Townshend Stith Brandegee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Townshend Stith Brandegee
T.S. Brandegee (1843-1925) Jepson Herbaria Archives, UC Berkeley.jpg
BornFebruary 16, 1843
DiedApril 7, 1925(1925-04-07) (aged 82)
Alma materSheffield Scientific School
Scientific career
InstitutionsBotanical Society of America
California Academy of Sciences
National Geographical Society
Sigma Xi
Author abbrev. (botany)Brandegee

Townshend Stith Brandegee (February 16, 1843 – April 7, 1925) was an American botanist. He was an authority on the flora of Baja California and the Channel Islands of California.[1]

Early life[edit]

Brandegee was born on February 16, 1843, in Berlin, Connecticut. From 1862 to 1864 he served in the Connecticut Artillery and later decided to become an engineer. He got his degree in engineering from Sheffield Scientific School but then pursued botany after he participated at some classes with Daniel Cady Eaton in Yale University. When he graduated from there, he became a county surveyor and city engineer at Canon City, Colorado where in free time he also collected certain species of plants. He was accustomed with John H. Redfield and Asa Gray the later of which suggested him to join Ferdinand V. Hayden's expedition to southwest Colorado and Utah where he will use his surveyor skills as well as botanical. He was hired as a railroad surveyor in both Arkansas and New Mexico and continued with plant collecting. Later on, he was hired at the Northern Transcontinental Survey and created a map of Adirondack region. On his journey he visited Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa Islands on one of which he collected wood for Charles Sprague Sargent.[2]

Work, marriage and publications[edit]

Soon after it, he moved to San Francisco where he became a member California Academy of Sciences and continued studying plants there and in Baja California, Mexico.[3] Besides being a member of the CAS he was also a member of Botanical Society of America, National Geographical Society, Sigma Xi and a fellow at the American Association for the Advancement of Science. From 1889 to 1906 he wrote a 12-volume work called Plantae Mexicanae Purpusianae which was published in collaboration with Carl A. Purpus. He married a fellow botanist named Katharine Layne Curran in San Diego in 1889. In 1906 he moved to Berkeley, California where he died on April 7, 1925.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • Carter, Nancy Carol (2011). "The Brandegees: Leading Botanists in San Diego" (PDF). Journal of San Diego History. 14 (4): 191–216. Republished ("somewhat abridged") in Eden 14(4): 1–9.


  1. ^ "Townshend Stith Brandegee". Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Townshend Stith Brandegee". Jepson Herbarium. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  3. ^ "The Mexican Itineraries of T. S. Brandegee". Madroño. 11: 253–262.
  4. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Brandegee.