Tourism in Vietnam

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Tourism in Vietnam is a component of the modern Vietnamese economy. In 2012, Vietnam received more than 6.8 million international arrivals, up from 2.1 million in the year 2000. The annual increase represented a rebound from a decline in 2008 Great Recession. The Vietnam National Administration of Tourism is following a long-term plan to diversify the tourism industry, which brings foreign exchange into the country.[1]

Tourist arrivals in Vietnam have continued to rise in recent years. In 2008, Vietnam received 4.218 million international passengers, in 2009 the number was 3.8 million, down 11%. In 2012, Vietnam receives 6.84 million tourists.[2] This was a 13% increase from 2011 figure of 6 million international visitors, which was itself a rise of 2 million visitors relative to 2010 arrivals. In 2016, Vietnam welcomed 10 million international visitors which represented a 26% increase from the previous year. [3][4]

Tourism in the economy[edit]

Tourism is important in Vietnam. For backpackers, culture and nature lovers, beach-lovers and veterans, Vietnam has become a new tourist destination in Southeast Asia. Local and international tour operators offer tours to ethnic minority groups, walking and bicycle tours, photography tours, kayak trips and multi-country trips in particular with neighboring Cambodia, Laos and Thailand. Foreign tourists have been able to travel freely in the country since 1997.

The economy of Vietnam has transformed from an agrarian to a service economy. More than a third of gross domestic product is generated by services, which include the hotel and catering industry and transportation. The manufacturing and construction (28 percent), agriculture and fisheries (20 percent) and mining (10 percent) have much smaller shares.[5]

Tourism contributes 4.5 percent to gross domestic product (as of 2007). After the heavy industry and urban development, most foreign investment has been concentrated in tourism, especially in hotel projects .[6] According to usual report of World Tourism and Travel Council, tourism contributed 6.6 percent to GDP equal VND 279,287 billion(03/2016) which has important contribution promoting development of related sectors such as transportation, entertainment, cuisine etc.[7]

Tourism statistics[edit]

International visitors[edit]

Data source: Ministry of Culture, Sport & Tourism [8]

Year Tourism
2016 10,012,735 26%
2015 7,943,651 0.9%
2014 7,874,312 4%
2013 7,572,352 10.6%
2012 6,847,678 10.8%
2011 6,014,032 19.1%
2010 5,049,855 34.8%
2009 3,772,359 −10.9%
2008 4,253,740 0.6%
2007 4,171,564 16%
2006 3,583,486 3%
2005 3,467,757 18.4%
2004 2,927,876 20.5%
2003 2,429,600 −7.6%
2002 2,628,200 12.8%
2001 2,330,800 8.9%
2000 2,140,100 20.0%
1999 1,781,800 17.2%
1998 1,520,100 −11.4%
1997 1,715,600 6.7%
1996 1,607,200 18.9%
1995 1,351,300  

Top 10 International Visitors in Vietnam[edit]

Data Source: Ministry of Culture, Sport & Tourism [3][9]

Rank Country 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
1  China 2,696,848 1,780,918 1,947,236 1,907,794 1,428,693
2  South Korea 1,543,883 1,112,978 847,958 748,727 700,917
3  Japan 740,592 671,379 647,956 604,050 576,386
4  United States 552,644 491,249 443,776 432,228 443,826
5  Taiwan 507,301 438,704 388,998 398,990 409,385
6  Russia 433,987 338,843 364,873 298,126 174,287
7  Malaysia 407,574 346,584 332,994 339,510 299,041
8  Australia 320,678 303,721 321,089 319,636 289,844
9  Thailand 266,984 214,645 246,874 268,968 225,866
10  Singapore 257,041 236,547 202,436 195,760 196,225

Destinations and attractions[edit]

Hotel Metropôle Hanoi

National parks of Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam has 31 national parks: Ba Bể, Ba Vì, Bạch Mã, Bái Tử Long, Bến En, Bidoup Núi Bà, Bù Gia Mập, Cát Bà, Cát Tiên, Chư Mom Ray, Chư Yang Sin, Côn Đảo, Cúc Phương, Hoàng Liên, Kon Ka Kinh, Lò Gò-Xa Mát, Cape Cà Mau, Núi Chúa, Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng, Phú Quốc, Phước Bình, Pù Mát, Tam Đảo, Tràm Chim, U Minh Hạ, U Minh Thượng, Vũ Quang, Xuân Sơn, Xuân Thủy, Yok Đôn.

World Heritage Sites[edit]

Huế, Hội An, Mỹ Sơn (Quảng Nam Province), Hạ Long Bay (Quảng Ninh Province), Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park (Quảng Bình Province), Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long (Hanoi) and Citadel of the Hồ Dynasty (Thanh Hóa Province).

Man and the Biosphere Programme[edit]

Vietnam has eight zones that are world biosphere reserves: Red River Delta (Ninh Bình, Nam Định, Thái Bình), Cát Bà National Park (Hai Phong), western Nghệ An, Cu Lao Cham Marine Park, Cape Cà Mau National Park (Cà Mau), Cát Tiên National Park (Đồng Nai) and Cần Giờ (Ho Chi Minh City).[citation needed]

National tourist area[edit]

Vietnam now has 21 national tourist areas, major tourist sites that are state recognized:

Sa Pa (Lào Cai), Ba Bể (Bắc Kạn), Hạ Long BayCát Bà Island (Quảng Ninh, Hai Phong), Ba Vì National Park (Hanoi), Perfume Pagoda (Hanoi), Cổ Loa Citadel (Hanoi), Tam Cốc-Bích Động (Ninh Bình), Kim Liên (Nghệ An), Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park (Quảng Bình), Ho Chi Minh trail (Quảng Trị), Lăng CôHải Vân PassNon Nuoc (Thừa Thiên–Huế and Da Nang), Hội An (Quảng Nam), Van Phong Bay (Khánh Hòa), Phan ThiếtMũi Né (Bình Thuận), Dankia – Yellow Springs, Lake Tuyen Lam (Lâm Đồng), For Hours (Ho Chi Minh City), Côn Đảo (Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu), Long Hai beach (Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu), Phú Quốc (Kiên Giang), Biosphere Reserve Cape Cà Mau (Cà Mau).


Since 2014, Hanoi has consistently been voted in the world's top ten destinations by TripAdvisor. It ranked 8th in 2014,[10] 4th in 2015[11] and 8th in 2016.[12]

In 2014, Hanoi, Hoi An and Ho Chi Minh City appeared in TripAdvisor's 2014 Traveler's Choice Awards for the top 25 destinations in Asia. Hanoi was ranked second, Hoi An tenth and Ho Chi Minh City eighteenth.[13]

International tourist arrivals[edit]

International airports[edit]

Air travel is the most popular form of travel for international arrivals to Vietnam; in 2013, nearly 6 million of the 7.6 million total international arrivals were by air.[14]

Tan Son Nhat International Airport, which serves Ho Chi Minh City, is the busiest airport with the largest visitor volume. On the other hand, Noi Bai International Airport, serving Hanoi, is the largest airport in terms of land area and total capacity after its opening of the modern international terminal. Other major airports include Da Nang International Airport, Cam Ranh International Airport and Cat Bi International Airport.

Military history[edit]

There are numerous historical sites from the First Indochina War and the Second Indochina War.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]