Tourism in London

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Tourists at Buckingham Palace.
A tourist stall selling various London and United Kingdom related souvenirs on the edge of Trafalgar Square on the Strand.
Tourists consulting a map near St Paul's Cathedral.
A signpost on Parliament Square with directions for nearby attractions

London is one of the world's leading tourism destinations, and the city is home to an array of famous tourist attractions. The city attracted 20.42 million international visitors in 2018, making it one of the world's most visited in terms of international visits.[1] It welcomed an additional 27.8 million overnighting domestic tourists in 2017[2], and had 280 million daytrippers in 2015 [3]. Overall London sees in nearly 50 million overnighters each year, and over 300 million visitors if including daytrippers.

Effect on the economy[edit]

The Travel & Tourism sector in the United Kingdom contributed GBP66.3 billion to the GDP, 3.4% of total GDP in 2016 and will rise by 2.2% pa, from 2017-2027, to GBP84.6 billion, 3.6% of total GDP in 2027.[4]

In 2011 visitors to London spent £9.4 billion, which is a little more than half of the total amount international visitors spent in the whole of the United Kingdom the same year.[5]

The tourism sector employed 700,000 people in 2013 according to Deloitte – Oxford Economics, accounting for 11.6 percent of the capital's GDP.[6]

Notable attractions[edit]

The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel located on the edge of the River Thames. It is 135 metres tall and has a diameter of 120 metres. A short walk away, the area boasts the London Aquarium, Big Ben, the Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey and Nelson's Column. In 2013, the tallest building in London, the Shard, opened a viewing platform to the public. Other major tourist attractions in London include the Tower of London, Buckingham Palace (although this is only open to the public during a limited number of months in the summer), Tower Bridge Experience, Madame Tussauds, ZSL London Zoo, London Dungeon and St Paul's Cathedral.

The Association of Leading Visitor Attractions indicated that the following were the Top 10 visitor attractions in 2017:[7]

Museums and galleries[edit]

There are many museums and art galleries in the London area, the majority of which are free to enter. Many of them are popular places for tourism. In addition to Tate Modern and the National Gallery, notable galleries include Tate Britain and the National Portrait Gallery.

Parks and open spaces[edit]

London has several parks for tourists to stroll, rest and relax in. They include Hyde Park, Regent's Park, Green Park, St. James's Park, Hampstead Heath and Greenwich Park.[8]

Economics[edit]

In spite of heavy traffic, several companies operate tour buses in London.

London attracted 16.8 million foreign visitors in 2013, they accounted for 51.4% of all visitors[9]. Below is the visitors information:

Public transportation[edit]

Public transportation is essential in transporting tourists to and from attractions, and deciding the means of and cost of their travel.[10] Public transportation can also be an attraction in itself.[11] London offers many forms of public transportation: the Underground (commonly referred to as the Tube)[12], double-decker red buses, and taxis. Tourists can purchase Travelcards to take the Tube, bus, or overground trains through designated zones.[13] The Transport for London website provides maps, information on line closures, and a "Plan a journey" feature in which one can enter a location and a destination to determine which buses, Tube stations, and walking directions are necessary for a trip.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simon Kyte (May 2012). Tourism in London (PDF). Greater London Authority. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-84781-496-8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Domestic overnight stays in London 2008-2017 | UK Statistic". Statista. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  3. ^ "London and Domestic Tourism Report 2015". https://files.londonandpartners.com/l-and-p/assets/our-insight-london-tourism-review-2014-15.pdf. External link in |website= (help)
  4. ^ "UNITED KINGDOM2017 ANNUAL RESEARCH: KEY FACTS" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Record Year as 19 million tourists visit London". London Evening Standard. May 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  6. ^ http://files.londonandpartners.com/l-and-p/assets/london_tourism_vision_aug_2017.pdf
  7. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-43417939
  8. ^ https://www.visitlondon.com/things-to-do/openspace/best-parks-in-london
  9. ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/ott/travel-trends/2013/sty.html
  10. ^ Inkson, Clare; Minnaert, Lynn. Tourism Management: an introduction. Sage. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-84860-869-6.
  11. ^ Le-Klähn, Diem-Trinh. Stefan Gössling; Colin Michael Hall; Daniel Scott (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of Tourism and Sustainability. Routledge. p. 441. ISBN 978-0-415-66248-2.
  12. ^ "Discover the London's Best Underground Sights - Fare Buzz". www.farebuzz.com. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Visitor tickets". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 August 2018.

External links[edit]