Tour of California

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Tour of California
Tour of CA Nevada City.jpg
The start of the first leg of the 2010 race in Nevada City
Race details
Date May (Formerly in February)
Region California, United States
Discipline Road
Competition UCI World Tour
Type Stage race
Organiser AEG
First edition 2006 (2006)
Editions 12 (as of 2017)
First winner  Floyd Landis (USA)
Most wins  Levi Leipheimer (USA) (3 times)
Most recent  George Bennett (NZL)

The Tour of California (officially known as the Amgen Tour of California for sponsorship purposes) is an annual professional cycling stage race on the UCI World Tour and USA Cycling Professional Tour. It was first held in 2006. The eight-day race covers 650–700 miles (1,045–1,126 km) through the U.S. state of California. A typical edition might begin in Nevada City, travel through the redwoods, wine country and the Pacific Coast, and finish in a southern California city such as Escondido. The 2009 race crossed the Central Valley from Merced to Fresno, with an excursion through the Sierra Nevada foothills, before crossing over to the coast. The tour is sponsored by Amgen, a large California-based biotech company.

With eight or nine of the 20 UCI ProTour teams (known as ProTeams) usually racing, the Tour of California is one of the most important cycling races in the United States, along with the Tour of Utah. On November 28, 2006, the UCI upgraded it from 2.1 (category 1) to 2.HC (French: Hors categorie; English: beyond category), the highest rating for races on the UCI Continental Circuits and one of only four such stage races in the United States. The USA Pro Cycling Challenge and the Tour of Utah were the only other current 2.HC being raced as of 2015. On August 2, 2016, the UCI upgraded the race to World Tour status and added it to the 2017 UCI World Tour schedule. [1]

The race was originally staged in February but, the 2010 Tour of California was moved to May, the same time that the Giro d'Italia is held.[2] At the time of the move it was considered likely that the number of Americans in the Giro and Italians in the Tour of California would decrease.[3] Tour of California organizers sought to make the race a preparatory event for the Tour de France, believing few riders who seek a serious position in the Tour would ride the Giro. Since the change in schedule, the race has continued to be held in May.

General Classification Results[edit]

The leader and overall winner by time after each stage and at the conclusion of the race wears a Yellow Jersey. Originally the leader's jersey was gold, a reference to the California Gold Rush, but in 2009 the jersey color was changed to yellow.

Year 1st place Team 2nd place Team 3rd place Team
2006  Floyd Landis (USA) Phonak  David Zabriskie (USA) Team CSC  Bobby Julich (USA) Team CSC
2007  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Discovery Channel  Jens Voigt (GER) Team CSC  Jason McCartney (USA) Discovery Channel
2008  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Astana  David Millar (GBR) Slipstream–Chipotle  Christian Vande Velde (USA) Slipstream–Chipotle
2009  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Astana  David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Slipstream  Michael Rogers (AUS) Team Columbia–High Road
2010  Michael Rogers (AUS) Team HTC–Columbia  David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Transitions  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Team RadioShack
2011  Chris Horner (USA) Team RadioShack  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Team RadioShack  Tom Danielson (USA) Garmin–Cervélo
2012  Robert Gesink (NED) Rabobank  David Zabriskie (USA) Garmin–Barracuda  Tom Danielson (USA) Garmin–Barracuda
2013  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team  Michael Rogers (AUS) Saxo–Tinkoff  Janier Acevedo (COL) Jamis–Hagens Berman
2014  Bradley Wiggins (GBR) Team Sky  Rohan Dennis (AUS) Garmin–Sharp  Lawson Craddock (USA) Giant–Shimano
2015  Peter Sagan (SVK) Tinkoff–Saxo  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Etixx–Quick-Step  Sergio Henao (COL) Team Sky
2016  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Etixx–Quick-Step  Rohan Dennis (AUS) BMC Racing Team  Brent Bookwalter (USA) BMC Racing Team
2017  George Bennett (NZL) LottoNL–Jumbo  Rafał Majka (POL) Bora–Hansgrohe  Andrew Talansky (USA) Cannondale–Drapac

Records and Jerseys[edit]

Sprints Classification[edit]

The leader and overall winner by points from intermediate and final sprints wears the Green Jersey.

Mountains Classification[edit]

The leader and overall winner by points in mountain climbs is awarded the Red Jersey (Orange in the past, before 2009) and is known as the race's King of the Mountains or "KOM."

Best Young Rider Classification[edit]

The leader and overall winner by time for riders under 23 is awarded the White Jersey. Before 2009, this jersey was silver and blue.

Teams Classification[edit]

Teams are classified based on the total time of the team's top three finishers in each stage.