Tourettism

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Tourettism refers to the presence of Tourette-like symptoms in the absence of Tourette syndrome, as the result of other diseases or conditions, known as "secondary causes".

Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological condition of multiple motor and at least one vocal tic. Although Tourette syndrome is the most common cause of tic disorders,[1] other sporadic, genetic, and neurodegenerative disorders may also exhibit tics.[2]

Tic mimickers[edit]

Genetic/chromosomal[edit]

Infectious or post-infectious[edit]

Developmental[edit]

Toxins/insults/acquired[edit]

Drugs[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jankovic J, Mejia NI (2006). "Tics associated with other disorders". Adv Neurol. 99: 61–8. PMID 16536352. 
  2. ^ Mejia NI, Jankovic J (March 2005). "Secondary tics and tourettism" (PDF). Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 27 (1): 11–7. doi:10.1590/s1516-44462005000100006. PMID 15867978. Archived from the original on 2007-06-28. 
  3. ^ Bharucha KJ, Sethi KD (Nov 1995). "Tardive tourettism after exposure to neuroleptic therapy". Mov Disord. 10 (6): 791–3. doi:10.1002/mds.870100613. PMID 8749999. 
  4. ^ eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia Full article

References[edit]

External links[edit]