區頭圍鄉,管轄範圍仍如日據時代之頭圍庄;三十五年九月九日易名為頭城鄉,三十七年元月一日,升格為頭城鎮迄今。
  5. ^ 行政區域圖. 宜蘭縣頭城鎮公所 Toucheng Township Office (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Train". Northeast and Yilan Coast National Scenic Area Tourist Information Website. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2019. Station Address{...}Shihcheng No. 230, Sec. 7, Binhai Rd., Shihcheng Village, Toucheng Township, Yilan County
  7. ^ http://svr2.ilccb.gov.tw/readyilan/e-tc-l01.asp[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°51′N 121°49′E / 24.850°N 121.817°E / 24.850; 121.817