Tournoi de Paris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tournoi de Paris
Tournoi de Paris 2012 (PSG vs Barcelona).JPG
Barcelona player Xavi receiving the trophy after winning the 2012 edition.
Founded1957
Abolished2012
Number of teams4 (1957–2010);
2 (2012)
Last championsBarcelona (1st title)
Most successful club(s)Paris SG (7 titles)

The Tournoi de Paris, also known as Trophée de Paris, was a pre-season association football invitational competition hosted by French club Paris Saint-Germain at their home ground Parc des Princes in Paris, France. The competition was founded in 1957 by former hosts Racing Paris to celebrate their 25th anniversary.[1]

The inaugural 1957 edition is considered a precursor of both the Intercontinental Cup and FIFA Club World Cup, and its final match, between Brazilian team Vasco da Gama and current European champions Real Madrid, was dubbed by newspapers as "Europe's best team vs. South America's best team". The tournament in the French capital prompted the creation of the Intercontinental Cup in 1960 as an official, UEFA/CONMEBOL-endorsed European/South American club contest.[2]

Regarded as French football's most prestigious friendly tournament, the Tournoi de Paris was initially held by Racing Paris between 1957 and 1966.[1][3] It briefly returned in 1973 with new hosts Paris FC, before current hosts Paris Saint-Germain successfully relaunched the competition in 1975.[1][3] Abandoned in 1993 for financial reasons, PSG revived the Tournoi de Paris in 2010 to commemorate its 40th anniversary.[4][5] Ahead of the tournament, PSG introduced its official anthem and mascot.[6] Not held in 2011, it was renamed Trophée de Paris in 2012. This was the tournament's last edition to date.[7]

Since its inception, the winners have received different trophies.[1][8] Vasco da Gama won the inaugural Tournoi de Paris in 1957, while Barcelona won the last edition in 2012.[1][7] Paris Saint-Germain is the most successful club in the competition's history, having lifted the trophy on seven occasions.[1] Belgian outfit Anderlecht is next on the title count with three, while fellow French club Racing Paris and Brazilian sides Santos and Fluminense are the only other teams to have won the competition more than once. PSG arch-rivals Olympique de Marseille is among a group of clubs to have won the tournament once.[9]

History[edit]

From Racing to PSG[edit]

Germain the Lynx was first unveiled at the Tournoi de Paris in 2010.

The Tournoi de Paris was founded in 1957 by former hosts Racing Paris to celebrate their 25th anniversary. The Parisian side invited current European champions Real Madrid, Brazilian team Vasco da Gama and German outfit Rot-Weiss Essen to the tournament played at the Parc des Princes.[1] Its inaugural edition, won by Vasco after defeating Alfredo Di Stéfano's Real Madrid in the final, prompted the creation of the Intercontinental Cup in 1960 as an official, UEFA/CONMEBOL-endorsed European/South American club contest.[2]

From 1957 to 1993, four teams (including the hosts) played in a knockout format. The Tournoi de Paris featured two semi-finals, a third-place play-off, and a final.[9] The tournament was held annually each summer between 1957 and 1966 by Racing Paris. It briefly returned in 1973, with Paris FC as the new hosts.[3] Following Paris FC's failed attempt to relaunch the competition, current hosts Paris Saint-Germain and club president Daniel Hechter successfully did so in 1975. Reinforced for the occasion with Dutch legend Johan Cruyff, PSG narrowly lost to Spanish side Valencia in the final in front of a sold-out Parc des Princes.[1]

First PSG title[edit]

The 1978 edition proved to be the most unbalanced of them all. A few weeks before the 1978 FIFA World Cup, PSG invited the national football teams of Netherlands and Iran. The Clockwork Orange won the competition with ease, hammering Club Brugge in the final (7–1). PSG finally won the tournament in 1980.[1] Dominique Bathenay's last-minute equalizer from the penalty spot in a 4–4 thriller versus Standard Liège sent the game to the penalty shoot-out, where PSG clinched its first Tournoi de Paris.[9] The capital club retained the trophy in 1981.[1]

In 1982, Brazilian team Atlético Mineiro inflicted PSG's biggest defeat ever in the tournament as the capital club bowed out in the semi-finals (0–3). PSG reclaimed the title in 1984 and 1986, before a catastrophic 1987 edition in which the club finished last for the first time since 1976. The defeat to Dinamo Zagreb would be the last conceded by the Parisians in 90 minutes. Since then, PSG have only been beaten on penalties.[1]

Between 1975 and 1993, only one edition of the tournament was cancelled. It was in 1990 due to the poor condition of the pitch. The Rolling Stones' concert at the Parc des Princes, a few weeks earlier, was to blame. The Tournoi de Paris returned in 1991 and saw PSG's last match with historic shirt sponsor RTL. The 17-year collaboration ended as PSG claimed third place against Sporting CP.[1]

Lionel Messi and Barcelona were the last champions of the Tournoi de Paris.

In 1993, François Calderaro's solitary goal against AJ Auxerre gave PSG its second consecutive title. The capital side had won the trophy for the seventh time since 1975. This would turn out to be the last edition of the tournament until 2010 and PSG's last title to date. The club abandoned the Tournoi de Paris for financial reasons.[4]

Current status[edit]

In 2010, PSG revived the Tournoi de Paris to commemorate its 40th anniversary.[5] Ahead of the tournament, PSG unveiled « Allez Paris Saint-Germain », to the tune of "Go West" by Village People, and Germain the Lynx as the club's official anthem and mascot, respectively.[6]

The Parisian side invited Porto, Roma and Girondins de Bordeaux.[6] Modeled off Arsenal's Emirates Cup, the competition switched to a group-stage format for the 2010 edition.[3] PSG defeated Porto (1–0) and shared the points with Roma (1–1), while Bordeaux were held by Roma (1–1) and downed Porto (2–1). Both French clubs finished with four points, but Bordeaux scored more goals and won the Tournoi de Paris on goal difference.[5]

Not held in 2011, the tournament was renamed Trophée de Paris in 2012. It featured a single prestigious match against Barcelona. The Spanish side lifted the trophy, winning on penalties (1–4) after the match ended in a draw (2–2) at the Parc des Princes. Rafinha and Lionel Messi from the penalty spot gave Barcelona a comfortable lead, before PSG's Zlatan Ibrahimović and Zoumana Camara forced a penalty shoot-out. This was the tournament's last edition to date.[7]

Tournaments[edit]

Edition Year Winner Runner-up Third Fourth Source
1 1957 Brazil Vasco da Gama Spain Real Madrid France Racing Paris Germany Rot-Weiss Essen [10]
2 1958 France Racing Paris England Bolton Wanderers Brazil Flamengo Hungary Újpest [11]
3 1959 France Racing Paris Germany Fortuna Düsseldorf Brazil Vasco da Gama Italy Milan [12]
4 1960 Brazil Santos France Racing Paris Bulgaria CSKA Sofia France Stade de Reims [13]
5 1961 Brazil Santos Portugal Benfica Belgium Anderlecht France Racing Paris [14]
6 1962 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade Austria Rapid Wien France Racing Paris Brazil Santos [15]
7 1963 Brazil Botafogo France Racing Paris Belgium Anderlecht Hungary Újpest [16]
8 1964 Belgium Anderlecht Germany Borussia Dortmund France Stade de Reims Brazil Santos [17]
9 1965 Czech Republic Sparta Prague France Stade Rennais Belgium Anderlecht France Racing Paris [18]
10 1966 Belgium Anderlecht France Racing Paris Czech Republic Sparta Prague Brazil Vasco da Gama [19]
11 1973 Netherlands Feyenoord Germany Bayern Munich France Paris FC France Marseille [20]
12 1975 Spain Valencia France Paris SG Brazil Fluminense Portugal Sporting CP [21]
13 1976 Brazil Fluminense European Union Europe Brazil Brazil Olympic France Paris SG [22]
14 1977 Belgium Anderlecht Hungary Ferencváros France Paris SG Brazil Vasco da Gama [23]
15 1978 Netherlands Netherlands Belgium Club Brugge France Paris SG Iran Iran [24]
16 1979 Portugal Benfica Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade France Paris SG Brazil Brazil Olympic [25]
17 1980 France Paris SG Belgium Standard Liège Portugal Benfica Netherlands Ajax [26]
18 1981 France Paris SG Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Brazil Vasco da Gama France Saint-Étienne [27]
19 1982 Brazil Atlético Mineiro Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dinamo Zagreb France Paris SG Germany 1. FC Köln [28]
20 1983 Romania Romania France Paris SG Brazil Botafogo Israel Maccabi Netanya [29]
21 1984 France Paris SG Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk Split Switzerland Servette Brazil Botafogo [30]
22 1985 Belgium Waregem France Paris SG Germany 1. FC Köln France Saint-Étienne [31]
23 1986 France Paris SG Portugal Sporting CP France Saint-Étienne Romania Steaua București [32]
24 1987 Brazil Fluminense France Bordeaux Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dinamo Zagreb France Paris SG [33]
25 1988 France Montpellier France Paris SG Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan Switzerland Servette [34]
26 1989 France Paris SG France Montpellier Brazil Vasco da Gama Portugal Porto [35]
27 1991 France Marseille Brazil Flamengo France Paris SG Portugal Sporting CP [36]
28 1992 France Paris SG France Monaco Germany Borussia Dortmund England Liverpool [37]
29 1993 France Paris SG France Auxerre Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Brazil Fluminense [38]
30 2010 France Bordeaux France Paris SG Italy Roma Portugal Porto [5]
31 2012 Spain Barcelona France Paris SG N/A [7]

Titles by club[edit]

Alfredo Di Stéfano and Real Madrid lost the final in the inaugural edition.
Johan Cruyff played for PSG in the 1975 edition.
Club Winners Years won
France Paris SG 7 1980, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1993
Belgium Anderlecht 3 1964, 1966, 1977
France Racing Paris 2 1958, 1959
Brazil Santos 2 1960, 1961
Brazil Fluminense 2 1976, 1987
Brazil Vasco da Gama 1 1957
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1 1962
Brazil Botafogo 1 1963
Czech Republic Sparta Prague 1 1965
Netherlands Feyenoord 1 1973
Spain Valencia 1 1975
Netherlands Netherlands 1 1978
Portugal Benfica 1 1979
Brazil Atlético Mineiro 1 1982
Romania Romania 1 1983
Belgium Waregem 1 1985
France Montpellier 1 1988
France Marseille 1 1991
France Bordeaux 1 2010
Spain Barcelona 1 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Anecdotes autour du Tournoi de Paris". PSG.fr. 12 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Há 60 anos, Vasco derrotava o Real Madrid de Di Stéfano em Paris". Globo Esporte. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d "Le Paris SG va relancer le Tournoi de Paris en juillet". Le Point. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Le PSG relance le Tournoi de Paris dès 2010". PSG MAG. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d "Football - Tournoi de Paris : Bordeaux maître dans la capitale". RTL.fr. 1 August 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Le PSG prend un nouveau virage". PSG.fr. 23 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d "PSG-Barcelone 2-2 : une soirée pleine de promesses". Le Parisien. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Le Trophée du Tournoi de Paris !". PSG.fr. 30 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Tournoi International de Paris 1957-1993 (Paris-France)". RSSSF. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  10. ^ "1957 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  11. ^ "1958 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  12. ^ "1959 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  13. ^ "1960 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  14. ^ "1961 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  15. ^ "1962 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  16. ^ "1963 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  17. ^ "1964 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  18. ^ "1965 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  19. ^ "1966 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  20. ^ "1973 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  21. ^ "1975 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  22. ^ "1976 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  23. ^ "1977 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  24. ^ "1978 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  25. ^ "1979 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  26. ^ "1980 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  27. ^ "1981 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  28. ^ "1982 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  29. ^ "1983 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  30. ^ "1984 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  31. ^ "1985 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  32. ^ "1986 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  33. ^ "1987 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  34. ^ "1988 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  35. ^ "1989 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  36. ^ "1991 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  37. ^ "1992 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  38. ^ "1993 Tournoi de Paris". RSSSF. Retrieved 28 February 2017.

External links[edit]

Official websites