Tourism in Vietnam

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Hội An a trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century.

Imperial City, Huế the former imperial capital of Vietnam.

Tourism in Vietnam is a component of the modern Vietnamese economy. In 2012, Vietnam received more than 6.8 million international arrivals, up from 2.1 million in the year 2000. The annual increase represented a rebound from a decline in 2008 Great Recession. The Vietnam National Administration of Tourism is following a long-term plan to diversify the tourism industry, which brings foreign exchange into the country.[1]

Tourist arrivals in Vietnam have continued to rise in recent years. In 2008, Vietnam received 4.218 million international tourists, in 2009 the number was 3.8 million, down 11%. In 2012, Vietnam receives 6.84 million tourists.[2] This was a 13% increase from 2011 figure of 6 million international visitors, which was itself a rise of 2 million visitors relative to 2010 arrivals. In 2016, Vietnam welcomed 10 million international visitors which represented a 26% increase from the previous year.[3][4]

Tourism in the economy[edit]

Tourism is important in Vietnam. For backpackers, culture and nature lovers, beach-lovers, military soldiers and veterans, Vietnam has become a new tourist destination in Southeast Asia. Local and international tour operators offer tours to ethnic minority groups, walking and bicycle tours, photography tours, kayak trips and multi-country trips in particular with neighboring Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. Foreign tourists have been able to travel freely in the country since 1997.

The economy of Vietnam has transformed from an agrarian to a service economy. More than a third of gross domestic product is generated by services, which include the hotel and catering industry and transportation. The manufacturing and construction (28 percent), agriculture and fisheries (20 percent) and mining (10 percent) have much smaller shares.[5]

Tourism contributes 4.5 percent to gross domestic product (as of 2007). After heavy industry and urban development, most foreign investment in Vietnam has been concentrated in tourism, especially in hotel projects .[6] According to usual report of World Tourism and Travel Council, tourism contributed 6.6 percent to GDP equal VND 279,287 billion(03/2016) which has important contribution promoting development of related sectors such as transportation, entertainment, cuisine etc.

Vietnam has recently started tourist slogans, known as "Vietnam Timeless Charm".[7]

Tourism statistics[edit]

International visitors[edit]

Data source: Ministry of Culture, Sport & Tourism[8]

Year Tourist
Arrivals
Change
Aug 2018 10,403,893 22.8% [9]
2017 12,922,151 29.1%[10]
2016 10,012,735 26%
2015 7,943,651 0.9%
2014 7,874,312 4%
2013 7,572,352 10.6%
2012 6,847,678 10.8%
2011 6,014,032 19.1%
2010 5,049,855 34.8%
2009 3,772,359 −10.9%
2008 4,253,740 0.6%
2007 4,171,564 16%
2006 3,583,486 3%
2005 3,467,757 18.4%
2004 2,927,876 20.5%
2003 2,429,600 −7.6%
2002 2,628,200 12.8%
2001 2,330,800 8.9%
2000 2,140,100 20.0%
1999 1,781,800 17.2%
1998 1,520,100 −11.4%
1997 1,715,600 6.7%
1996 1,607,200 18.9%
1995 1,351,300  

Top 29 International Visitors in Vietnam[edit]

Data Source: Ministry of Culture, Sport & Tourism[3][11]

Rank Country Jan-Aug/2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
1  China (not including Hong Kong) 3,402,308 4,008,253 2,696,848 1,780,918 1,947,236 1,907,794 1,428,693 1,416,804
2  South Korea 2,286,714 2,415,245 1,543,883 1,112,978 847,958 748,727 700,917 536,408
3  Japan 545,721 798,119 740,592 671,379 647,956 604,050 576,386 481,519
4  United States 485,951 614,117 552,644 491,249 443,776 432,228 443,826 439,872
5  Taiwan 469,300 616,232 507,301 438,704 388,998 398,990 409,385 361,051
6  Russia 413,371 574,164 433,987 338,843 364,873 298,126 174,287 101,600
7  Malaysia 334,036 480,456 407,574 346,584 332,994 339,510 299,041 233,132
8  Australia 266,499 370,438 320,678 303,721 321,089 319,636 289,844 289,762
9  Thailand 212,596 301,587 266,984 214,645 246,874 268,968 225,866 181,820
10  United Kingdom 207,443 283,537 254,841 212,798 202,256 184,663 170,346 156,300
11  France 199,167 255,369 240,808 211,636 213,745 209,946 219,721 211,444
12  Singapore 180,091 277,658 257,041 236,547 202,436 195,760 196,225 172,500
13  Germany 141,693 199,872 176,015 149,079 142,345 97,673 106,068 45,000
14  Cambodia 139,287 222,614 211,949 227,074 404,159 342,347 331,939 423,440
15  Canada 104,057 138,242 122,929 105,670 104,291 104,973 113,563 TBA
16  Philippines 96,893 133,543 110,967 99,757 103,403 100,501 99,192 TBA
17  Laos 86,007 141,588 137,004 113,992 136,636 122,873 150,678 118,500
18  Indonesia 58,801 81,065 69,653 62,240 68,628 70,390 60,857 TBA
19  Netherlands 54,893 72,277 64,712 52,967 49,120 47,413 45,862 TBA
20  Spain 47,997 69,528 57,957 44,932 40,716 33,183 31,305 TBA
21  Italy 45,638 58,041 51,265 40,291 36,427 32,143 31,337 TBA
22  Hong Kong 38,785 47,721 34,613 TBA 14,601 10,232 13,383 TBA
23  Sweden 36,992 44,045 37,679 32,025 32,466 31,493 35,735 TBA
24  New Zealand 33,424 49,115 42,588 31,960 33,120 30,957 26,621 TBA
25  Denmark 30,096 34,720 30,996 27,414 27,029 25,649 27,970 TBA
26   Switzerland 23,417 33,123 31,475 28,750 29,738 28,423 28,740 TBA
27  Belgium 21,591 29,144 26,231 23,939 23,227 21,572 18,914 TBA
28  Norway 19,729 24,293 23,110 21,425 22,708 21,157 19,928 TBA
29  Finland 17,362 18,236 15,953 15,043 13,831 14,660 16,204 TBA
All Total 10,403,893 12,922,151 10,012,735 7,943,651 7,874,312 7,572,352 6,847,678 6,014,032

Destinations and attractions[edit]

Hotel Metropôle Hanoi

National parks of Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam has 31 national parks: Ba Bể, Ba Vì, Bạch Mã, Bái Tử Long, Bến En, Bidoup Núi Bà, Bù Gia Mập, Cát Bà, Cát Tiên, Chư Mom Ray, Chư Yang Sin, Côn Đảo, Cúc Phương, Hoàng Liên, Kon Ka Kinh, Lò Gò-Xa Mát, Cape Cà Mau, Núi Chúa, Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng, Phú Quốc, Phước Bình, Pù Mát, Tam Đảo, Tràm Chim, U Minh Hạ, U Minh Thượng, Vũ Quang, Xuân Sơn, Xuân Thủy, Yok Đôn.

World Heritage Sites[edit]

Huế, Hội An, Mỹ Sơn (Quảng Nam Province), Hạ Long Bay (Quảng Ninh Province), Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park (Quảng Bình Province), Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long (Hanoi) and Citadel of the Hồ Dynasty (Thanh Hóa Province).

Man and the Biosphere Programme[edit]

Vietnam has eight zones that are world biosphere reserves: Red River Delta (Ninh Bình, Nam Định, Thái Bình), Cát Bà National Park (Hai Phong), western Nghệ An, Cu Lao Cham Marine Park, Cape Cà Mau National Park (Cà Mau), Cát Tiên National Park (Đồng Nai) and Cần Giờ (Ho Chi Minh City).[citation needed]

National tourist area[edit]

Vietnam now has 21 national tourist areas, major tourist sites that are state recognized:

Sa Pa (Lào Cai), Ba Bể (Bắc Kạn), Hạ Long BayCát Bà Island (Quảng Ninh, Hai Phong), Ba Vì National Park (Hanoi), Perfume Pagoda (Hanoi), Cổ Loa Citadel (Hanoi), Tam Cốc-Bích Động (Ninh Bình), Kim Liên (Nghệ An), Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park (Quảng Bình), Ho Chi Minh trail (Quảng Trị), Lăng CôHải Vân PassNon Nuoc (Thừa Thiên–Huế and Da Nang), Hội An (Quảng Nam), Van Phong Bay (Khánh Hòa), Phan ThiếtMũi Né (Bình Thuận), Dankia – Yellow Springs, Lake Tuyen Lam (Lâm Đồng), For Hours (Ho Chi Minh City), Côn Đảo (Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu), Long Hai beach (Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu), Phú Quốc (Kiên Giang), Biosphere Reserve Cape Cà Mau (Cà Mau).

Cities[edit]

Since 2014, Hanoi has consistently been voted in the world's top ten destinations by TripAdvisor. It ranked 8th in 2014,[12] 4th in 2015[13] and 8th in 2016.[14]

In 2014, Hanoi, Hoi An and Ho Chi Minh City appeared in TripAdvisor's 2014 Traveler's Choice Awards for the top 25 destinations in Asia. Hanoi was ranked second, Hoi An tenth and Ho Chi Minh City eighteenth.[15]

International tourist arrivals[edit]

International airports[edit]

Air travel is the most popular form of travel for international arrivals to Vietnam; in 2013, nearly 6 million of the 7.6 million total international arrivals were by air.[16]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport, which serves Ho Chi Minh City, is the busiest airport with the largest visitor volume. On the other hand, Noi Bai International Airport, serving Hanoi, is the largest airport in terms of land area and total capacity after its opening of the modern international terminal. Other major airports include Da Nang International Airport, Cam Ranh International Airport and Cat Bi International Airport.

Military tourism[edit]

Due to historical and traditional militaristic history of Vietnam, military tourism has been focused.

There are numerous historical sites from the First Indochina War and the Second Indochina War. Also there are a lot of other historical warfare sides dating back from ancient to medieval era of Vietnam, such as the Imperial Citadel of Hue.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vietnam country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (December 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ TITC. "Vietnam National Administration of Tourism". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "International visitors to Vietnam in December and 12 months of 2011". Vietnam National Administration of Tourism. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Statistics for 2010". General Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
  7. ^ http://vietnamtourism.gov.vn/english/index.php/items/4294
  8. ^ "Tourism Statistics". Vietnam National Administration of Tourism. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Tourism Statistics". Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Tourism Statistics". Vietnam National Administration of Tourism. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  11. ^ "International visitors to Viet Nam in December and 12 months of 2015". Vietnamtourism.gov.vn. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  12. ^ Life (2014-04-08). "TripAdvisor's Most Popular Travel Destinations". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  13. ^ "TripAdvisor's picks: World's top 25 destinations | CNN Travel". Cnn.com. 2015-03-24. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  14. ^ "TripAdvisor picks world's top 10 destinations - CNN.com | CNN Travel". CNN.com. 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  15. ^ "Best Destinations in Asia - Travelers' Choice Awards - TripAdvisor". Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  16. ^ TITC (26 December 2013). "International visitors to Viet Nam in December and 12 months of 2013 - Vietnam National Administration of Tourism". Tổng cục Du lịch Việt Nam. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 

External links[edit]