Tourism in Taiwan

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Tourism in Taiwan is one of the major industries and contributor to the economy of Taiwan. In 2015, Taiwan received roughly 10 million international visitors.[1] Tourism affairs are managed by the Tourism Bureau of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications of Taiwan.

Tourist destinations[edit]

There are numerous attractions in Taiwan. Major national icons or tourist attractions include:

City / Area Attraction Description
Taipei National Palace Museum One of the largest museums in the world holding Chinese artifacts with over 696,000 pieces. The museum was built after the collection was evacuated from mainland China in 1949 to prevent Communist China from controlling and ultimately destroying any artifacts as part of the Cultural Revolution.
Taipei Presidential Office Building, Taipei The building housing the Office of the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan). It originally housed the Office of the Governor-General of Taiwan when Taiwan was part of the Empire of Japan from 1895 to 1945.
Taipei Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall A Memorial Hall built to honor the late President and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
Taipei Taipei 101 Formerly the tallest building in the world from 2004 to 2010. Consisting of 101 floors it is primarily a commercial office building with restaurants, clubs, commercial stores and tourist observatories.
Taipei Shilin Night Market A night market located in the Shilin District of Taipei, and is often considered to be the largest and most famous night market in the city.
Taipei Mengjia Longshan Temple One of the oldest temples in Taipei.
Hualien Taroko National Park One of Taiwan's national parks, with the landmark being Taroko Gorge.
Tainan Fort Zeelandia and Fort Provintia The oldest city and once an old capital of Taiwan, the city is dotted with ancient temples, shrines and fortress. Tainan is also famous for its traditional Taiwanese cuisine and night markets.
Taichung/ Nantou Sun Moon Lake A popular scenic spot. The lake is the largest body of water in Taiwan, situated in Yuchi, Nantou, the area around the Sun Moon Lake is home to the Taiwanese indigenous Thao tribe.
Kenting Spring Scream An annual outdoor music festival held in early April, featuring local and international folk, punk, and rock musicians and artists.
Chiayi Alishan National Scenic Area A mountainous natural preserve that includes vibrant wilderness, forests, four villages, waterfalls, high altitude tea plantations, and the famous Alishan Forest Railway, and several hiking trails. It is also a famous flower spotting, particularly cherry blossom, destination during spring time.

Tourism Statistics[edit]

Chinese mainland tourists in Taiwan

International Visitors in Taiwan[edit]

Share of visitors to Taiwan by nationality in 2017

The top 12 nationalities of international visitors for tourism purpose (pleasure) are:

Rank Country / Territory 2016
1  China 2,845,547
2  Hong Kong and  Macau 1,397,233
3  Japan 1,379,233
4  South Korea 693,224
5  Malaysia 339,710
6  Singapore 292,240
7  United States 166,044
8  Thailand 110,116
9  Canada 54,987
10  Philippines 48,198
11  Vietnam 36,839
12  Indonesia 32,868
Source: Tourism Bureau, Taiwan [2][1][3][4]

The top 12 international visitors in Taiwan for all purposes are:

Rank Country / Territory 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
1  China 2,695,615 2,732,549 3,511,734 4,184,102 3,987,152 2,874,702
2  Japan 1,969,151 1,898,854 1,895,702 1,627,229 1,634,790 1,421,550
3  Hong Kong  Macau 1,653,654 1,692,063 1,614,803 1,513,597 1,375,770 1,183,342
4  South Korea 1,019,441 1,054,708 884,397 658,757 527,684 351,301
5  United States 580,072 561,365 523,888 479,452 458,691 414,060
6  Malaysia 526,129 528,010 474,420 431,481 439,240 394,326
7  Vietnam 490,774 383,329 196,636 146,380 137,177 118,467
8  Singapore 427,222 425,577 407,267 393,037 376,235 364,733
9  Philippines 419,105 290,784 172,475 139,217 136,978 99,698
10  Thailand 320,008 292,534 195,640 124,409 104,812 104,138
11  Indonesia 210,985 189,631 188,720 177,743 182,704 171,299
12  Canada 128,456 117,687 106,197 90,666 88,601 72,693
Grand Total 11,066,707 10,739,601 10,690,279 10,439,785 9,910,204 8,016,280
Source: Tourism Bureau, Taiwan [1][3][4]

The total tourist arrivals in Taiwan in 2016 was 10.7 million people.[5]

Types of tourism[edit]

Tourism in Taiwan (ROC) is limited to business, pleasure, visiting relatives, conferences, study, exhibitions, medical treatment and others.[6]

There has been a surge in tourism numbers noticeably around election time in ROC, especially tourists from PRC as there are no democratic elections in PRC.[7] However, tourists from mainland China have declined significantly since President Tsai Ing-Wen took office in 2016.[8] Tsai is a member of the Democratic Progressive Party which supports "Taiwan independence", which the Chinese Communist government opposes.[8] Therefore, the Chinese government has reduced the number of travel visas issued to Taiwan.

Domestic tourism[edit]

In 2015, 87% of Taiwanese had domestic travel for their tourism activities, in which the Kenting National Park became their most favorite destination. They spent an average of NT$9,323 per capita for each vacation, which was mainly for accommodation expenditure.[9]

Tourism revenue[edit]

The 2013 annual income for Taiwan from tourism-related industries topped at NT$366.8 billion (US$12.3 billion), an increase of 4.7% from the previous year. The average daily spending of each tourist in 2013 was US$224.07, a decrease of 4.37% from the previous year.[10]

In 2015, total revenue from tourism amounted US$14.39 billion, with an average daily spending by each visitor of US$208.[5]

Stay duration[edit]

In 2015, the average length of stay for each tourist visiting Taiwan was 6.63 nights.[5]

UNESCO Status[edit]

Taiwan has yet to nominate possible inscriptions in any UNESCO networks, such as UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists, World Heritage List, World Network of Biosphere Reserves, Creative Cities Network, and Global Geoparks Network, due to China's rejection of the country's entrance to UNESCO.[11]

Tourism Infrastructure[edit]

International airports[edit]

Tourists mainly arrive by air and Taoyuan International Airport serves as the most popular airport bringing international tourists into Taiwan as it is the largest airport in Taiwan and important regional hub. Other major airports in Taiwan which facilitate international visitors include Kaohsiung International Airport servicing southern Taiwan, Taichung Airport servicing central Taiwan and Taipei Songshan Airport servicing central Taipei.

Ground Transportation in Taiwan[edit]

Tourists are able to travel around the island by using a wide variety of transportation modes. The most popular ways are Taiwan High Speed Rail, conventional trains on Taiwan Railways, and the metropolitan cities' metro systems such as the Taipei Metro, Taoyuan Metro, and Kaohsiung MRT as a result of multiple transport hubs which allow travellers to easily transfer between the different systems. A tourist buss called "Taiwan Tourist Shuttle"[12] and taxis are also popular.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tourism Bureau, M.O.T.C. Republic of China (Taiwan) Visitor Arrivals by Residence, 2014". Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Annual reports". Taiwan Tourism Bureau. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Tourism Bureau, M.O.T.C. Republic of China (Taiwan) Visitor Arrivals by Residence, 2014". admin.taiwan.net.tw. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  4. ^ a b "Tourism Bureau, M.O.T.C. Republic of China (Taiwan) Visitor Arrivals by Residence, 2013". admin.taiwan.net.tw. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  5. ^ a b c "Taiwan's tourism revenue fell in 2015 despite higher arrivals: DGBAS - Economics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  6. ^ "Tourism Bureau, M.O.T.C. Republic of China (Taiwan) Visitor Arrivals by Purpose of Visit, 2014". admin.taiwan.net.tw. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  7. ^ "Taiwan: Chinese tourists flock to see elections". bbc.com. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  8. ^ a b Horton, Chris (2017-05-17). "With Chinese Tourism Down, Taiwan Looks to Lure Visitors From Southeast Asia". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
  9. ^ "Nearly 90% of Taiwanese have staycations last year: poll - Economics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  10. ^ "Tourism income reaches record high in 2013: bureau - The China Post". chinapost.com.tw. Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  11. ^ https://english.moc.gov.tw/informationlist_130.html
  12. ^ Taiwan Tourist Shuttle

External links[edit]