Touros

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Touros
A beach in Touros named Lagoa de Sal
A beach in Touros named Lagoa de Sal
Flag of Touros
Flag
Official seal of Touros
Seal
Nickname(s): Esquina do Brazil (Brazil's Corner)
Location in Rio Grande do Norte and Brazil
Location in Rio Grande do Norte and Brazil
Coordinates: 05°11′56″S 35°27′39″W / 5.19889°S 35.46083°W / -5.19889; -35.46083Coordinates: 05°11′56″S 35°27′39″W / 5.19889°S 35.46083°W / -5.19889; -35.46083
Country Brazil
Region Northeast
State Rio Grande do Norte
Settled March 27, 1835
Government
 • Mayor Heriberto Ribeiro de Oliveira (PSB)
Area
 • Total 839.351 km2 (324.075 sq mi)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 30,325
 • Density 39.1/km2 (101/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)

Touros (lit. "bulls") is a municipality in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. It is known as "Brazil's Corner" because it is located at the northeast corner of the country, being the closest South American city to Africa (2,841 km from Kabrousse in southwestern Senegal). Touros has lots of fish, and there is a nearby seawater basin in the ocean formed by banks of coral.[2]

Bordering municipalities include Rio do Fogo to the southeast, Pureza to the south, João Câmara to the southwest, Parazinho further to the west and São Miguel do Gostoso to the northwest.

Nearby Touros is rio Carnaubinha.

Districts[edit]

Touros are divided into 27 districts and subdivisions:[3]

  • Arribão
  • Assentamento Aracati
  • Assentamento Canudos
  • Assentamento Chico Mendes I
  • Assentamento Chico Mendes II
  • Assentamento Planalto do Retiro
  • Santo Antônio
  • Baixa do Quinquim
  • Boa Cica
  • Boqueirão
  • Cajá
  • Cajueiro
  • Carnaubal
  • Carnaubinha
  • Geral
  • Golandim
  • Lagoa de Serra Verde
  • Lagoa do Sal
  • Monte Alegre
  • Perobas
  • Santa Luzia
  • São José
  • Tubiba
  • Vila Assis
  • Vila Israel
  • Vila Maine
  • Zabelê.

History[edit]

In the 1790s, a drought occurred in Rio Grande do Norte in the last decade brought agricultural farms and workers into Touros, where the land was fertile and for use in agriculture.[4]

The settlement became a district on September 5, 1823 and later in 1832,, the parish of Bom Jesus de Navegantes was formed and later on April 11, 1833, the resolution of the provincial council elevated Touros to a town, it also separated from Ceará-Mirim (now the state of Ceara) and became part of Rio Grande do Norte. The municipality was created under provincial law no. 21 on March 27, 1835.

Its municipality was large, it had 180 km of coastline. Later, its own municipalities were created from Touros including Maxaranguape, Pureza in 1962 and São Miguel do Gostoso (ex-São Miguel de Touros).

Area attractions[edit]

Brazil's largest lighthouse, the Farol do Calcanhar is in the city of Touros. The Touros Village Beach Resort is also a tourist attraction[5] as well as Forte de Touros (Touros Fortress) built in 1808.[6]

Transportation[edit]

The northernmost section of the BR-101 highway is located in Touros, which is the longest highway in Brazil.[citation needed]

Flag and seal[edit]

Its seal is a crest which features the main attraction, the lighthouse in the middle. Inside has four parts, purple on top left and bottom left and the other two white, on bottom left is a palm tree and on the bottom right is a sailboat in the waters.

Its flag color is light blue with a white start, inside is the coat of arms but has its parts in light blue.

Nature[edit]

Not only fauna that the area has but even in the seas, where there are marine such as fishes, mollusks and others. One cone snail species native to the Atlantic of the east of Touros is Conus tourosensis which has been recently described on March 2018.<ref>Petuch E.J. & Berschauer D.P. (2018). Ten new cone shells from Indonesia, the Marquesas Islands, Brazil, and Pacific Panama. The Festivus. 50(1): 17-35.</reg>

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2008 population statistics of IBGE
  2. ^ "Touros Tourism" Archived 2007-11-05 at the Wayback Machine.. Planetware.com. Accessed November 2010.
  3. ^ "Touros" (in Portuguese). Prefeitura de Touros. March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ History (PDF). Territorial Documentation of Brazil. IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística)language=pt. March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ Touros Village Beach Resort Archived 2011-02-07 at the Wayback Machine. (website). Accessed November 2010.
  6. ^ Barreto, Aníbal (Cel.). Fortificações no Brasil (Resumo Histórico). Rio de Janeiro: Biblioteca do Exército Editora, 1958. 368 p.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Touros at Wikimedia Commons