Tourism in the Philippines

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Boracay, named as one of the best islands in the world by numerous travel magazines.[1]

Tourism in the Philippines is an important sector of the country's economy, contributing 5.9% to the Philippine gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011.[2] The Philippines is an archipelagic country composed of 7,107 islands. The country's rich biodiversity is the main tourist attraction of the Philippines.[3] Its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots are among the country's most popular tourist destinations. The country's rich historical and cultural heritage is also one of the attractions of the Philippines.

Since 2010, South Korea has been the largest source of visitors to the Philippines. In 2013, a total of 1.17 million South Koreans visited the Philippines. It is followed by the United States, Japan, China, Australia, Taiwan, and Canada.[4] In 2013, the country attracted 4,681,307 visitors.[4]

Overview[edit]

El Nido, famous for its majestic karst limestone formations[5]

The Philippine tourism industry flourished in the 1970s and early 1980s but declined in the mid 1980s, with the average length of tourist stay falling from 12.6 days in earlier years to 8.9 days in 1988. In 1987, tourism growth was slower in the Philippines than in other Southeast Asian countries. About 1.2 million tourists visited the Philippines in 1992, which was a record high in the number of tourist visits since 1989.

In 2000, the Philippines' tourist arrivals totaled 2.2 million. In 2003, it totaled 2,838,000, a growth of almost 29%, and was expected to grow as much as 3.4 million in 2007. In the first quarter of 2007, the tourist arrival in the Philippines grew as much as 20% in same period last year. In 2011, the Department of Tourism recorded 3.9 million tourists visiting the country,[6] 11.2 percent higher than the 3.5 million registered in 2010.

In 2012, the Philippines recorded 4.27 million tourist arrivals, after the Department of Tourism launched a widely publicized tourism marketing campaign titled "It's More Fun In the Philippines".[7]

The tourism industry employed 3.8 million Filipinos, or 10.2 per cent of national employment in 2011, according to data gathered by the National Statistical Coordination Board. In a greater thrust by the Aquino administration to pump billion[clarification needed] to employ 7.4 million people by 2016, or about 18.8 per cent of the total workforce, contributing 8 per cent to 9 per cent to the nation's GDP.[8]

Statistics[edit]

Arrivals[edit]

Tourism Statistics[9]
Year Foreign
Tourists
1996 1,049,367
1997 1,222,523
1998 1,149,357
1999 1,170,514
2000 1,992,169
2001 1,796,893
2002 1,932,677
2003 1,907,226
2004 2,291,347
2005 2,623,084
2006 2,843,335
2007 3,091,993
2008 3,139,422
2009 3,017,099
2010 3,520,471
2011 3,917,454[6]
2012 4,272,811[10]
2013 4,681,307[11]
2014 4,833,368[12]
2015(Jan-June) 2,619,625[13]

Top International Visitors[edit]

Rank Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1  South Korea 925,204 1,031,155 1,165,789 1,175,472 642,985
2  United States 624,527 652,626 674,564 722,750 415,949
3  Japan 375,496 412,474 433,705 463,744 237,264
4  China 243,137 250,883 426,352 394,951 190,325
5  Australia 170,736 191,150 213,023 224,784 119,120
6  Singapore 137,802 148,215 175,034 179,099 92,817
7  Taiwan 181,738 216,511 139,099 142,973 85,400
8  Canada 117,423 123,699 131,381 143,899 82,153
9  Malaysia 91,752 114,513 109,437 139,245 77,966
10  United Kingdom 112,106 113,282 122,759 133,665 76,024
11  Hong Kong 112,106 118,666 114,100 126,008 62,785
12  Germany 61,193 67,203 70,949 72,801 38,455
13  India 42,844 46,395 52,206 61,152 37,093
14  France 29,591 33,709 39,042 38,946 25,235
15  Indonesia 34,542 36,627 45,582 46,757 23,311
16  Thailand 37,862 40,987 47,847 45,943 22,636
17  Saudi Arabia 27,945 30,040 38,969 43,483 22,181
18  Russia 23,908 33,729 41,254 38,976 18,438

Attractions[edit]

Crisologo Street in Vigan

An archipelago composed of 7,107 islands, the Philippines offers attractions such as the white sand beaches of Boracay, shopping centers of Metro Manila, rice terraces of Ifugao, diving sites of Palawan, forests of Bohol, heritage houses in Vigan, and the cultural attractions of Cebu and Manila.

The island of Luzon is considered the political and economic center of the Philippines. The economy of Luzon is centered in Metro Manila, the national capital region. Manila was ranked 11th most attractive city for American shoppers out of 25 Asia Pacific cities by a Global Blue survey in 2012.[14] Shopping malls can be found around the metropolis, especially in the business and financial districts of Makati, Ortigas and Bonifacio Global City. Despite the rise of modern shopping malls, traditional Filipino shopping centers such as flea markets and bazaars still remain around the metropolis.

The Visayas, the central island group of the Philippines, is the heart of the country's biodiversity. The most popular beach destination in Visayas is Boracay: the island is popular for its pure white sand beaches and has been a favorite island destination for local and foreign visitors.[15][16] In 2012, Boracay received the "best island" award from the international travel magazine Travel + Leisure.[17][18] Aside from its white sand beaches, Boracay is also a popular destination for relaxation, tranquility and an exciting nightlife.[19]

Mindanao, the southernmost island of the Philippines, is known for its mountain ranges; it is one of the best climbing destinations in the Philippines. Mindanao is home to the country's highest mountain, Mount Apo. On average, it takes two days to reach the summit. The mountain has a wide range of flora and fauna, including over 272 bird species, 111 of which are endemic to the area, including the national bird, the Philippine eagle.[20] Mount Apo has become a popular hiking destination for mountain climbers.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Boracay named 2012 world's best island". ABS-CBN News. January 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ Contribution of Tourism Industry to the Economy posts 5.9 percent in 2011 published by the National Statistical Coordination Board; accessed 2013-09-27.
  3. ^ "Natural Resources and Environment in the Philippines". (n.d.). eTravel Pilipinas. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
  4. ^ a b "The Philippines Hosted 4.7 Million International Visitors in 2013". Department of Tourism. Retrieved March 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "The Philippines' best beaches and islands". CNN Travel. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b [1]
  7. ^ "It's More Fun in the Philippines official website". 
  8. ^ Calderon, Justin (5 March 2013). "Philippine tourism to create 3.6m jobs". Inside Investor. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Department of Tourism (Philippines), Tourism Statistics, retrieved June 8, 2012 
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ "The Philippines Hosted 4.7 Million International Visitors in 2013". Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Tourism Industry Performance for 2014". Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  13. ^ "January to June". Retrieved July 10, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Manila 11th most attractive shopping destination in Asia Pacific –study". Yahoo! Philippines. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Philippines' Boracay attracted 1.36 million tourists in 2013". Xinhua. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Boracay attracted record 1.36 million despite 'Yolanda'". PhilSatr. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ "BORACAY named 2012 No.1 World’s Best Island". Boracay Beach Live. Retrieved February 21, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Boracay named world's 2nd best beach". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved March 30, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Relaxation, nightlife both more fun in Boracay". Yahoo! Philippines. Retrieved February 21, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Profile - Mt. Apo Natural Park". Philippine Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau. Retrieved on April 25, 2014.
  21. ^ "Climbing to the top of the Philippines". BBC Travel. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]