Tourism in Algeria

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Casbah of Algiers a UNESCO world heritage site.
Constantine seen from the sky

Algeria is the largest country in Africa; one of the main tourist attractions is the Sahara, the second largest desert in the world. Algeria has been a member of the World Tourism Organization since 1976. According to a report of the World Tourism Organization published in 2014, Algeria was the 4th largest tourist destination in Africa in 2013 with 2,7 million foreign tourists,[1] and ranks 111th on the international tourism scene, according to the London-based World Tourism and Travel Council (WTTC). The tourism sector in Algeria accounts for 3.9% of the volume of exports, 9.5% of the productive investment rate and 8.1% of the Gross Domestic Product.

The main competitors are other Mediterranean countries, the majority of which have developed a strong tourism-based economy.[2] The tourism sector is still underdeveloped in Algeria concerning accommodation and other services. For this reason, the government launched a strategic plan to boost this sector by 2025.[3]

According to the U.S. News & World Report, Algeria is ranked among the top 80 countries in the world in 2018. In its Best Countries, Ranking published each year, the weekly draws up a ranking based on several criteria such as business, citizenship, cultural influence, heritage, quality of life or the possibility of adventures.[4]

The US national newspaper USA Today, has ranked Constantine among the eleven cities to visit the world in 2018. The newspaper was based on the experience of Sal Lavallo, one of the youngest people to have visited all 193 member states of the United Nations.[5]

Tourism policy of the state[edit]

Cap carbon a paradise on earth ; Bejaia

A project developed during the "National and International Conference of Tourism" was born providing a new dynamics of reception and management of tourism in Algeria. This project is called (Horizon 2025). Foreign investors, mainly French, position themselves to dominate the market, focused mainly on a business clientele.

A first advertising campaign devoted to the industry was carried out to attract investors as well as foreign customers, as well as concrete measures such as conferences, trade shows or commissions.[6]

The international footballer Zinedine Zidane of Algerian descent was also used for a new commercial carried out this time under the aegis of the telephony operator, Ooredoo Algeria, intended for an individual clientele.[7]

A Quality Tourism Plan Algeria was adopted by the government but by the end of 2010, only 10% of tourist structures in Algeria have joined this program. Investors remain interested in the potential of the country, as well as the high authorities, as the representative of the Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), Frédéric Perret, told the conference of the International Tourism and Travel Exhibition held In Algeria in 2010, that the Algerian tourism sector has great potential thanks to its "Mediterranean beaches, its fascinating Djurdjura National Park, its human, cultural and historical treasures."

As part of the tourism development policy, 'Eductour' is regularly organized for the national and international.[8]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

Algeria is home to seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Beni Hammad Fort Kalaa des Beni Hammad.2.jpg AlgeriaM'sila Province,
 Algeria
35°48′50″N 04°47′36″E / 35.81389°N 4.79333°E / 35.81389; 4.79333
Cultural:AlgDje
(iii)
150 (370) 1980 In a mountainous site of extraordinary beauty, the ruins of the first capital of the Hammadid emirs, founded in 1007 and demolished in 1152, provide an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city. The mosque, whose prayer room has 13 aisles with eight bays, is one of the largest in Algeria.

. Beni Hammad Fort is near the town of Maadid (aka Maadhid), about 225 kilometres (140 mi) southeast of Algiers..[9]

Djémila GM Djemila Roman Theatre02.jpg AlgeriaSétif Province,
 Algeria
36°19′14″N 5°44′12″E / 36.32056°N 5.73667°E / 36.32056; 5.73667
Cultural:AlgDje
(iii)(iv)
31 (77) 1982 Djémila (formerly known as Cuicul) was a Roman town in a mountainous site, comprising a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and religious buildings and other structures, each adapted to a location 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level.[10]
Kasbah of Algiers Ruellecasbah.jpg AlgeriaAlgiers Province,
 Algeria
36°47′00″N 3°03′37″E / 36.78333°N 3.06028°E / 36.78333; 3.06028
Cultural:AlgKas
(ii)(v)
50 (120) 1982 The Kasbah of Algiers is a unique Islamic city on the Mediterranean coast. It contains remains of a citadel, medieval mosques and Ottoman palaces.[11]
M'zab Valley Ghardaia.jpg AlgeriaGhardaïa Province,
 Algeria
32°29′00″N 3°41′00″E / 32.48333°N 3.68333°E / 32.48333; 3.68333
Cultural:AlgMzb
(ii)(iii)(v)
4,000 (9,900) 1982 The intact, traditional human habitat was built around five ksour of the M'zab Valley in the 10th century by the Ibadites.[12]
Tassili n'Ajjer Sunrise Djanet.jpg AlgeriaIllizi and Tamanrasset Provinces,
 Algeria
25°30′00″N 9°00′00″E / 25.50000°N 9.00000°E / 25.50000; 9.00000
Mixed:AlgTas
(i)(iii)(vii)(viii)
7,200,000 (18,000,000) 1982 A vast plateau on the edge of the Sahara, Tassili n'Ajjer contains more than 15,000 cave engravings that record climatic changes, animal migrations, and the evolution of human life, dating from 6,000 BCE to the first centuries CE. It is also noted for its eroded sandstone landforms.[13]
Timgad Timgad la ville.jpg AlgeriaBatna Province,
 Algeria
35°27′00″N 6°38′00″E / 35.45000°N 6.63333°E / 35.45000; 6.63333
Cultural:AlgTim
(ii)(iii)(iv)
91 (220) 1982 Established by Emperor Trajan in 100 CE as a military colony, Timgad features cardo and decumanus streets, constituting a typical example of Roman town-planning.[14]
Tipasa Tipasa remain 2.JPG AlgeriaTipaza Province,
 Algeria
36°32′00″N 2°22′00″E / 36.53333°N 2.36667°E / 36.53333; 2.36667
Cultural:AlgTip
(iii)(iv)
52 (130) 1982 Previously a Carthaginian trading centre, Tipasa was conquered by the Romans and converted into a military base. The site also bears witness to paleochristian and Byzantine influences.[15]
Religions of Algeria (2012)[16]
Religions percent
Islam (official; Sunni)
99%
Other (includes Christian and Jewish)
1%

Religion in Algeria is dominated by Muslims at about ninety-nine percent of the population.[17] The vast majority of Muslims in Algeria adhere to Sunni Islam of Maliki school of jurisprudence. There are also almost 100,000 Christians, mostly Pentecostal Protestants. There are nearly 2,000 Jews still living in Algeria, according to the US department of State.

This is a list of the most famous mosques and churches in Algeria:

Djamaâ El Djazaïr[edit]

Djamaâ El Djazaïr (Mosque of Algeria, in Arabic: جامع الجزائر); or Great Mosque of Algeria (in Arabic: مسجد الجزائر الأعظم) Is a mosque in the process of completion, located in Mohammedia in Algiers. Is the largest mosque in Algeria and Africa and the third largest mosque in the world in terms of the total area after each of Great Mosque of Mecca in Mecca and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi Mosque in Medina.

Ketchaoua Mosque[edit]

Ketchaoua Mosque is a mosque in Algiers, the capital of Algeria. It is located at the foot of the Casbah, which was built during the Ottoman rule in the 17th century, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mosque that stands on the first of the Casbah's many steep stairways, was logistically and symbolically the cynosure of the pre-colonial city of Algiers.[18][19][20] The mosque is noted for its unique fusion of Moorish and Byzantine architecture.[21]

Notre-Dame d'Afrique[edit]

Notre-Dame d'Afrique (Our Lady of Africa)

Notre-Dame d'Afrique (Our Lady of Africa) is a Roman Catholic basilica in Algiers, It was Louis-Antoine-Augustin Pavy, who served as the Bishop of Algiers from 1846 to 1866, who paved the way for its construction.[22] The basilica was inaugurated in 1872, after fourteen years of construction. It was founded by Charles Lavigerie.[23] Its architect, Jean-Eugène Fromageau, who had been appointed the chief architect for ecclesiastical buildings in French Algeria in 1859, employed a Neo-Byzantine style.[24] Its floor plan is unusual as the choir is situated on the southeast instead of the usual east side of the building.[who?]

1st November of 1954 Great Mosque[edit]

1st November of 1954 Great Mosque is considered to be the largest mosque in Algeria and the second in Africa It is located in the town of Batna. This imposing religious building has been open to the faithful since 2003 and is one of the great architectural achievements of the city.

Saint Augustin Basilica[edit]

The Basilique Saint Augustin (Basilica of St Augustine) is a Roman Catholic basilica and Pro-cathedral dedicated to Saint Augustine of Hippo located in Annaba, Algeria. The basilica is under the circumscription of the Diocese of Constantine. Construction of the basilica began in 1881 and finished on March 29, 1900, though the church was not dedicated until April 24, 1914. The statue of St. Augustine in the basilica contains one of his arm bones. It was built not far from the remains of the Basilica Pacis built by Saint Augustine, where he died while the city was besieged by Vandals.

Cathédrale du Sacré-Cœur d'Oran[edit]

Cathédrale du Sacré-Cœur d'Oran is a Roman Catholic church located on the Place de la Kahina, on Boulevard Hammou-boutlelis, in Oran.[25]

Djama'a al-Djedid[edit]

Djama'a al-Djedid, also referred to as the Jamaa al-Jadid,[26] Jamaa El Jedid, or the New Mosque,[26][27] (Turkish: Yeni Camii, meaning New Mosque[28]) is an Ottoman mosque located in Algiers, the capital of Algeria.[29] It was built in 1660 in accordance with the traditions of the Hanafi school.[27] During the French colonial rule, the mosque was called the Mosquée de la Pêcherie[26] and in English the Mosque of the Fisherman's Wharf.[29]

Great Mosque of Tlemcen[edit]

Great Mosque of Tlemcen was first built in Tlemcen, Algeria in 1082. It is one of the best-preserved examples of Almoravid architecture. It was built under sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin but substantially reconstructed and enlarged by his son Ali ibn Yusuf. An inscription dates this reconstruction to 1136. Sultan Yaghmoracen (1236-1283), the founder of the Abdalwadid dynasty of Tlemcen added a section with a minaret and a dome in the 13th century. Next, to the mosque, there used to be an Islamic court (Makhama) and an Islamic university of considerable fame.

Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque[edit]

Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque is a mosque in Algeria. Formerly the Great Synagogue of Oran (in Arabic: معبد وهران العظيم), it was built in 1880 at the initiative of Simon Kanoui, but its inauguration took place only in 1918.[30] Also known as Temple Israelite, it is located on the former Boulevard Joffre, currently Boulevard Maata Mohamed El Habib. It was one of the largest synagogues in North Africa.

Once Algeria gained its independence in 1962, almost all Algerian Jews had relocated to France. An estimated 100 to 120 thousand Jews, as well as a million European settlers and 100 thousand Muslim Harkis, had fled Algeria choosing to settle in France during the Pied-Noir exodus.[31]

Algerian Jews relocating to France in the 1960s were assigned "repatriate" status and classed alongside the European settler population owing to the fact that the Jews of Algeria had been French citizens since the Crémieux Decree of 1870.

The Abdallah Ibn Salam mosque is named after the 7th-century Jew from Medina who converted to Islam.

Cultural tourism[edit]

Algeria benefits from important natural assets such as its beaches in general still in the wild, landscapes and zones like the Algerian Desert. There are 10 national parks in Algeria, including the Tassili Cultural Park (100,000 ha) or the Ahaggar Cultural Park (Hoggar) (380,000 ha)

Hiking enthusiasts have access to the vast mountains of Kabylia. Despite what is thought, Algeria also has a ski area in Tikjda as well as spas.

Architecturally, there are strong Berber, Arabic, Spanish and French influences following colonization, but also more contemporary works. The main post office in Algiers remains a monument of the neo-Moorish type, the work of Jules Voinot and Marius Toudoire. The Casbah of Algiers is also a place of visit classified as a world heritage of UNESCO since 1982.[32]

National parks of Algeria

National Parks[edit]

Museums[edit]

festivals[edit]

Saharan Tourism[edit]

Panorama of the Ahaggar mountains
Panorama of The Hoggar Mountains
Saltwork formation in the shape of elephant in Illizi
Tuareg on the dune of Timerzouga, place named Tadrart in the town of Djanet

The Algerian Sahara is one of the most important tourist destinations in Algeria, the Great South is a flagship destination internationally. Hiking is not the only way to discover the Sahara, in fact, camel rides on a Meharée camel or in a 4x4 vehicle, or even formulas combining hiking, camel trekking, and 4x4.

The Algerian Desert is located in north-central Africa and is part of the Sahara Desert. The desert occupies more than four-fifths of the Algerian territory. Its expansion starts from the Saharan Atlas, more or less as a stony desert and the farther inland you get the more of a sand dune desert it becomes.

In the southwestern parts is the mountain range Tassili n'Ajjer located. This area is a subject of great archaeological interest and was put up on the "World Heritage List" by UNESCO in 1982.[33] The area is known for extreme aridity and extreme heat, as daytime temperatures are commonly between 46 °C (113 °F) and 51 °C (122 °F) during the hottest period of the year in most of the desert.

Cities and towns such as Ouargla, Touggourt, Beni Abbes, Adrar, In Salah are among the hottest places on Earth during the height of summer. The annual average rainfall is well below 100  mm (3,93 in) in the northernmost part but the center and the southern part receive much less than 50  mm (1,96 in) and are therefore hyper-arid and among the driest places on Earth.

Among the unmissable places of the Sahara in quote:

Therapeutic Tourism[edit]

The rectangular pool of the Hammam Essalihine in Khenchela.

Algeria has many thermal resorts including:

Cuisine[edit]

Ramadan breakfast (Ftour) table.
Cuisine of Algeria
Couscous with vegetables and chickpeas
Couscous with vegetables and chickpeas
Standard Arabic
Abjadالمطبخ الجزائري
RomanizationAl-Maṭbakh al-Jazā'irī
Algerian Arabic
Abjadالكوزينة تاع دزاير
LatinEl Couzina ta3 Dzaïr
Tamazight
Tifinaghⵜⴰⴽⵓⵣⵉⵏⵜ ⵏ ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ
LatinTakuzint n Dzayer
Abjadثاكوزينت ن زّاير
French
FrenchCuisine algérienne
IPA[kɥizin alʒeʁjɛn]

The cuisine of Algeria is a distinct fusion of Andalusian, Berber, Mediterranean. It's differs slightly from region to region. Every region has its own cuisine, including Kabylie, Algiers (couscous)[34] and Constantine.

Algerian Cuisine is influenced by various cultures such as Berber, Arabic, and French. Most of the Algerian dishes are centered around lamb or beef, olive oil, fresh vegetables, and fresh herbs. Traditionally, no Algerian meal is complete without bread, normally a long French baguette or more traditionally a flat semolina bread. Pork consumption is forbidden to devout Muslim inhabitants of Algeria in accordance with Sharia, religious laws of Islam.

Algeria, like other Maghreb countries, produces a large range of Mediterranean fruits and vegetables and even some tropical ones.[35] Lamb is commonly consumed. Mediterranean seafood and fish are also eaten and produced by the little inshore fishing.

Algerians consume a high amount of meat, as it is found in almost every dish. Mutton is the most eaten meat in the country, Poultry and beef are also used, other uncommon types of meat such as game, birds and venison and they are considered a delicacy, wild boar is also hunted and eaten, but pork will not be available in stores, it can only be bought from hunters directly.

Vegetables that are commonly used include potatoes (batata/betetè), carrots (zrodiya), onions (bsel), tomatoes (tomatish/tømètish), zucchini (corget/qar'a), garlic (ethom), cabbages (cromb), and eggplant (badenjan). Olives (zéton) are also used. Vegetables are often used in stews (jwaz/djwizza) and soups (chorba) or simply fried or boiled.

The Kesra, traditional Algerian flatbread, is the base of Algerian cuisine and eaten at many meals. A popular Algerian meal is merguez, an originally Berber sausage.[36][37][38]

A common and one of the most favorite dishes of Algerian cuisine is couscous,[34] with other favorites such as shakshouka, Karantita, marqa bel a'assel, a speciality from Tlemcen, and the dish chakhchoukha. Spices used in Algerian cuisine are dried red chillies of different kinds, caraway, Arabian ras el hanout, black pepper and cumin, among others.

Algerians also use tagines, handmade in Algeria. Frequently Algerian food is cooked in clay vessels, much like Maghrib cuisine. Algerian cuisine represents the region north of the Sahara desert and west of the Nile. Algerian chefs take a lot of pride in cooking skills and methods and their many secrets lie in the variety of ways they mix special spices.

There are many different types of Algerian salads, influenced by the French and Turkish, which may include beetroot or anchovies. There are also dishes of Spanish origin in Algeria, like the Gaspacho Oranais, an Algerian version of a Manchego dish.[39]

Climate[edit]

Northern Algeria is in the temperate zone and has a mild, Mediterranean climate. It lies within approximately the same latitudes as southern California and has somewhat similar climatic conditions. Its broken topography, however, provides sharp local contrasts in both prevailing temperatures and incidence of rainfall. Year-to-year variations in climatic conditions are also common.[40] This area, the most inhabited in Algeria, is commonly referred to as the Tell.

Transportation[edit]

As the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean region, Algeria has a vast transportation system which includes many transportation infrastructures.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ L’Algérie, 4ème pays le plus visité en Afrique en 2013
  2. ^ SNAT a l'horizon 2025 Archived 2009-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Bellini, Nicola; Pasquinelli, Cecilia (2016-08-29). Tourism in the City: Towards an Integrative Agenda on Urban Tourism. Springer. ISBN 9783319268774.
  4. ^ https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/overall-full-list
  5. ^ http://www.algerie-focus.com/2018/01/tourisme-constantine-lune-huit-villes-a-visiter-monde-2018-selon-usa-today/amp/
  6. ^ Les NTIC au service du tourisme
  7. ^ Algérie, le voyage du cœur
  8. ^ Eductour décembre 2011
  9. ^ "Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Djémila". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  11. ^ "Kasbah of Algiers". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  12. ^ "M'zab Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Tassili n'Ajjer". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  14. ^ "Timgad". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  15. ^ "Tipaza". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  16. ^ "Africa :: ALGERIA". CIA The World Factbook.
  17. ^ "Africa: Algeria". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  18. ^ "Kasbah of Algiers". Unesco. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  19. ^ "Algiers Kasbah: 1992Evaluation" (pdf). Unesco. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  20. ^ McDougall, James (2006). History and the culture of nationalism in Algeria. Cambridge University Press. pp. 217–220. ISBN 0-521-84373-1. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  21. ^ "Visit the Historic Ketchaoua Mosque in Algiers". Algeria.com. Retrieved 2010-11-12.
  22. ^ Delorme, Christian (2008). L'émir Abd-el-Kader à Lyon: 12-13 décembre 1852. Lyon: M. Chomarat. p. 59. ISBN 9782908185676.
  23. ^ "Notre Dame d'Afrique and Carmelite Convent, Algiers, Algeria". World Digital Library. 1899. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
  24. ^ "Algiers Viewed from Outside Notre Dame d'Afrique". World Digital Library. 1899. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
  25. ^ Auzias, Jean-Paul Labourdette, Dominique (27 October 2010). Algérie. Petit Futé. p. 264. ISBN 978-2-7469-2575-5. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  26. ^ a b c Papadopoulo, Alexandre (1979), Islam and Muslim Art, Harry N. Abrams, p. 280, ISBN 0810906414
  27. ^ a b Lafer, Ali (2017), "Djama'a al-Djedid (New Mosque)", Discover Islamic Art, Museum with No Frontiers
  28. ^ Yenişehirlioğlu, Filiz (1989), Ottoman architectural works outside Turkey, T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı, p. 34, ISBN 9759550105
  29. ^ a b Belakehal, Azeddine; Aoul, Kheira Tabet; Farhi, Abdallah (2015), "Daylight as a Design Strategy in the Ottoman Mosques of Tunisia and Algeria", International Journal of Architectural Heritage, Taylor & Francis, 10 (6): 42, doi:10.1080/15583058.2015.1020458
  30. ^ http://80.244.168.89/Communities/Archive/Oran.aspAlso[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ Pied-Noir
  32. ^ algeriantourism.com
  33. ^ "Tassili n'Ajjer - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
  34. ^ a b "Luce Ben Aben, Moorish Women Preparing Couscous, Algiers, Algeria". World Digital Library. 1899. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
  35. ^ "Food in Algeria". Food in Every Country (website). Accessed May 2010.
  36. ^ French words: Past, Present, and Future. M.H. Offered. 2001. Page 89.
  37. ^ Research in African Literatures. Volume 34. 2003. Page 34.
  38. ^ Merquez and Qadid, North-African preserved meats.http://www.cliffordawright.com/caw/food/entries/display.php/topic_id/20/id/41/.
  39. ^ "Gaspacho Oranais ou manchego". Coundris.chez-alice.fr. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  40. ^ "Algeria - Climate and Hydrology". countrystudies.us. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]