|Location||Jo Daviess County, Illinois|
|Nearest city||Stockton, Illinois|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|Built by||Townsend, George N.|
|Architectural style||Upright and Wing, Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||05000111|
|Added to NRHP||May 17, 2005|
The Townsend Home is a historic house located about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Stockton, Illinois, in Jo Daviess County. It is a fine example of an Upright and Wing style house with Greek Revival detailing and was completed in 1856. The house was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 2005.
The Townsend Home was built from 1851–56 on an 800-acre (3.2 km2) farm north of the village of Stockton, Illinois along Canyon Park Road, a road that formerly serviced the small, now defunct, community of Millville. The home was built by George Townsend, a New Yorker who came to the Illinois in 1826. Townsend began construction on his home after returning from two years in the California during the Gold Rush.
The house is constructed from limestone quarried on the Townsend farm. The designer of the house is unknown, as it is unknown if George Townsend had access to either architectural pattern books or a "master carpenter". It is entirely possible that Townsend himself designed the house. The home follows the tradition of finer Upright and Wing houses of the day, in the manner of those in New England and the Great Lakes region, where the style flourished. The Townsend Home, like many Upright and Wing houses, features characteristics of Greek Revival architecture.
The house is a fine example of the New England Upright and Wing with Greek Revival details. The style came to the area as settlers moved west from New York and New England. The house pre-dates the 1880s village of Stockton, which is 3 miles (4.8 km) away, and the home has a long association with one of the area's earliest families. The Townsend Home has remained in the Townsend family for at least six generations. The Townsend Home was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on May 17, 2005.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Watson, Daryl, and Townsend, Gerald. "Townsend Home", (PDF), National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, October 2004, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, accessed May 4, 2008.
- Reilly, Brandy. "Upright and Wing", Created June 6, 1997, updated June 5, 2002, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Department of Geography and Anthropology, accessed April 15, 2008.
- "Yarmouth Architectural & Site Design Guidelines Addendum", (PDF), Town of Yarmouth (Yarmouth, Massachusetts), p. 3, accessed April 15, 2008.