Tovarnik

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This article is about the village and municipality in Croatia. For the village in Serbia, see Donji Tovarnik.
Tovarnik
Municipality
Natun Gustav Matoš-Антун Густав Матош 02.JPG
Official seal of Tovarnik
Seal
Tovarnik is located in Croatia
Tovarnik
Tovarnik
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°10′N 19°9′E / 45.167°N 19.150°E / 45.167; 19.150Coordinates: 45°10′N 19°9′E / 45.167°N 19.150°E / 45.167; 19.150
Country  Croatia
Region Syrmia (Podunavlje)
County Flag of Vukovar-Syrmia County.svg Vukovar-Srijem
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,775
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32249
Area code(s) 32
Vehicle registration VU

Tovarnik (pronounced [tǒvaːrniːk]) is a municipality in the Vukovar-Syrmia County in Croatia next to the border with Serbia. According to the 2001 census, there are 2,775 inhabitants, 91.06% which are Croats.[1] The municipality is part of Syrmia. It is the birthplace of great Croatian poet Antun Gustav Matoš.

Passport stamp from the border with Serbia.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located in historical regions of Syrmia. The total area of the municipality is 64.56 km2. The territory of the municipality is completely flat with very fertile black soil.

Climate and weather[edit]

Tovarnik municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the influence of continentality temperature differences within one year are more pronounced than in the rest of country.

European migrant crisis[edit]

Since the city of Tovarnik is next to the border with Serbia and nearly 80% of the border consist of the Danube river, but there is a 70 kilometers-long so-called "Green Border" near Tovarnik and is therefore at risk for a strong inflow of migrants from Serbia considering that Hungary erected a fence on its border with Serbia. Also, parts of the Croatia-Serbia border are known minefields, which represent a considerable threat. According to the Croatian Minister of Interior Ranko Ostojić, "police in the area have enough people and equipment to protect the Croatian border against illegal immigrants".[2] Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović and First Deputy Prime Minister Vesna Pusić have so far rejected the option of building a fence along the Croatian border with Serbia.[3][4] Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanović said his country is ready to help refugees coming to Europe, insisting that people fleeing conflict should be given the right to remain in the EU.[5]

On 15 September 2015, Croatia started to experience the first major waves of refugees of the Syrian Civil War. First Syrian refugees cross Croatia-Serbia border, carving out potential new route through Europe after Hungary seals borders.[6] On September 15, 2015, Hungary announced it would start arresting people crossing the border illegally, and as of early 16 September, Hungary had detained 519 people and pressed criminal charges against 46 for trespassing.[7] Thousands of migrants were subsequently led to pursue alternative routes through Croatia from Serbia.[7] After Hungary closed its border with Serbia on September 15, migrants headed towards the Serbian town of Šid, less than 10 kilometers from the Croatian border. Several buses filled with migrants arrived on the Croatian border crossing of Tovarnik, where the Croatian Vukovar-Srijem County Care and Rescue teams as well as the Croatian Red Cross were on standby awaiting migrants.[8] On September 17 at 3:30 AM, more than 5,000 migrants have arrived in Tovarnik.[9] Since the number of refugees is rising and expected to peak at 20,000, it is likely that they will be moved to Zagreb Fair as planned.[10] Interior Minister Ranko Ostojić said Croatia is "absolutely full" by the evening of 17 September 2015, and Croatia decided to close its border with Serbia.[11]

Gallery[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Settlements[edit]

The settlements of Ilača and Tovarnik comprise the Tovarnik municipality.

See also[edit]

References[edit]