Tourism in Africa

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A tourist in Kenya in 2005

Tourism is an important economic sector for many countries in Africa. The four countries that benefit the most from tourism are Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and South Africa. A second category includes the countries of Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Kenya.

Tourism in Africa[edit]

The continent of Africa can be divided into three groups relative to tourism:

  1. those countries with a developed tourism industry;
  2. those with a developing industry;
  3. those that would like to develop a tourism industry.

Countries like Egypt, South Africa, Morocco, and Tunisia have a successful tourism industry. Countries like Kenya, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mauritius can be considered as countries that have steady and consistent income from tourism. Countries like Tanzania, Algeria and Burundi are countries that have little to no economic benefit from tourism, but would like to see it expand.[citation needed]

The successful countries in tourism are thriving due to a variety of factors. Countries like Morocco and Tunisia benefit from their beautiful beaches and their relative proximity to Europe. Tourism in Egypt is based on the rich history of Ancient Egypt, pyramids and artifacts. South Africa and Kenya benefit from wild safari expeditions, attracting tourists to see the wildlife of Africa.

Tourism by Arrivals[edit]

All of the data presented here is from the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and from "Reviewing Africa in the Global Tourism Economy."[1] The following table shows the number of arrivals in each country:

Arrivals.svg
Country[a] Arrivals (2005)
Algeria 1,443,000
Angola 210,000
Botswana 1,559,000
Burundi 148,000
Cameroon 210,000
Cape Verde 198,000
Democratic Republic of the Congo 61,000
Djibouti 30,000
Egypt 8,244,000
Eritrea 83,000
Gambia 111,000
Guinea 45,000
Lesotho 304,000
Mali 143,000
Mauritius (2010) 934,827[2]
Morocco 5,843,000
Réunion 409,000
São Tomé and Príncipe 11,000
Senegal 769,000
Seychelles 129,000
Sierra Leone 40,000
South Africa 7,518,000
Swaziland 839,000
Togo 81,000
Tunisia 6,378,000
Uganda 468,000
Zimbabwe 1,559,000


Tourism by Receipts[edit]

The following map and data depict the income from tourism in US dollar equivalent:

Receipts2.svg
Country[b] Receipts (2005) in US$
Botswana 562,000,000
Burundi 2,000,000
Cape Verde 123,000,000
Egypt 6,851,000,000
Eritrea 66,000,000
Kenya 879,000,000
Lesotho 30,000,000
Malawi 26,000,000
Morocco 4,617,000,000
Mozambique 130,000,000
Namibia 348,000,000
Reunion 384,000,000
Seychelles 192,000,000
Sierra Leone 83,000,000
South Africa 7,327,000,000
Sudan 89,000,000
Tanzania 796,000,000
Tunisia 2,063,000,000
Uganda 468,000
Zimbabwe 1,559,000

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rogerson, Christian (2007). "Reviewing Africa in the global tourism economy", Vol. 24 No. 3 United Nations World Tourism Organization. September 2007.
  2. ^ "Tourist arrival 2010 (mauritius)" (PDF). Retrieved 7 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Tourism in Africa at Wikimedia Commons