Tourism in Bihar
Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار, pronounced [bɪˈɦaːr] ( listen)) in eastern India is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world with a history going back 3000 years. The rich culture and heritage of Bihar is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments that are dotted all over the state. Bihar is home to many tourist attractions and is visited by large numbers of tourists from all over the world. Around total 6 million tourists visit Bihar every year.
- 1 History of tourism
- 2 Archaeological sites
- 3 Pilgrimages
- 4 Buildings and structures
- 5 Museums
- 6 Eco Center
- 7 Fairs and festivals
- 8 Connectivity and access
- 9 See also
- 10 Outline of Tourism in India
- 11 Footnotes
- 12 External links
History of tourism
The documented history of tourism in Bihar region dates back to the 4th century BCE. Greek geographer Megasthenes (c. 350–290 BC) visited the region in reign of Chandragupta Maurya. His observations were recorded in Indika. Dionysius was son of Megasthenes, who visited Pataliputra in reign of Ashoka. Hsuan-Tsang and I Ching visited Nalanda to study in the 7th century. educational tourism as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.
- Vishnupada Temple
- Mahabodhi Temple
- Maner Sharif
- Brahmayoni Hill
- Pretshila Hill
- Ramshila Hill
- Thawe Mandir
- Rohtasgarh Fort
- Sasaram Fort
- Palamu Fort
- Maner Fort
- Jalalgarh Fort
- Raj Mahal
- Munger Fort
- Hathua Fort
- Mahavir Mandir
- West Champaran
- Thawe mandir
The capital of Bihar, Patna is one of the holiest city in Sikhism, as The tenth Guru of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh was born here in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur. Patna was also honoured by visits from Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666.
- Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb - is, one of the Five Takhts of the Sikhism. The Gurdwara at Patna Sahib is in remembrance of the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, The tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
- Gurdwara Pahila Bara - commonly known as Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, is dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev, who during his visit in to Patna stayed here in 1509 and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family visited this place in 1666.
- Gurdwara Gobind Ghat - is where the child Guru Gobind Singh used to play with his playmates on the bank of the Ganges. It is situated on the bank of river Ganges and hardly 200 yards from Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb. It is also known as Gurdwara Kangan Ghat.
- Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh - This Gurdwara is situated 2 miles far from the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh.
- Gurdwara Bal Leela - This place is just few meters away from Takhat Patna Sahib. Guru ji were playing with other children during his childhoodied Gurdwara Bal Leela is also known as Maini Sangat.
- Gurdwara Handi Sahib - This Gurdwara was built in the memory of Guru Teg Bahadur. As Guru Teg Bahadur with Mata Gujri and Bala Preetam stayed here in 1728
- Gurdwara Taksali Sangat
- Gurdwara Chacha Phaggu Mal
- Gurdwara Pakki Sangat
- Gurdwara Bari Sangat Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji Chauki
- Maner Sharif
- Bihar Sharif
- Phulwari Sharif
- Rajgir - Rajgir is supposed to be to be birthplace of Munisuvrata, the twentieth Tirthankara
- Pawapuri - Bhagwan Mahavira, the last Jain Tirthankar, attained Nirvana from Pawapuri.
- Champapur - Champapur is a Jain Teerth Kshetra. It is the place where all the five kalyanaks of Bhagwan Vasupujya have taken place. The tallest statue of Bhagwan Vasupujya which stands 31 Feet in height was built in Champapur in 2014. The Panch Kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsav of the statue was done from 27 Feb to 3 Mar 2014.
- Padri Ki Haveli
- Hawa Mahal
Buildings and structures
- Bihar Museum - currently opened only partially and under construction, would be the state museum replacing Patna Museum.
- Patna Museum - is the state museum of Bihar. It was built by the British during the British Raj in the year 1917 to house the historical artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna.
- Jalan Museum
- Darbhanga Museum
- Nalanda Museum
- Bodh Gaya Museum
- Vaishali Museum
- Vikramshila Museum
- Patna Planetarium - is one of the largest planetariums in Asia. The Patna Planetarium was dedicated to the Nation and opened for the public from April 1, 1993.
- Srikrishna Science Centre - This institution forms a unit of the National Council of Science Museums, an autonoums body under the ministry of Culture. It is located at south-western corner of the Gandhi Maidan.
- Valmiki National Park
- Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
- Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
- Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan - is classified as one of the 16 large zoos in the country and is also known as Patna Zoo. This is situated on Bailey Road in Patna.
- Kakolat Waterfall
- Telhar Waterfall
- Karkat Waterfall
Fairs and festivals
Connectivity and access
Bihar is also an important transit point of Bihar for the tourists dropping in from the other states of India. Bihar is well-connected by air, rail and road transport.
- By air
Patna has its own airport known as Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport or Airport Patna. It is a national airport and it is connected to all major cities of India via daily flights. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar and Jharkhand which 96 km from Patna. It is an international airport which is connected to Colombo, Sri Lanka through two airline operators: Bangkok, Thailand, Singapore, and Bhutan.
- By rail
Bihar is strategically located in the main line of the East Central Railway and therefore connected with important cities of India and most cities within Bihar.
- By road
The cities of Bihar are well connected by public transport including both private and government transport. The cities are interconnected as well as connected with the capital. The roadways also connected to adjacent states and regular bus service is available for different cities of adjacent states like Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh. The roadways also connects to Nepal. To boost the state roadways, the state government have introduced Mercedes Benz luxury buses. The Mercedes luxury buses, 92 in number, ply between 17 routes including Patna, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Ranchi and Jamshedpur.
Outline of Tourism in India
- List of World Heritage Sites in India
- List of national parks of India
- List of lakes of India
- List of waterfalls in India
- List of State Protected Monuments in India
- List of beaches in India
- Incredible India
- List of Geographical Indications in India
- Medical tourism in India
- List of botanical gardens in India
- List of hill stations in India
- List of gates in India
- List of zoos in India
- List of protected areas of India
- List of aquaria in India
- List of forts in India
- List of forests in India
- Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India
- Hindu pilgrimage sites in India
- List of rock-cut temples in India
- Wildlife sanctuaries of India
- List of rivers of India
- List of mountains in India
- List of ecoregions in India
- Coral reefs in India
- List of stadiums in India
- http://www.tourism.gov.in/survey/BIHAR%20TOURISM%20ANNUAL%20STATISTICS%20%20REPORT%20Final.pdf Statics Tourism in Bihar on Indian Government's tourism website
- http://www.mssu.edu/projectsouthasia/history/primarydocs/Foreign_Views/GreekRoman/Megasthenes-Indika.htm Surviving text of Indika - book by Megasthenes
- Pliny the Elder, "The Natural History", Chap. 21
- Wriggins, Sally Hovey. Xuanzang: A Buddhist Pilgrim on the Silk Road. Westview Press, 1996. Revised and updated as The Silk Road Journey With Xuanzang. Westview Press, 2003. ISBN 0-8133-6599-6.
- A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Reprint: New York, Paragon Book Reprint Corp. 1965. ISBN 0-486-21344-7
- http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Cities/Patna/Mandir_trust_submits_Rs_35-cr_budget/articleshow/3017191.cms Budget of Mahavir Mandir
- Johar, Surinder Singh (1979). Guru Gobind Singh: A Study. Marwah Publications. p. 23.
- http://www.gurbaani.com/gurd/gurdawaras6.htm Gurdwara Pahila Bara
- http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Kangan-Ghat.aspx Gurdwara Gobind Ghat
- http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Guru-Ka-Bagh.aspx Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh
- http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Bal-Leela.aspx Gurdwara Bal Leela
- http://www.takhatpatnasahib.com/Gurdwara-Haandi-Saheb.aspx Gurdwara Handi Sahib
- The State Museum Bihar, India - Patna Museum
- http://patna.bih.nic.in/html/planetarium.htm Patna Planetarium
- http://dst.bih.nic.in/Planetarium.htm Patna Planetarium
- Exhibits / Facilities at Srikrishna Science Centre
- http://forest.bih.nic.in/SGBPark.htm Patna Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan