|Maryland State Normal School
Maryland State Teachers College
Towson State University
|Endowment||$71 million (Towson University, 2014)
$986 million (University System of Maryland, 2015) 
|Location||Towson, Maryland, U.S.
|Campus||Suburban, 328 acres (1.33 km2)|
|Colors||Black and Gold
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – CAA|
|Mascot||Doc the Tiger|
|Affiliations||University System of Maryland
Towson University, often referred to as TU or simply Towson for short, is a public university located in Towson in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. It is a part of the University System of Maryland. Founded in 1866 as Maryland's first training school for teachers, Towson University has evolved into a four-year degree-granting institution consisting of eight colleges with over 20,000 students enrolled. Towson is one of the largest public universities in Maryland and still produces the most teachers of any university in the state.
The U.S. News & World Report ranked Towson University 8th in the Public Universities-Master’s (North) category for its 2010 America's Best Colleges issue. Forbes included Towson University in its 2009 list of the top 100 public colleges and universities in the United States. Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine named Towson University one of the top 100 best values in public colleges for the 2008–09 academic year.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Enrollment
- 4 Student life
- 5 Campus
- 6 Athletics
- 7 Towson Tiger
- 8 Traditions
- 9 Community outreach
- 10 Controversy
- 11 Media and publications
- 12 Greek life
- 13 Notable people
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Maryland State Normal School
The General Assembly of Maryland established what would eventually become Towson University in 1865, with the allocation of funds directed toward Maryland’s first teacher-training school, or then called "normal school" (term used from a new French tradition). On January 15, 1866, this institution, known then as the "Maryland State Normal School" (M.S.N.S.), officially opened its doors as part of the substantial modern educational reforms prescribed by the Unionist/Radical Republican Party-dominated Maryland Constitution of 1864 of the Civil War-era state government, which provided for a new state superintendent of public instruction and a Board of Education to be appointed to advise and supervise the counties, in addition to the already progressive public educational system previously established in 1829 in Baltimore City. Located then at Red Man's Hall on North Paca Street in Baltimore, the new teachers' school originally enrolled eleven students and fostered three faculty members. McFadden Alexander Newell served as the school's first principal as well as the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and oversaw the first graduating class of sixteen students in June 1866.
As time passed, the enrollment in the school grew exponentially. The State Normal School soon quickly outgrew its temporary facilities in Red Man's Hall on Paca Street and moved to another temporary location in 1873 on the northeast corner of North Charles and East Franklin Streets, in the former William Howard Greek Revival mansion (son of famous American Revolutionary War Col. John Eager Howard of the famous "Maryland Line" in the Continental Army who owned most of the land north of Baltimore Town as his estate of "Belvidere" or "Howard's Woods"), and his family was now starting to develop and lay out city streets. The landmark mansion, (across the street from the First Unitarian Church of Baltimore), which later was known as the Union Club by 1863 and later became the Athenaeum Club. The following year, the General Assembly appropriated money to construct an exclusive building to house the burgeoning school. In 1876, the Normal School moved its faculty and 206 students to this new landmark facility located in West Baltimore facing Lafayette Square on Carrollton and Lafayette Avenues.
Move to Towson
The demand for qualified teachers became overwhelming by the turn of the century. The Maryland Department of Education reported an annual need for 350 new teachers, but the Maryland State Normal School was graduating fewer than 100. The facilities in West Baltimore were now inadequate to meet state demands. Principal Sarah Richmond, one of the original eleven graduates, began a campaign to establish a campus where the school could function more appropriately. In 1910, the General Assembly formed a committee to oversee site selection, budget, and design plans for the new campus. John Charles Linthicum was appointed president of the committee, alongside State Superintendent Dr. M. Bates Stephens and Sarah Richmond. The committee surveyed locations at Roland Park, Lutherville-Timonium, Mount Washington, Pimlico, Glencoe, and many other areas. Eventually, the committee settled on an 80-acre (320,000 m2) site in Towson and the General Assembly financed the $600,000 move in 1912. Construction began in 1913 on the Administration Building, now known as Stephens Hall. In September 1915, the new campus, comprising Stephens Hall, Newell Hall, and the power plant, began classes.
In 1934, the state decreed that new public school teachers must have baccalaureate degrees instead of two-year teaching certificates, and the school retooled its curriculum to issue Bachelor of Science degrees. The following year, the school changed its name to Maryland State Teachers College at Towson. As the name implied, the college's single purpose was to train teachers. In 1946, however, the institution established a junior college to offer two years of college work on a transfer basis. This expansion lay the foundation of what was later to become the art and sciences program. In 1958, the college offered its first graduate program leading to a Master of Education degree. In 1960, the college expanded the art and science programs into four-year courses and began awarding bachelor's degrees in these fields. Due to this change in focus, the name changed once more to Towson State College.
Beginning in 1964, the college enrollment rates began a dramatic increase as the baby boomer generation began applying to colleges. Within a decade, Towson State's enrollment climbed from 3,537 to 13,399. This expansion led to the construction of the Center for the Arts, University Union, Cook Library, and many other new facilities. Under the presidency of James L. Fisher, the college expanded the courses offered to meet the demands of the growing student body. In 1976, the school's name changed again to Towson State University. In 1988, TU joined 10 other public institutions in the newly created University System of Maryland. On July 1, 1997, another name change took effect. Towson dropped the designation "state" from its name and became Towson University. The new name recognized shifts in funding and the development and growth of Towson as a metropolitan university.
Towson University is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and the Maryland State Department of Education. For the Fall 2010 freshmen class, Towson accepted about 57% of their applicants. The average grade point average was a 3.45 and the middle 50% of matriculating students had ACT composite scores between 21-25. Towson educates undergraduate and graduate students in thirty academic departments which are subdivided into eight colleges:
|Name of College||Dean|
|College of Business and Economics||Shohreh A. Kaynama|
|College of Education||Raymond Lorion|
|College of Fine Arts and Communication||Susan E. Picinich|
|College of Health Professions||Charlotte E. Exner|
|College of Liberal Arts||Terry A. Cooney|
|Jess and Mildred Fisher College of Science and Mathematics||David Vanko|
|Honors College||Joseph McGinn|
|College of Graduate Studies and Research||Lawrence Shirley|
The university provides 64 undergraduate majors, 37 master's degree programs and 4 doctoral programs. Once students have determined a program of study, they become a member of the academic college administering the program.
Towson's gerontology program is one of only 100 such undergraduate programs offered in the United States. It is also the only public university in the United States that offers an undergraduate degree in e-Business.
More than 20,000 full-time and part-time students are enrolled in the University. Their numbers include over 800 international students from 100 nations. There are more than 17,000 undergraduates; approximately 32% are non-white. Also, in 2006 Towson achieved more enrollment in its business school than any college in the state of Maryland.
About 77% of the freshman class, and over 4,800 students among all four classes, reside on campus. The University has 15 residence halls, which include apartment complexes, modern high-rise towers, and more traditional two- and three-story residential buildings. Students can also choose from 10 Residential Learning Communities While on campus, students have access to a counseling center, an academic advising center, a health center, and a career center.
Students get access to their meal plan, dorm buildings, and computer labs through the use of their OneCard. They can also go to all of the school sporting events (which are many times free of charge to students) and several on campus events with the use of their card. It also serves dually as identification on campus.
TU has its own on campus shuttle system that operates free of charge to students. The on-campus shuttle travels to most sections of the school, while the off-campus shuttles travel to housing complexes (The Fairways at Towson, University Village, The Colony, Donnybrook) that students live in that are on the outskirts of the campus. There is also direct access to the MTA Maryland buses with services connecting to the light rail.
Towson Unplugged is one of the largest wireless networks in the Baltimore metro area, and provides Wi-Fi connection points in the including residence halls and academic and administrative buildings. It also is a member of Eduroam, allowing authenticated roaming access to users from all affiliated institutions.
The Towson University Police Department (TUPD) is the primary law enforcement agency servicing the students, faculty, and visitors within the campus limits and adjacent streets and roadways. The TUPD is aided by the Baltimore County Police Department as directed by authority. The current chief of police is Bernard Gerst. The TUPD is divided into several units such as the Patrol Unit and the Community Crime Reduction Unit. It also includes emergency communications.
Campus Master Plan
As a response to the University System of Maryland’s (USM) desire for Towson University to grow its enrollment, a new Campus Master Plan was developed for the university and approved by the USM, Board of Regents in December 2003. The university found that in the past, it has been guided by master plans that focused inward, resulting in disjointed campus development that was disconnected from the larger Towson community.
The resulting vision, called TU:2010. addresses both University System of Maryland requirements and community concerns. It contains over 70 specific initiatives that range from growing diversity to increasing student involvement in service learning projects. Perhaps its most visible development is the creation of academic and student life buildings, as well as roads, parking, utilities, and landscapes to support those buildings.
As part of this vision, Towson's campus is undergoing many construction projects set into different phases with staggered completion dates.
Completed Construction Projects
|Name of Project||Cost||Completion Date||Description|
|Union Third Floor Conference Rooms||$760,000||August 2006||Conversion of existing patio space on the third floor of the University Union into conference rooms for use by student organizations.|
|Cook Library Lobby Renovation and Starbucks Cafe||$1 million||September 2006||Complete renovation of the lobby area to include new inner and outer storefronts with Starbucks Cafe replacing the vending area.|
|Burkshire Marriott Pub||$1 million||January 2007||The patio outside of Nathan T's at the Burkshire Marriott was enclosed and the interior of Pub Smedley was renovated and expanded to create the newly named University Club. The University Club boasts new interior finishes, bar, and bathrooms.|
|Childcare Center||$4.5 million||January 2007||Formerly housed in the Lida Lee Tall Education Building, TU's Childcare Center now has its own newly constructed building located on Auburn Drive.|
|Campus Memorial Garden||$200,000||Summer 2007||Construction of a memorial garden between the University Union and the Glen Towers was completed 2007. The garden is open to all students, faculty and staff and is designed to provide visitors with a peaceful place where the lives of members of the Towson University community may be remembered and celebrated.|
|Towsontown Garage Expansion||$10.6 million||December 2007||Expansion of the garage to add 500 parking spaces for use by students, faculty, staff and visitors. Construction was completed in December 2007.|
|West Village Housing - Phase I||$36 million||Fall 2008||Delivery of 668 additional beds in the West Village sector was completed before the fall 2008 semester.|
|College of Liberal Arts - Phase I||$51.5 million||April 2009||Design and construction of the first 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of the 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2) academic building houses the College of Liberal Arts. The university broke ground on the building's construction in September 2007 completing the first phase in Fall of 2009.|
|College of Liberal Arts - Phase II||$72 million||Summer 2011||Design and construction of the second of the academic building that will house the remainder of the College of Liberal Arts. The university broke ground on the building's construction in 2009 with the building opening in the Fall of 2011.|
|West Village Housing - Phase II||N/A||Summer 2011||Phase II of the West Village housing project encompasses the construction of two residential facilities in the university’s West Village precinct. The buildings consist of nearly 160,000 total gross square feet of space and contain 651 beds for freshman and sophomore students. They are a mirror images of Paca and Tubman Halls, located just west of these buildings which comprised phase one of the West Village housing project.|
|West Village Commons||$30 million||Summer 2011||The West Village Commons building is an 85,000 gross square foot mixed-use facility that supports the residential population of the campus's West Village precinct. The building offers dining, retail, meeting, office and other student service spaces that enhance the area ’s living and learning environment, contribute to the development of its community, and serve as a central gathering space for current and future residential students.|
|West Village Parking Garage||$27 million||Summer 2011||The West Village Garage is a 489,000-square-foot (45,400 m2) parking facility west of Towson Run Apartments in the university’s West Village precinct. Construction on the garage began in August 2010 and was completed in August 2011. The six-story garage contains 1,500 parking spaces for TU students, faculty/staff and visitors. It also features LED lighting, which consumes 50% less electricity than standard garage fixtures.|
|Campus Gateway||$11 million||Winter 2012||The new gateway is be located near Burdick Hall. Marked by brick pillars and a large, open plaza, the gateway serves as a major campus access route, giving Towson University’s campus the main entrance that it’s always lacked. The gateway is designed to give campus visitors a sense of arrival and serving as an entry point for the entire campus community.|
|SECU Arena||$65 million||Summer 2013||A 5,200-plus seat multi-use arena facility complete with state-of-the-art video screens, entertainment suites/boxes, and expanded lobbies. Towson University has the new arena with the added benefit of preserving the Towson Center and keeping it operational in a redeveloped form for a basketball/volleyball practice facility, gymnastics facility and newly developed areas for sports medicine, strength & conditioning and a comprehensive academic and life skills area. Construction was completed May 2013 and was opened in June 2013.|
Towson University is committed to social and environmental responsibility. The school is achieving this goal by promoting recycling initiatives and green dining. Students partake in “Trayless Tuesdays” and receive incentives for using reusable mugs. Sustainability has also been incorporated into first year orientation so that students can begin a dialogue on environmental stewardship in their daily lives. Towson looks forward to having its initiatives analyzed for the 2010 College Sustainability Report Card.
The Towson Tigers, formerly the Towson College Knights, are the athletics teams of Towson University. All of the major athletic teams compete in the Colonial Athletic Association with 20 Division I athletic teams (13 in women's sports, 7 in men's sports).
Under the leadership of President Bob Caret the University placed a greater emphasis on the athletics program. In September 2010 Caret hired a new Director of Athletics, Michael P. Waddell, who has significant program building experience at the highest levels of college sports. Waddell left Towson in 2013 and was replaced by Tim Leonard.
Towson University offers the most comprehensive sports program in the metropolitan Baltimore area, fielding 20 varsity teams that compete in the Colonial Athletic Association. Since joining the league in 2001-02, the Tigers have won CAA titles in men’s and women’s lacrosse, women’s swimming, men’s soccer, men’s golf, baseball, and football. During an athletics history that traces its roots to the 1920s, Towson has sent teams and individual student-athletes to NCAA post-season competition in baseball, basketball, football, golf, gymnastics, lacrosse, soccer, swimming, track & field and volleyball.
Tiger student-athletes have distinguished themselves in the classroom as well as on the field of competition. Eleven Tigers have been named CAA Scholar-Athlete Award Winners for their respective sports, including the 2010 cross country recipient, Brandi Gervais, a senior Biology/Pre-Dentistry Major with a perfect 4.0 GPA. A number of student-athletes have gone on to enjoy professional careers, including most recently Jermon Bushrod, the starting left offensive tackle for the 2010 Super Bowl Champion New Orleans Saints and now the Chicago Bears; outfielder Casper Wells now with the Philadelphia Phillies; and shooting guard Gary Neal with the Milwaukee Bucks. Saint's Associate head coach Joe Vitt is also a prominent alumnus as well as a major contributor to the Athletics Department. Current Atlanta Braves' President John Schuerholz is also a Towson alumnus and a member of the school's Board of Visitors.
Before the 1960s, the name of the sports teams at Towson were known as the "Towson College Knights". Towson student John Schuerholz pushed for a new mascot, and the tiger was officially adopted in 1962. Schuerholz later became general manager of the Atlanta Braves and is the team's president as of 2008. The university's present baseball complex is named in his honor.
According to school newspaper The Towerlight, when the Student Government Association first bought the tiger statue that sits outside Cook Library in 1996, the organization hoped to boost school spirit. Instead, it became subject to vandalism and disrepair. In March 2006, after several acts of vandalism, the statue was completely removed from in front of the library.
In September 2006, the Towerlight reported that a new bronze tiger statue had been unveiled as the centerpiece of the university's "Capital Campaign" to raise $50 million. The primary difference between the new statue and previous one is that the new one is made of bronze and all of the legs are on the ground and the tail is wrapped around its legs rather than raised, so it won't get damaged by vandals.
Tigerfest is TU's annual spring festival that features interactive activities for students, as well as live musical entertainment. Tigerfest, which is also open to the public (not just TU students), occurs in late April and was held in Johnny Unitas Stadium for most of the event's history. Starting in 2014, the event was moved to Towson's brand new basketball arena, SECU Arena. Also beginning in 2014 was the festival being held over two days. Day one features events and games on campus, while day two is centered around a concert. Artists such as Third Eye Blind, Dashboard Confessional, Krewella, Kid Cudi, The Used, and Yellowcard have appeared at Tigerfest in the past.
Division of Economic and Community Outreach
Towson University, Maryland’s Metropolitan University, is committed to addressing education, economic development and broad social issues. To further Towson’s role as a premier metropolitan university, the Division of Economic and Community Outreach (DECO) was established in 2004 as an initiative of President Robert L. Caret. DECO’s charge is to provide a focus for engagement with the external community and to provide a path into the university's research and project talent. DECO includes over 130 experts in the following areas: IT Solutions, Mapping Solutions (GIS), Technical Training, Applied Economics and Human Services, Information Assurance, and Business Growth.
The Cherry Hill Learning Zone
The initiative is a partnership among the Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore City government, Towson University and Cherry Hill's community organizations. Together, the programs are trying to rebuild the Cherry Hill neighborhood in southern Baltimore. The program interacts with Cherry Hill’s civic leaders, community organizations and citizens, the Learning Zone hopes to serve as a resource for the academic progress of Cherry Hill’s young residents and improvement of the overall environment in the community.
Baltimore Urban Debate League
The Towson Speech and Debate team has close ties with the Baltimore Urban Debate League and often volunteers people from the team and the university to judge and facilitate the running of the tournaments.
The university often acts as a host for league tournaments at least once a year.
Towson also has what they call an Urban Debate Scholar award that they give to one graduating senior every year. The scholarship pays for full tuition and fees at TU. They also offer varying awards between $2,000 - $4,000 to other graduating seniors.
Former President Caret established a program called Adopt-A-Campus, which gives local businesses, organizations and others an opportunity to help beautify the TU campus. Every group is assigned a certain section of the campus, and will be encouraged to pick up litter and help keep the area clean of trash and debris.
Free speech policy
The school newspaper, The Towerlight, announced that in February 2008, the school administration was planning to implement a "Free Speech Policy". The policy defines several things that would be considered free speech, and that students would be restricted to where they could assemble and have demonstrations or protests. This has caused serious backlash from the students, and has solicited various protests on campus and vocal dissent from the Student Government Association as well. Jenny Haley, the SGA president at the time, said the policy was not discussed nor negotiated with the SGA and that she feels it is a mistake to exclude students from the decision making process. It was also noted that during a meeting with the administration to discuss the policy, several administrators said that the only input initially solicited from students for the Free Speech policy was from a committee called the Student Leadership Council that consists of student leaders who are in charge of large student groups. Several of the students contested that not only did they not know who was on this committee, but that most of them did not even know that kind of committee even existed.
The administration has reworked the policy and named it the Time, Place and Manner policy.
Media and publications
|Interfraternity Council (IFC)||National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC)||Unified Greek Council (UGC)||Panhellenic Association (PHA)||Professional Social||Currently Suspended|
- "Towson At a Glance". Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/towson-university-2099. Missing or empty
- (PDF) http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/EndowmentFiles/2015_NCSE_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf. Missing or empty
- "Budget". University Budget Office. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Administration & Governance". Towson University. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
- "Towson University school profile". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- "Campus - Towson At a Glance". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- "Primary Color Use - Brand Standards - Design Center - Towson University". Towson University. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Regional University North Rankings - Top Regional Universities North - US News Best Colleges - page 2". rankingsandreviews.com.
- "History - Towson At a Glance". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- "Towson University". Maryland Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- Bridge, James (April 2002). "Renovations build on history of Towson University". The Towerlight. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Employer Profile". Chronicle Careers. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
- "Chronology of Towson University History". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-11.
- "Middle States Commission on Higher Education". Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- "Towson University Facilities and Accreditation". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- "Towson University - Facts & Figures". Peterson's. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- "College Search - Towson University". College Board. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- "Degree Programs". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Undergraduate Studies". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- Leff, Sharon (November 2006). "Increased enrollment results in 2,995 undergraduates in CBE for Fall 2006". The Towerlight. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Housing and Residence Life". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
-  Towson University. Retrieved on 2009-03-02.
- "OneCard - Towson University". Towson.edu. Retrieved 2015-08-31.
- "Shuttle Services". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Towson UnPlugged". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "University Police - Towson University". towson.edu.
- "Video of the campus master Plan". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "TU 2010: Mapping the Future". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Campus Master Plan". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "The College Sustainability Report Card". Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- "Go Green". Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Caret, Robert. "The Meaning of a Mascot". President's Caret's Blog. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- Funderburk, Kristi (November 2006). "Tiger Statue Debuts". Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "The Future of Towson University". The Towerlight. December 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- Scharper, Julie (December 2007). "Towson's new Tiger built to last". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Division of Innovation & Applied Research - Towson University". towson.edu.
- "The Cherry Hill Learning Zone". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Cherry Hill Learning Zone video". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Scholarship Opportunities". Towson Speech and Debate. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- "Adopt-A-Campus". Towson University. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
- Leff, Sharon. "TU administration reworking free speech policy". The Towerlight. Retrieved 2007-02-15.
- "Time Place and Manner Policy" (PDF). Towson University. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- "The Towerlight's Super Survival Guide". thetowerlight.com.