Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor
This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Privately held company|
Number of employees
TAM began as an aircraft-parts factory founded by the occupying Germans in 1941. Immediately following World War II, the Yugoslav government decided to convert the works to vehicle production and renamed it the Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor Tezno, "Maribor Tezno Automobile Factory" on December 31, 1946. TAM's first model, the TAM Pionir, was built under license from the Czechoslovak company Praga, and was manufactured until 1962, with a total of 17,416 produced in that period. TAM quickly became Yugoslavia's leading truck manufacturer. In 1958, it began manufacturing vehicles under license from the German company Magirus-Deutz. In 1961, the company was renamed to Tovarna Avtomobilov in Motorjev Maribor ("Maribor Automobile and Engine Factory"), however the TAM acronym and logo were retained. At its height, it employed more than 8000 workers; however, the economic decline of the 1980s saw financial difficulties, and in 1996 the company was dissolved.
TAM was succeed by TVM (Tovarna vozil Maribor – translated: Maribor Vehicle Factory) in 2001, producing MAN trucks under license primarily for the Slovenian Army. The company ended in bankruptcy in 2011 with debts totaling over €62 million.
The TAM logo resembled a three-leafed clover standing on point, with each lobe containing one letter of the acronym and a small five-pointed star occupying the center.
Number of vehicles produced annually
TAM vehicle naming convention
TAM trucks were assigned a string of three variables, number-letter-number; for example, model 190 T 11.
- The first number represents engine power (in hp).
- The letter T stands for the Slovenian word "tovornjak" (truck).
- The second number (11) represents the maximum payload (in tons).
TAM buses were assigned a string of four variables, number-letter-number-letter, for example: 260 A 116 M.
- The first number represents engine power.
- The letter A stands for the word "avtobus" (bus).
- The second number represents the maximum number of passengers.
- The second letter could be either M, P, or T, for "mestni" (city bus), "primestni" (suburban bus), or "turistični" (tourist bus).
- Kocbek, Darja (2007). "Zgodovina mariborskega Tama skozi razstavljene dokumente". Razgledi.net (in Slovenian). Retrieved 17 April 2018.
- "Čez tri leta 200 avtobusov Made in Maribor" (in Slovenian). Dnevnik. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor.|
|This article on a Slovenian company is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about an automotive industry corporation or company is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|