Tourism in Africa
Tourism is an important economic sector for many countries in Africa. There are many countries that benefit the most from tourism like Uganda, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Kenya, Morocco, Tunisia, and Tanzania. The touristic particularity of Africa lies in the wide variety of points of interest, diversity and multitudes of landscapes as well as the rich cultural heritage.
Tourism in Africa
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The continent of Africa can be divided into three groups relative to tourism:
- those countries with a developed tourism industry;
- those with a developing industry;
- those that would like to develop a tourism industry.
Countries like Egypt, South Africa, Morocco, and Tunisia have a successful tourism industry. Countries like Kenya, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mauritius can be considered as countries that have steady and consistent income from tourism. Countries like Algeria and Burundi are countries that have little to no economic benefit from tourism, but would like to see it expand.
The successful countries in tourism are thriving due to a variety of factors. Countries like Morocco and Tunisia benefit from their beautiful beaches and their relative proximity to Europe. Tourism in Egypt is based on the rich history of Ancient Egypt, pyramids, artifacts and breathtaking Red Sea beaches. South Africa and Kenya benefit from wild safari expeditions, attracting tourists to see the wildlife of Africa.
Tourism by Arrivals
All of the data presented here is from the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and from "Reviewing Africa in the Global Tourism Economy." The following table shows the number of arrivals in each country:
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||61,000|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||11,000|
- 1 South Africa 2015 15.05 million tourists
- 2 Morocco 2018 12.3 million tourists
- 3 Egypt 2018 11.35 million tourists
- 4 Tunisia 2018 8.3 million tourists
- 5 Algeria 2013 2.7 million tourists
- 6 Zimbabwe 2017 2.42 million tourists
- 7 Botswana 2016 2.4 million tourists
- 8 Nigeria 2016 1.9 million tourists
- 9 Mozambique,Ivory Coast 2016 1.6 million tourists each
- 10 Namibia 2016 1.57 million tourists
- 11 Uganda 2017 1.85 million Tourists (https://utb.go.ug)
Tourism by Receipts
The following map and data depict the income from tourism in US dollar equivalent:
|Country[b]||Receipts (2005) in US$|
- No data is available for Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia.
- No data is available for Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Togo, Swaziland and Zambia.
- Rogerson, Christian (2007). "Reviewing Africa in the global tourism economy", Vol. 24 No. 3 United Nations World Tourism Organization. September 2007.
- "Tourist arrival 2010 (mauritius)" (PDF). Retrieved 7 January 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Africa.|
Media related to Tourism in Africa at Wikimedia Commons