Toussaint Louverture International Airport

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Toussaint Louverture International Airport

Aéroport International Toussaint Louverture
Ayewopò Entènasyonal Tousen Louvèti
Aéroport International Toussaint Louverture logo.jpg
UpdatedPAPAirport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerOffice National de l'Aviation Civile
OperatorAutorité Aéroportuaire Nationale
ServesPort-au-Prince
LocationTabarre, Port-au-Prince, Ouest, HT
Elevation AMSL109 ft / 33 m
Coordinates18°34′48″N 072°17′33″W / 18.58000°N 72.29250°W / 18.58000; -72.29250Coordinates: 18°34′48″N 072°17′33″W / 18.58000°N 72.29250°W / 18.58000; -72.29250
Websitepap.aan-haiti.com
Map
MTPP is located in Haiti
MTPP
MTPP
Location in Haiti
MTPP is located in Caribbean
MTPP
MTPP
MTPP (Caribbean)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,040 9,974 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers1,893,470
Aircraft OperationsNA
Source:

Toussaint Louverture International Airport (French: Aéroport International Toussaint Louverture, Haitian Creole: Ayewopò Entènasyonal Tousen Louvèti) (IATA: PAP, ICAO: MTPP) is an international airport in Tabarre, a commune of Port-au-Prince in Haiti. The airport is currently the busiest in Haiti and is an operating hub for Sunrise Airways.

It is informally called "the Maïs-Gâté airport", named after the area in the Cul-de-Sac Plain where the airport was built.[1]

History[edit]

Aerial view
Terminal from the taxiway

During the United States occupation of Haiti the United States Marine Corps stationed Marine Observation units using HS-1 and HS-2 aircraft in what became Bowen Field (c. 1919).[2] The airfield maybe in honor to CPO John D. Bowen Jr[3]

In 1942 the USMC was sent to Haiti to build a facility to service Douglas O-38 aircraft used by Haiti Air Corps to observe Nazi German activity in the region. The USMC built Bowen Field (also known as Chancerelles Airport[4]), a small civilian and military airport located near Chancerelles area near the Baie de Port-au-Prince.[5] Bowen Field was used by Haiti Air Corps for mail (1943) and passenger (1944) services,[6] then succeeded by the Compagnie haïtienne de transports aériens[7] beginning in 1961. In the 1950s and the 1960s, it served as an airbase for the US military in Haiti. The current airport located further northeast of Bowen Field was developed with grant money from the US government and mostly money collected from Haitian people (taxes, lottery, etc.), opened as François Duvalier International Airport in 1965, after the Haitian president at the time, François "Papa Doc" Duvalier.[citation needed] The old Bowen field was decommissioned after 1994 and is now hosts Internally Displaced Persons Camp and Centre Sportif. The runway is now part of Avenue Haile Selassie.

Duvalier's son and successor, Jean-Claude Duvalier, resigned in 1986. The airport was renamed Port-au-Prince International Airport. Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide renamed the airport again as Toussaint Louverture International Airport in 2003 to honor Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the Haitian Revolution.[citation needed]

The airport was badly damaged by the 2010 Haiti earthquake. On 25 November 2012, Haitian President Michel Joseph Martelly opened the newly repaired arrivals terminal.[citation needed]

On 7 July 2021, following the assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse, the airport was closed and flights were sent back to their origins.[8]

Facilities[edit]

The main building of the airport works as the International Terminal. It is a two-story concrete and glass structure. Lounges and a few retail stores are on the second floor of the main building. Check-in counters, gates and immigration facilities are on the lower floor. The Guy Malary Terminal (named after former Haitian Justice Minister Guy Malary) is used for domestic flights. There are further buildings used for general aviation and cargo flights. The airport has 3 jet bridges, but most passengers walk onto aircraft from mobile stairs. The ramp area can handle 12 planes.[9]

The airport is to be re-designed completely by the year 2015. The re-making of the airport is to add 14 gates to the terminal and also will make the main passenger terminal bigger.[10] As of June 15, 2016, a taxiway is under construction to increase traffic capacity, as taxiing aircraft currently must use the active runway to taxi to their takeoff position. Work is being performed by China National Automation Control System Corporation which has multiple large construction contracts with the Haitian government.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services at the airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Air Caraïbes Paris–Orly
Air France Fort-de-France, Miami, Pointe-à-Pitre
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau
American Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Miami
Bahamasair Nassau
Caicos Express Airways Providenciales
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Fly All Ways Seasonal: Curaçao, Paramaribo
InterCaribbean Airways Providenciales
JetBlue Fort Lauderdale, Newark, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale, Miami[12]
Sunrise Airways Camagüey, Cap-Haïtien, Havana, Holguín, Jérémie, Les Cayes, Panama City–Tocumen, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo–La Isabela
Surinam Airways Charter: Paramaribo
Winair Curaçao, St. Maarten

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Amerijet International[13] Miami
IBC Airways[14] Miami

Access[edit]

The airport can be accessed by car (with parking space next to the terminal building) or by National Bus Route 1.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • 3 March 1980: A Learjet (N211MB) operating on a corporate charter flight on behalf of 'Merchant Bank' crashed in the hills on arrival at airport. One passenger and two crew members died.[15]
  • 12 July 1980: A Douglas C-47 crashed on approach, killing all three people on board. The aircraft was being used illegally to transport marijuana.[16]
  • 7 December 1995: An Air St. Martin Beechcraft 1900D aircraft (F-OHRK) hit a mountain at an altitude of 5,030 feet (1,533 m), 30 kilometres (19 mi) away from airport. Two crew members and 18 passengers (which were illegal immigrants to Guadeloupe) were killed.[15]
  • 12 February 1996: A Haiti Express GAF Nomad aircraft (N224E) crashed shortly after taking off. Two crew members and 8 passengers died.[15]
  • 11 September 2007: Only eleven days after the previous accident another plane crash of a Caribintair Cessna Grand Caravan (HH-CAW) occurred near the airport, this time upon landing 10 kilometres (6 mi) short of the runway.[15]
  • 26 May 2013: A Brazilian Air Force KC-137 transport aircraft veered off the runway after an engine fire during takeoff, crashing into the grass next to the runway. The plane was carrying 121 Brazilian soldiers deployed to the UN stabilization force in Haiti (MINUSTAH) but no injuries were reported. Small aircraft were allowed to resume flying on Monday, but large aircraft that could not pass the KC-137 (mostly to/from the USA) were suspended for days.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacombe, Robert (1977). La république d'Haïti (in French). La Documentation française. p. 84. l'aérodrome F. Duvalier de Port-au-Prince, situé à « Mais Gâté » à l'entrée de la plaine du Cul-de-Sac.
  2. ^ https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi%3Farticle%3D1043%26context%3Dhistorydiss&ved=2ahUKEwiL49_4sdf0AhUhc98KHdNJD2AQFnoECBgQAQ&usg=AOvVaw3T1iFnvnDPaoqzI-XmErbI
  3. ^ [[https://marines.togetherweserved.com/usmc/servlet/tws.webapp.WebApp?cmd=SBVTimeLine&type=Person&ID=237964
  4. ^ https://maps.lib.utexas.edu/maps/americas/txu-oclc-17740473-port_au_prince1-1967.jpg
  5. ^ "Airman". 2002.
  6. ^ "CoHata (Compagnie Haitienne de Transports Aeriens) history from Americas, Haiti".
  7. ^ "Haiti Air Force".
  8. ^ "Haiti - FLASH : Closure of the airport - HaitiLibre.com : Haiti news 7/7". www.haitilibre.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2021.
  9. ^ Globe and Mail, "A once sleepy airport is now Haiti's overstretched lifeline", Paul Koring, 19 January 2010 (accessed 20 January 2010)
  10. ^ Toussaint Louverture International Airport in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. YouTube. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Haiti - Reconstruction : Signature of 4 agreements with a Chinese company". Haiti Libre. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Spirit Airlines makes MIA debut with first flights planned for October".
  13. ^ amerijet.com - Flight schedule retrieved 5 December 2021
  14. ^ ibcairways.com - Air Cargo retrieved 5 December 2021
  15. ^ a b c d e Harro Ranter. "Port-au-Prince-Mais Gate Airport profile - Aviation Safety Network". Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  17. ^ "Engine Fire And Crash of Brazilian Air Force Plane in Haiti". Haiti Observer. 27 May 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Toussaint Louverture International Airport at Wikimedia Commons