Tourism in South Korea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Deoksugung palace in Seoul, a popular visitor attraction

Tourism in South Korea refers to the tourist industry in the Republic of Korea. In 2012, 11.1 million foreign tourists visited South Korea, making it the 20th most visited country in the world, and the 6th most visited in Asia.[1][2] Most non-Korean tourists come from Japan, China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. The recent popularity of Korean popular culture, often known as the "Korean Wave", in these countries has increased tourist arrivals.[citation needed] Seoul is the principal tourist destination for visitors; popular tourist destinations outside of Seoul include Seorak-san national park, the historic city of Gyeongju and subtropical Jeju Island.[citation needed] Traveling to North Korea is not normally possible without a special permission, but in recent years organized group tours have allowed groups of South Korean citizens to visit Mount Kumgang.

Korean tourism industry[edit]

The majority of the South Korean tourist industry is supported by domestic tourism. Thanks to the country's extensive network of trains and buses, most of the country lies within a day's round trip of any major city. International tourists come primarily from nearby countries in Asia. Japan, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan together account for roughly 75% of the total number of international tourists.[3] In addition, the Korean Wave has brought increasing numbers of tourists from Southeast Asia and India. The Korea Tourism Organization (KTO) is targeting 100,000 arrivals from India in 2013.[4]

Travel destinations of Korean tourists[edit]

The number of Korean domestic tourists has increased since 2010. The number of people who participated in domestic travel (which includes one day trips) was about 238.3 million (in 2015). It increased by 4.9% compared to 2014 (227.1 million).[5] In 2014, Korean's domestic tourism expenditure was ₩14.4 trillion.[6]

Also, Korean oversea tourists are keep increasing since 2010. From 2012 to 2014, the number of people travelling overseas has risen by about 8.2% on average. In 2014, number of Korean oversea tourists was about 16.1 million. And Korean oversea tourism expenditure was $19,469.9 million.[7]

History[edit]

In the past, South Koreans were not likely to travel overseas, due to the Korean War and subsequent economic difficulties, as well as government restrictions on overseas travel, with passports issued only for a narrow range of reasons, such as traveling abroad on government businesses, for technical training, and so on. Since the 1960s, overseas travel restrictions and regulations have been continuously reviewed to prevent foreign currency waste from traveling abroad. However, during the 1980s, the liberalization of international travel has begun to take place in catering to the globalization of the South Korea society. Since then, South Koreans have been able to travel freely abroad.[8]

The busy lifestyle of modern South Koreans, leading to difficulties in mediating vacations with family or friends, and the increase in one-person households, have contributed to the growing number of South Koreans traveling alone. Therefore, the popularity of destinations close to South Korea, where South Koreans can go for short vacations alone, are increasing. According to the results of a plane ticket analysis in 2016, the top foreign destination for South Koreans is Osaka, followed by Bangkok and Tokyo. Moreover, Osaka, Tokyo, and Shanghai have high re-visit rates for South Koreans. However European destinations such as London, Paris, and Rome have fallen in re-visit rating, due to geographical distances, expensive air fares and high costs.[9]

Japan–South Korea tourist comparison 2005-2015

Since Lee Myung-bak's visit to the Liancourt Rocks and his demand for an apology from the Emperor of Japan over Japanese colonialism in Korea in 2012, the Japanese public's image of South Korea deteriorated significantly. Japanese tourists to South Korea declined by half from 3.5 million in 2012 to 1.8 million in 2015, while South Korean tourists to Japan doubled from 2 million in 2012 to 4 million in 2015.[10][11][12]

International tourists typically enter the country through Incheon International Airport, near Seoul, which was found to be the world's best airport in 2006.[13] Also international airports in Busan and Jeju are frequently used.

Statistics[edit]

Year Number of international tourists
arriving in S. Korea [14]
2003 5,347,468
2004 4,752,762
2005 5,818,138
2006 6,022,752
2007 6,155,046
2008 6,448,240
2009 6,890,841
2010 7,817,533
2011 8,797,658
2012 9,794,796
2013 11,140,028
2014 12,175,550
2015 14,201,516
2016 17,241,823

In 2013, travel and tourism (domestic and international) directly contributed KRW26.7 trillion to South Korean GDP and directly supported 617,500 jobs in the country.[15]

Most visitors arriving to South Korea for tourism by nationality:[16]

Rank Country 2016 2015
1  China 6,948,372 4,712,133
2  Japan 2,213,099 1,742,531
3  Taiwan 816,953 504,233
4  United States 659,657 573,194
5  Hong Kong 638,838 511,703
6  Thailand 399,812 305,953
7  Malaysia 280,039 199,705
8  Singapore 199,106 142,879
9  Philippines 173,115 138,257
10  Vietnam 167,413 91,455
Total foreign tourists 13,932,925 10,135,489
Ntty2015.png
Year Number of domestic tourist per year[17][18][19]
2015 38,307,303
2014 38,027,454
2013 37,800,004
2012 36,914,067
2011 35,013,090
2010 30,916,690
2009 31,201,294
NTTD 2015.png
Number of Tourist by Travel Destination 2015[18]
Administrative divisions Number of tourist
Seoul 12,451,891
Busan 7,158,553
Daegu 3,163,161
Incheon 4,407,063
Gwangju 2,135,332
Daejeon 2,984,929
Ulsan 1,632,410
Sejong 333,329
Gyeonggi Province 15,451,755
Gangwon Province 11,559,005
North Chungcheong Province 5,141,110
South Chungcheong Province 9,944,616
North Jeolla Province 6,760,830
South Jeolla Province 8,063,538
North Gyeongsang Province 8,822,201
South Gyeongsang Province 8,479,567
Jeju Special Self-governing Province 4,732,494
Number of overseas trip tourist.png
NKEPD2015.png
Year Number of overseas trip tourist[18]
2015 19,310,430
2014 16,080,684
2013 14,846,485
2012 13,736,976
2011 12,693,733
2010 12,488,364
2009 9,494,111
Number of Korean exit passenger by destination 2015[20]
Destination Number of Korean exit passenger
Asia Japan 4,002,052
China 4,444,400
Taiwan 658,757
Hong Kong 1,243,293
Thailand 1,372,994
Vietnam 1,152,349
Macao 554,177
Singapore 577,082
Philippines 1,339,678
Malaysia 421,161
Indonesia 375,586
Turkey 222,580
Africa South Africa 13,561
Europe Germany 296,900
United Kingdom 237,166
Austria 277,032
America United States 1,764,871
Canada 188,585
Oceania Australia 230,100

Tourist attractions[edit]

South Korea's historical tourist attractions include the ancient capitals of Seoul, Gyeongju and Buyeo.

Some natural landmarks include the peaks of the Baekdudaegan, particularly Seorak-san and Jiri-san, the caves of Danyang and Hwanseongul, and beaches such as Haeundae and Mallipo.

Apart from Jeju island, there are many smaller islands. Excursion ferries are quite common along the south and west coasts and also to Ulleung-do Island, off the east coast. Limited tourism mainly by South Koreans to the Liancourt Rocks (Dokdo) has grown in recent years as a result of the political status of the rocks.

Many local districts hold annual festivals, such as the Boryeong Mud Festival and the Cheongdo Bullfighting Festival.

Major tourist destinations[edit]

Seoul[edit]

Gyeongbokgung Palace in Seoul

The population of Seoul is 9,981,673 and it's the largest city in South Korea. As many people gather, there are many cultural spaces such as festivals, performances, shopping places, and tourist attractions in Seoul. To foreigners, Seoul is an attractive place because traditional Korean culture and modern culture co-exists. People in South Korea come to Seoul to enjoy various cultural activities.[21] Due to the metropolitan area centralization of cultural infrastructure, there is a cultural gap between Seoul and other regions.[22] According to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, 36.4 percent of the total cultural infrastructure such as public library, museum, and art galleries are concentrated in Seoul. Therefore, many people in South Korea travel to Seoul.

Busan[edit]

Busan is the second largest city in South Korea. It is located in the southeastern coast in Korea, so Busan has abundant tourist attractions such as beach and hot spring. People in South Korea visit beaches in Busan in hot summer. Also, there are various festivals in Busan. 11 festivals are held annually, including local festivals and art events. Busan sea festival is held every August and Busan International Film Festival is held every October. Jagalchi Cultural Festival is developed into a representative cultural tourism festival in Korea. Because of these various festivals and places, many people travel to Busan. Also, the influence of Social Network Service made Busan a popular tourist attraction. The official Facebook of the Busan Culture and Tourism Ministry and official blog sites promote the tourist attractions in Busan.

Daegu[edit]

Incheon[edit]

Gwangju[edit]

Daejeon[edit]

  • Hanbat Arboretum
  • Yuseong Hot Springs
  • Expo Park
  • Daejeon Museum of Art

Gyeonggi Province[edit]

Gangwon Province[edit]

Seoraksan in Gangwon Province

North Chungcheong Province[edit]

South Chungcheong Province[edit]

North Jeolla Province[edit]

South Jeolla Province[edit]

North Gyeongsang Province[edit]

Bulguksa Temple in Gyeongju

South Gyeongsang Province[edit]

Jeju Special Self-governing Province[edit]

Events[edit]

South Korea has hosted many international events, including the 1988 Summer Olympics, the 1993 Taejon Expo, the 2002 FIFA World Cup (jointly hosted with Japan), the 2005 APEC conference, the 2010 G-20 Seoul summit and the 2014 Asian Games.

The 2018 Winter Olympics will be held in Pyeongchang.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UNTWO (June 2008). "UNTWO World Tourism Barometer, Vol.5 No.2" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  2. ^ Kolesnikov-Jessop, Sonia (2010-11-11). "South Korea Sets Its Sights on Foreign Tourists". nytimes.com. 
  3. ^ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, NATIONAL TOURISM POLICY REVIEW REPUBLIC OF KOREA, July 2002, Page 2, Table 2
  4. ^ "South Korea in hot pursuit of Indians". TTGmice. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "국민여행 총량" [Gross national travel amount] (in Korean). 2016-09-23. 
  6. ^ 이 (Lee), 태훈 (Taehun) (2016-09-06). "국내 관광 5% 늘면 1조2000억 효과" [If domestic tourism increase by 5%, it's effect make 1.2 trillion won]. hankyung.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-10-31. 
  7. ^ "2015년 12월 외래객입국·국민해외여행객 및 관광수입·지출 동향" [foreign entrance·nation outbound traveler and tourism income·expense trend December 2015]. 한국 관광 통계 (in Korean). 한국관광공사(Korea Tourism Organization). 2016. 
  8. ^ "1989년 1월 7일 경향신문, 네이버 뉴스 라이브러리" (in Korean). 1989-01-07. 
  9. ^ "한국인이 가장 많이 떠나는 즉흥 여행 1위 '오사카'…2위 '도쿄'" [Korean's most favorite spontaneous travel destinations]. 국제신문(Kookje News) (in Korean). 2016-09-08. 
  10. ^ "Aide's memoir tells why S. Korean president demanded apology from emperor". The Asahi Shimbun. January 6, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Foreign visitors to Japan" (PDF). Japan National Tourism Organization. 
  12. ^ "Press release" (PDF). Japan National Tourism Organization. 
  13. ^ Phillips, Don (March 7, 2006). "Travelers call Incheon best airport". International Herald Tribune. 
  14. ^ "Visitor Arrivals". Korea Tourism Organization. 
  15. ^ "2013 Travel & Tourism Economic Impact Report South Korea" (PDF). World Travel & Tourism Council. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ "2012국민여행실태조사최종보고서" [Korean National Tourism Survey 2012]. kto.visitkorea.or.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  18. ^ a b c "2015국민여행실태조사보고서" [Korea National Tourism Survey 2015]. kto.visitkorea.or.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  19. ^ "2009년국민여행실태조사" [Korea National Tourism Survey 2009]. kto.visitkorea.or.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  20. ^ "국민해외관광객 주요 행선지통계(2016. 10월 작성)" [Nation overseas tourist's major destination survey(Oct. 2016)] (in Korean). 한국관광공사(Korea Tourism Organization). 2016-10-31. 
  21. ^ 조 (Jo), 용철 (Yongcheol) (2016-10-10). "지역간 문화격차 ‘참담’" [Cultural gap between regions are big problem] (in Korean). 파이낸셜뉴스(Financial News). 
  22. ^ 김(Kim), 동민(Dongmin) (2016-10-13). "이종배 "문화 향유기회 확대 및 문화격차 해소해야"" ["Expand the scope of cultures and eliminate cultural gaps" Lee Jongbae] (in Korean). 충북일보(Chungbugilbo). 

Further reading[edit]

  • Korean Overseas Information Service (2004). Handbook of Korea 4th ed. Seoul: Hollym. ISBN 1-56591-212-8. 

External links[edit]