Tower Hamlets was a parliamentary borough constituency in Middlesex, England from 1832 to 1885. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was one of five new parliamentary boroughs in the metropolitan area of London enfranchised by the Reform Act 1832.
The constituency consisted of a number of communities in the
East End of London, between the City of London and the eastern boundary of Middlesex.
Boundaries [ edit ]
Boundaries 1832–1868 [ edit ]
The boundaries of the parliamentary borough were defined by the
Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 as "The several Divisions of the . Liberty of the Tower, and the Tower Division of Ossulston Hundred"
It comprised the following
civil parishes and places:
Boundaries 1868–1885 [ edit ]
Tower Hamlets in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1868 to 1885.
Representation of the People Act 1867 widened the parliamentary franchise and also effected a redistribution of seats. This, along with a rapidly increasing population in the East End, resulted in the existing parliamentary borough of Tower Hamlets being reduced in size, with the parishes of Bethnal Green, Hackney and Shoreditch forming a separate Hackney constituency. The reformed Tower Hamlets was defined as comprising:
The Parish of St. George's-in-the-East
The Hamlet of Mile End Old Town
The Poplar Union (Bow, Bromley and Poplar)
The Stepney Union (Limehouse,
Ratcliffe, Shadwell and Wapping) The Whitechapel Union (Holy Trinity Minories, Mile End New Town,
Norton Folgate, Old Artillery Ground, St Botolph Without Aldgate, St Katherine by the Tower, Spitalfields, Whitechapel.) The Tower of London. 
Redistribution [ edit ]
In 1885 the
parliamentary borough was split into seven single-member divisions. These were Bow and Bromley, Limehouse, Mile End, Poplar, St George, Stepney and Whitechapel.
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
Elections [ edit ]
Turnout, in multi-member elections, is estimated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes, the figure given will be an underestimate.
Change is calculated for individual candidates, when a party had more than one candidate in an election or the previous one. When a party had only one candidate in an election and the previous one change is calculated for the party vote.
Elections in the 1850s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1860s [ edit ]
Ayrton was appointed
First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.
Elections in the 1870s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1880s [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 & 3 Will.4 c.64), Schedule O
^ a b
Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 749. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
^ Representation of the People Act 1867 c.102, Schedule C
Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
Hawkins, Angus (2007). "Conservative Consolation: 1835-1841". (Illustrated ed.). The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby: Volume I: Ascent, 1799–1851 Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 193. ISBN 9780199204403 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). "Members of the House of Commons". . Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15 Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 145 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Spychal, Martin (December 12, 2017). "MP of the Month: George Donisthorpe Thompson (1804–1878)". The Victorian Commons . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Hawkins, Angus (2015). "The Dynamics of Voting". (First ed.). Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart and Mind' Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 193. ISBN 9780198728481 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Bayly, C. A. (2012). "The invention of class in India". (First ed.). Indian Thought in the Age of Liberalism and Empire Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 112. ISBN 9781107013834 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Weinstein, Benjamin (2011). . Liberalism and Local Government in Early Victorian London Boydell & Brewer. p. 91. ISBN 9780861933129 . Retrieved . 20 March 2018
Hawkins, Angus (1987). "Reform Deferred". (Illustrated ed.). Parliament, Party and the Art of Politics in Britain, 1855–59 Basingstoke: Macmillan Press. p. 83. ISBN 9781349089253 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Jarvis, Adrian, ed. (2016). . Port and Harbour Engineering Routledge. ISBN 9781351909914 . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
Crawford, Elizabeth, ed. (1999). . The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928 London: UCL Press. ISBN 184142031X . Retrieved . 6 April 2018
^ a b c d e f g h
Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
^ Alastair J. Reid. "
Newton, William", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
"The Elections". Chelmsford Chronicle. 6 November 1868. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 20 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
. 21 November 1868. p. 4 Newcastle Chronicle https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000865/18681121/047/0004 . Retrieved – via 20 March 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
"Marylebone". . 3 April 1880. p. 5 Daily News . Retrieved – via 23 December 2017 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
Sources [ edit ]
Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976) Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)