Tour de Ski
|Tour de Ski|
|Date(s)||late December – early January|
The Tour de Ski (TdS) is a cross-country skiing event held annually since the 2006-2007 season in Central Europe, modeled on the Tour de France of cycling. Each Tour de Ski has consisted of six to nine stages, held during late December and early January in the Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland. The prize money for the event amount to 1,055,000 Swiss francs (844,000 euros), shared out on both men and women. Men's and women's events are held together on the same days, with the only difference being the distance skied.
Cross-country skiing had been through a period of renewal from the early 1980s, when the free technique was first introduced to the World Championships which led to a rush of new events, including pursuit skiing, sprint skiing and eventually long mass start races, to complement the old time trial or individual start style of skiing. The TdS is another such new event, and the idea has been reported to come from former Olympic gold medallist Vegard Ulvang. Ulvang has also brought up the idea of a tour of the Barents Region, Tour de Barents, with races in Kirkenes (Sandnes) and Vadsø in Finnmark and Murmansk in Russia.
Jürg Capol, the International Ski Federation's (FIS) chief executive officer for cross-country competitions, said that FIS originally wished to start the race in the Alps. However, as neither Austria or Switzerland were interested, the opening two races were to be held in Nové Město na Moravě in the Czech Republic. A week before the Tour was due to start, FIS announced that snow conditions in Nové Město were not good enough, and cancelled the two races there.
Skiers from France, Germany and Norway, among others, said that the TdS was among their targets for the 2006–07 season, with Norwegian skier Jens Arne Svartedal claiming that the winner would have "extreme respect" for winning such an extreme race.
After the first TdS, reactions among athletes were largely positive. Norwegian athletes said "it was a good concept", German winner Tobias Angerer claimed the TdS "has a great future", though many of the athletes expressed concern over the final climb up an alpine skiing hill both before and after the race. The director of FIS' cross-country committee, Vegard Ulvang, said the finish would be in the same place next year, but the way up could be changed. Ulvang also claimed that the TdS had been a success, and a "breakthrough for FIS" Ulvang did, however, admit that there would have to be some changes, as up to a third of participants in the TdS have struggled with illness or injury after the competition.
Newspaper comments were divided: in Expressen's opinion, the finish was the "most enjoyable competition seen in years," while Roland Wiedemann in Der Spiegel said this "should be the future of cross-country skiing". Critical commentaries appeared in Göteborgs-Posten, criticising the fact that sprinters didn't have a chance in the overall standings, and Wiesbaden Kurier, describing it as a reality show and a skiing circus.
The next TdS was held between 28 December 2007 and 6 January 2008, in the Czech Republic and Italy. Oberstdorf in Bavaria was originally scheduled to host two races, but cancelled as the German Ski Association could only arrange a race on 2 January.
At a meeting in Venice, Italy, on 7 May 2009, TdS officials met with official from the Giro d'Italia road cycle race to learn from the stage race to further improve TdS competition for the 2009–2010 event.
The overall results are based on the aggregate time for all events, as well as bonus seconds awarded on sprint and mass start stages.
The sprint races carry bonus seconds for the finish, which are subtracted from the overall time. The current bonus format in sprint competitions, as of 2017/18, hands out bonus seconds to the 30 skiers that qualifies for the quarter-finals (60-54-48-46-44-42-32-30-28-26-24-22-10-10-10-8-8-8-8-8-6-6-6-6-6-4-4-4-4-4).
In mass start competitions, intermediate points carry bonus seconds; 15 to the winner, 10 to number two, and 5 to number three. The same number of seconds are awarded at the finish. In the later editions of the Tour, intermediate points has been handed out to the 10 first skiers (15–12–10–8–6–5–4–3–2–1) past the intermediate point.
The final stage of the race includes a steep climb up Alpe Cermis, with a height difference of 425 meters. This last stage is held in a pursuit format, with competitors starting with the gaps they have in the overall classification, so the first skier to reach the top is the overall winner.
- Justyna Kowalczyk (POL) 4 (2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13)
- Dario Cologna (SUI) 4 (2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2017–18)
- Virpi Kuitunen (FIN) 2 (2006–07, 2008–09)
- Lukáš Bauer (CZE) 2 (2007–08, 2009–10)
- Therese Johaug (NOR) 2 (2013–14, 2015–16)
- Martin Johnsrud Sundby (NOR) 2 (2013–14, 2015–16)
- Heidi Weng (NOR) 2 (2016–17, 2017–18)
- Tobias Angerer (GER) 1 (2006–07)
- Charlotte Kalla (SWE) 1 (2007–08)
- Alexander Legkov (RUS) 1 (2012–13)
- Marit Bjørgen (NOR) 1 (2014–15)
- Petter Northug (NOR) 1 (2014–15)
- Sergey Ustiugov (RUS) 1 (2016–17)
Most overall wins in a row
- Justyna Kowalczyk (POL) 4 (2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13)
- Dario Cologna (SUI) 2 (2010–11, 2011–12)
Most completed tours
- The only skier to complete ten tours (since 2006–07 till 2016) is Petter Northug (NOR)
Most stage wins in a row
- Sergey Ustiugov (RUS) 5 (2016–17)
Most stage wins
- State at January 7, 2018
Most successful countries
State after the 2017/18 Tour the Ski and the disqualifications of Johannes Dürr (Austria) in 2013/14 and Martin Johnsrud Sundby (Norway) in 2015.
|Nové Město na Moravě||CNX1||X2||X|
|Val di Fiemme||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
1 cancelled due to lack of snow
2 relocated from Oberstdorf to Nové Město na Moravě due scheduling problems
- , from fiscrosscountry.com.
- (in Norwegian) Ny æra for langrenn[permanent dead link], Dagsavisen, 25 November 2006.
- (in Norwegian) Tour på Nordkalotten, langrenn.com, published 24 November 2006.
- (in Norwegian) Jürg Capol snakker om Tour de Ski, langrenn.com quoting Le Matin, 20 November 2006.
- (in German) Interview mit Vincent Vittoz (FRA) zur Tour de Ski, from xc-ski.de, retrieved 19 December 2006.
- (in German)langläufer angerer gewinnt in la clusaz, from dpa, retrieved 19 December 2006.
- (in Norwegian) Tour-favoritter i kø, Tor Kise Karlsen, ANB, published 10 November 2006.
- (in Norwegian) –Utrolig godt fornøyd, Karin Harstensen, Østlandets Blad, 9 January 2007.
- (in German) "Tour de Ski hat große Zukunft", ZDF, retrieved 9 January 2006.
- (in Norwegian) Ulvang varsler Tour-endringer, Nettavisen, retrieved 9 January 2007.
- (in Norwegian) Ulvang: - Touren en suksess, NTB, retrieved from vg.no, 9 January 2007.
- (in Norwegian) Ulvang varsler Tour-endringer, ANB-NTB, retrieved 29 January 2006.
- (in Swedish) Tomas Pettersson: Dags att flytta Tour de ski till Sverige - nu, Expressen, retrieved 9 January 2007.
- (in German) Jubel über die Tour der Leiden, by Roland Wiedemann, Der Spiegel, retrieved 9 January 2007.
- (in Swedish) Upplägget måste förändras i Tour de Ski Archived 2007-03-04 at the Wayback Machine., Göteborgs-Posten, retrieved 9 January 2007.
- Ski-Zirkus, Rolf Lehmann, Wiesbaden Kurier, retrieved 9 January 2007.
- (in Norwegian) Dropper Tour i Tyskland, Kim Nystøl, NRK, published 30 November 2007, retrieved 9 December 2007.
- FIS-Ski.com 14 May 2009 article on 7 May 2009 meeting between Tour de Ski and Giro d'Italia officials in Venice.[permanent dead link] - accessed 16 May 2009.
- Draft: FIS CROSS-COUNTRY WORLD CUP 2016/2017